El Modo Imperativo Updated

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  • 1. An explanation of Formal Commands in Spanish ¡Hazlo!
  • 2. Commands in English…
    • … are pretty easy. You just use a base verb form (without a subject, since it’s always “you”) to tell people what they should do:
      • Stand up!
      • Sit down!
      • Do your homework!
      • Take out the garbage!
      • Be quiet!
  • 3. Commands in Spanish…
    • … are little more complicated because we have so many ways of saying “you”:
      • Tú: informal, singular
      • Vosotros: informal, plural
      • Ud.: formal, singular
      • Uds.: formal, plural
    • However, we will concentrate on the formal commands only.
  • 4. Hable despacio, por favor.
    • The speaker is talking to one person.
    • Can you figure out how we got the form “ hable ”?
    • Take the “yo” form of the present: HABLO
    • Drop the –o : HABL -
    • “ Hablar” is an –AR verb, so add –E to form the command: HABLE
    -AR verbs
  • 5. Drop & Swap!
  • 6. Repita , por favor.
    • The speaker is talking to one person.
    • Can you figure out how we got the form “ repita ”?
    • Take the “yo” form of the present: REPITO
    • Drop the –o : REPIT -
    • “ Repetir” is an –IR verb, so add –A to form the command: REPITA
    -ER/-IR Verbs
  • 7. Drop & Swap!
  • 8. Opposite vowels
    • Think of the verb adding the
    • “ opposite vowel”
    • AR verbs add an –E.
    • ER & IR verbs add an –A .
  • 9. Let’s try a couple!
    • Com er : ¡______ Ud.!
    • Escrib ir : ¡_____ Ud.!
    • Tom ar : ¡_____ Ud.!
    • Beb er : ¡______ Ud.!
  • 10. More than one person?  Uds…
    • Coman Uds. la paella.
    • Right!
    • Just add an –N to the command form when you are talking to more than one person .
  • 11. Let’s try a few more!
    • Comer: ¡______ Uds.!
    • Escribir: ¡_____ Uds.!
    • Tomar: ¡_____ Uds.!
  • 12.
    • Some irregulars…¿Qué pasa?
    • Haga la tarea. ~hacer=to do
      • Hacer > yo hago > -o + -a
    • Tenga paciencia. ~tener=to have
      • Tener > yo tengo > -o + -a
    • Salga ahora.~ salir=to leave
      • Salir > yo salgo > - o + -a
    • Vuelva a casa.~volver=to return
      • Volver > yo vuelvo > -o + -a
    • Piense bien.~pensar=to think
      • Pensar > yo pienso > -o + -e
    • These verbs follow the same formula: start with the yo form, drop the –o, and add the opposite vowel.
  • 13. En la cocina , use the FORMAL SINGULAR COMMAND FORMS  Usted Cocinar- to cook, Cocine Medir -to measure, Mida Agregar -to add, Agregue Fre í r -to fry, Fr ía Hervir -to boil, Hierva Romper-to break, Rompa Hornear-to bake, Hornee Batir- to beat, Bata Combinar-to combine/to blend, Combine Mezclar-to mix, Mezcle Picar -to chop, Pique Cortar-to cut, Corte Cubrir-to cover, Cubra
  • 14. Ahora , traduzcan usando los mandatos formales…. 1.Blend a cup of milk! = __________________________ 2. Beat two eggs! = __________________________ 3. Boil three cups of water! = __________________________ 4. Cut the chicken! = __________________________ 5. Bake the cake! = __________________________