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Universidad Nacional Experimental<br />Francisco de Miranda<br />Inglés IV<br />General Review<br />Andreina Pereira 2010<br />InformationTakenfrom: GrammarfortheUtterlyConfusedby Laurie Rozakis<br />
General Review<br />Adjectives<br />Adjectives are words that describe nouns and pronouns. Adjectives answer the questions:<br />What kind? How much? Which one? How many? For example:<br />What kind? red nose gold ring<br />How much? moresugar little effort<br />Which one? secondchance thosechocolates<br />How many? several chances six books<br />
General Review<br />There are five kinds of adjectives: common adjectives, proper adjectives, compound adjectives,<br />articles, and indefiniteadjectives.<br />Adjectives<br />1. Common adjectives describe nouns or pronouns.<br />strongman<br />greenplant<br />beautifulview<br />2. Proper adjectives are formed from proper nouns.<br />California vegetables (from the noun “California”)<br />Mexican food (from the noun “Mexico”)<br />3. Compound adjectives are made up of more than one word.<br />far-off country<br />teenageperson<br />4. Articles are a special type of adjective. There are three articles: a, an, the.<br />The is called a “definite article” because it refers to a specific thing.<br />A and an are called “indefinite articles” because they refer to general things. Use a with<br />consonant sounds; use an before vowel sounds.<br />5. Indefinite adjectives don’t specify the specific amount of something.<br />allanotheranyboth<br />eacheitherfewmany<br />more mostneitherother<br />severalsome<br />
General Review<br />Adjectives<br />Follow these guidelines when you use adjectives:<br />1. Use an adjective to describe a noun or a pronoun.<br />Jesse was unwilling to leave the circus.<br />2. Use vivid adjectives to make your writing more specific and descriptive.<br />Take a larger slice of the luscious cake.<br />3. Use an adjective after a linking verb. A linking verb connects a subject with a descriptive word. The most common linking verbs are be (is, am, are, was, were, and so on), seem,appear, look, feel, smell, sound, taste, become, grow, remain, stay, and turn.<br />Chicken made this way tastes more delicious (not deliciously).<br />TIP<br />
General Review<br />Adverbs<br />Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Adverbs answer the<br />questions: When? Where? How? or To what extent?<br />When? left yesterdaybegin now<br />Where? fell belowmove up<br />How? happily sang danced badly<br />To what extent? partly finished eat completely<br />
General Review<br />Adverbs<br />Follow these guidelines when you use adverbs:<br />1. Use an adverb to describe a verb.<br />Experiments using dynamite must be done carefully.<br />2. Use an adverb to describe an adjective.<br />Sam had an unbelievably huge appetite for chips.<br />3. Use an adverb to describe another adverb.<br />Theysangso clearly.<br />TIP<br />Conjunctive adverbs are used to connect other words and to link ideas and paragraphs:<br />Accordingly, again, also, besides, consequently ,finally, for example, furthermore,<br />However, indeed, moreover, on the other hand, otherwise, nevertheless, then, therefore<br />
General Review<br />PossessiveNouns<br />In grammar, possession shows ownership. Follow these rules to create possessive nouns.<br />1. With singular nouns, add an apostrophe and an s.<br />dog -> dog’sbone<br />singer -> singer’svoice<br />2. With plural nouns ending in s, add an apostrophe after the s.<br />dogs -> dogs’ bones<br />singers -> singers’ voices<br />3. With plural nouns not ending in s, add an apostrophe and an s.<br />men -> men’sbooks<br />mice -> mice’stails<br />
General Review<br />ConfusingWords<br />REMEMBER Vs. REMIND<br />To remember v. meaning to be able to bring back a piece of information into your mind, or to keep a piece of information in your memory.<br />For example:- I remember when every home had clotheslines in the back yard or garden. <br />To remind v. meaning to make someone aware of something they have forgotten or might have forgotten.<br />For example:- Could you remind me to check the forum? <br />!Note - If you remind someone of something, then they'll remember it. <br />
General Review<br />ConfusingWords<br />TO SEE Vs. TO WATCH<br />To see means to be aware of what is around you by using your eyes.<br />For example: "I can see the smoke from here.“<br />To watch means to look at something for a period of time, especially something that is changing or moving.<br />For example: "I watched the cricket.“<br />!Note - We watch things that move, such as TV, a film, sport. We look at static things, such as a photograph, a painting, the stars. <br />
General Review<br />ConfusingWords<br />USED TO Vs. USED TO DO<br />Used to can be used as an adjective and we use it to talk about things that have become familiar, and are no longer strange or new. <br />For example: "I am used to mistakes now."<br />You can also be used to doing something.<br />For example: "I am used to making mistakes now.“<br />Used to do - If we say something used to happen we are talking about repeated events and actions in the past, usually things that happened a long time ago and are now finished. <br />For example: "I used to smoke."<br />
General Review<br />ConfusingWords<br />FOR Vs. SINCE<br />The prepositions for and since are often used with time expressions. <br />For indicates a period of time. <br />For example: <br />I have been working here for 2 years. <br />Since indicates a point in time. <br />For example: <br />I have been working here since the year before last.<br />
General Review<br />ConfusingWords<br />TRAVEL, TRIP, VOYAGE, JOURNEY<br />Travel (v) isused in general terms as a verb - itusuallymeanstochangelocation. Thewordtravelisveryrarelyused as a noun.<br />Forexample: I havetotravel a lotforwork.<br />Trip (n) isoftensubstitutedfortheword 'holiday' whenthe travelling distancewas short.<br />Forexample: Howwasyourtrip?<br />Voyage (n) isusually a longjourneybyboat. Thewordvoyageisveryrarelyused as a verb.<br />Forexample: Thevoyageto South Africatookoversixweeks.<br />Journey (n) isused more in British Englishthan American English. Itmeansthe 'piece' of travelbetween 2 or more points. Thewordjourneyisveryrarelyused as a verb.<br />Forexample: ThejourneyfromDarmstadttoNottinghamtakes 12 hours.<br />
General Review about common confusing terms in the english language.