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Grammer book 2


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Grammer book 2

  1. 1. 2nd SemesterPor: Maya Cawood
  2. 2. Table of Contents1. Imperfect : 32. Preterite: 4-8 Car/ Gar/Zar: 5 Spock: 6 Cucaracha: 7 Snake/Snakey : 81. Model: 92. Adverb: 103. Progressive : 11-12 Present Past4. Future and Irregulars: 135. Superlatives: 146. Formal Commands: 157. Prepositions: 168. Demonstratives: 17
  3. 3. Imperfecto Verbos Forms of the imperfect, regular verbs. Stem: Take the infinitive, and remove the last two letters (the infinitive ending): hablar > habl-; comer > com-; vivir > viv-. Endings: -ar verbs: -aba, -abas, -aba, -ábamos, -abais, - aban. -er and -ir verbs: -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían.Irregular verbs. Only three verbs are irregular in the imperfect: ser, ir, and ver: ser ir ver era éramos iba íbamos veía veíamos eras erais ibas ibais veías veíais era eran iba iban veía veían
  4. 4. Preterite Past Tense!!-AR -ER/IR-é -í-aste -iste-ó -ió-amos -imos-aron -ieron
  5. 5. -Car, -Gar, -Zar Regular verbs with these endings have a spelling change to the yo form to keep the sound of the verb. -CAR….YO….qué -GAR…YO….gué -ZAR…YO…cé
  6. 6. Spock-irregular for preteriteHacer: Dar o Ver: Ir o Ser:Hice I FuiHiciste Iste FuisteHizo Io FueHicimos Imos FuiemosHicieron Ieron Fueron
  7. 7. Cucaracha= irregulares for preteríte Andar- anduv Endings: Estar- estuv -e Poder- pud -iste Poner- pus -o Querer- quis -imos Saber- sup -isteis Tener- tuv -ieron Venir- vin Decir- dij Tracer- traj
  8. 8. Snake/Snakey
  9. 9. Modal VerbosModal verb in rightform + infinitive
  10. 10. Adverbos Most Spanish adverbs are formed by adding -mente to the feminine singular form of the adjective. This ending corresponds to -ly in English.Adjective to feminine form to adverb Claro…..clara….claramente Note: if two adverbs pertain to one verb the first adverb gets changed to only feminine form and the second one gets changed all the way to the –mente form.
  11. 11. Progressive- Present Step One: Right form of EstarEstoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están Step Two: Change verb to –ando, -iendo, -yendoAr- ando Er/Ir- iendo -yendohablar: hablando (hablar - ar + ando)comer: comiendo (comer - er + iendo)
  12. 12. Progressive-Past This tense, EL PASADO PROGRESIVO, is used when you say sentences such as.. I was working.Estaba trabajando. / Trabajaba They were studying.Ellos estaban estudiando ahora. We were selling a novelEstábamos vendiendo una novela. He was eating a lot.Él estaba comiendo mucho. She was leaving.Estaba partiendo
  13. 13. Superlatives You use superlatives when you want to say something has the MOST or the LEAST of a certain quality. MOST= más MENOS= menos Luis es el más alto. Luis is the tallest Carmen es la más pequeña
  14. 14. Future Los irregula endings res “I will…” Decer Dir Formula: Hacer Har é infinitive + future ending Poner Pondr ás Endings Example: Cantaré Salir Saldr á  -é  -ás Tener Tendr emos  -á Valer Vendr án  -emos Poder Podr  -án Querer Querr Saber Sabr
  15. 15. Formal Commands For Ud./Uds.: put the verb in its “yo” form and change to its opposite vowelComer- Como- ComaTener- Tengo- Tenga Negative Form: Add NO in front of the verb. Conjugate the verb the same way!¡No Coma! ¡No tenga! Irregulares= TVDISHES
  16. 16. Prepositions Abajo: below Arriba: above Debajo de: under Dentro de: inside Encima de: Above Fuera de: outside Cerca de: near Legos de: far Detrás de: behind
  17. 17. Demonstratives Indicate which oneThis That That These Those Those(near) (far) over over there thereEste Ese Aquel Estos Esos AquellosEsta Esa Aquella Estas Esas AquellasThe T is near me!!