Table of Contents• Introduction• Educational System of Pakistan• Educational Statistics• FactorsAffecting Literacy Rate• Achievements
INTRODUCTION• The educational system of Pakistan is among the least-developed in the world.The system was based on the British colonial educational system, which lasteduntil 1947.The colonial system was meant to educate a small portion of thepopulation to run the government.• They are three main sectors of education system in Pakistan:• Formal Education• Informal Education• Religious Education
Formal Education• Formal education means education or trainingreceived from institutions like schools, colleges,or universities. For example, to become a doctor,one should receive formal education.Education SystemOf Pakistan
Informal Education• Informal education is a general term for education outside of a standardschool setting. It can refer to various forms of alternative.• The government provide teacher’s salary and material whereas communityprovide school building/room.• It is called informal because; it has no regular curriculum, not obligatory andno formal certification.
Religious Education• Religious education system provides Islamic education. Institutions havethere own management system.They run on aid provided by government orother party. Pakistan Madrassa boards are established to regulate Madrassaactivities. They provide free religious education with boarding and logging.
Educational Statistics• The education system of Pakistan is comprised of270,825 institutions and is facilitating 40,926,661students with the help of 1,507,100 teachers.• It composed of 194,151 public and 76,674 privateinstitutions.• sector wise distribution of educational institution inpercentages is 28% in Private and 72% in Publicsector.
Educational Expenditure• Government spends 2% of its GDP on education. According to Dawn NewsPakistan has one of the world’s largest out of school population, about 7.3million.• Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP was 2.9 in2007, compared to 2.6 in 1998.
Educational statistics by categoriesThere are five categories of educational statistics• Primary• Middle• High• Higher Secondary• Deeni Madaris
Primary• Primary Education is the most important step in a child’s educational career.It can make or break the child’s educational career.The Primary stage ofeducation in Pakistan enrolls 16.894 Million leaner’s/students. Out of which11.664 million (69%) are in public sector and (21%) in private sector.
Middle• Middle school includes grades six through eight. In Pakistan, there are41,591 school of which 15, 722 (38%) are in public sector, whereas 25, 869(62%) are in private sector.
High• High School is also known as Secondary school usually compulsory up to aspecified age.The total enrolment at high school is 2.569 million, of which1.775 million (71%) as in public sector, whereas, 0.735 million (29%) is inprivate sector.
Higher Secondary• The Higher Secondary Schools include grades 11 and 12.There are 3,435higher secondary schools/ inter colleges in education system of Pakistan.The total enrolment at higher secondary schools/ inter colleges stage is1.146 million of which 0.955 million (83%) is in public sector, whereas, 0.191million (17%) is in private sector.
Deeni Madaris• Deeni Madaris also play important and significant role in adult educationand learning in Pakistan.The main emphasis of Madrassah education isIslamic Education andTeachings. Currently there are 12,910 Deeni Madarisworking in Pakistan.The total enrolment in the Deeni Madaris is 1.723million of which 0.051 million (3%) is in the public sector, whereas, 1.672million (97%) is in the private sector.The total male enrolment in DeeniMadaris is 1.073 million (62%), whereas, the female enrolment is 0.650million (38%).
Factors Affecting Literacy Rate in Pakistan• There are following factors affecting rate in Pakistan• Feudalism In Pakistan• Gender Issue• Fertility Rate• Cost Of Education
Feudalism in Pakistan• The feudal consists of landlords with large joint families possessinghundreds or even thousands of acres of land.They operates in remote areasof Pakistan , sometimes even operates a private prison in which they keptenemies or even local people.
Gender Issue• In Pakistan the division of labor and family responsibilities have been themain barriers in achieving a female literacy rate equal to that of males.Thelowest female literacy rate in Pakistan is in district Kohistan (2.95 %) andhighest in Karachi Central (73.92 %).
Fertility Rate• Pakistan the fertility rate is directly dependent on the level of education ofmothers. In other words, the educational level of mothers influences familysize.The illiterate women in high literacy regions have 4.74 children on anaverage, while literate and secondary school certificate holder women have3.63 –3.24 children. Fertility rate directly effect the economic condition of acountry.
Cost of Education• The cost of education is another determinant for parents to decide whether tosend their children; to government schools, private schools or no schools. Costof education has increased further due to increased inflation. Educating a childin private school costs twice to society compared to the cost in public school.Although private schools appear cheaper but government fees appear “free”to parents.
Achievements• DrAbdus Salam, Pakistan’s first and only theoretical physicist and Nobel Prizewinner.• 14 year old Pakistani student Sikandar Mehmood Baloch has made world recordafter creating Microsoft and Google certified seven computer operating systems.• Fawad Hassan secured 9A* in A levels. Now studying on scholarship at McGillUniversity, Canada.• Ali Nawaz-ish from Rawalpindi broke a world record when he passed 23 A-levelsin subjects including pure mathematics, travel and tourism, and sociology.The 18year old received 21 A grades and a B and a C.