Spanish verbs in –er/irHow to conjugate Spanish –er & -ir verbs
What is a verb?Verbs are words that describe actions.Like the commercial says, verbs are “whatyou do”. They are either “irregular verbs”like ser and tener which you have alreadylearned , or “regular verbs” like verbs thatend in –ar, -er, -ir.Verbs can either be in the infinitive form orthe conjugated form. The infinitive form isthe raw form of the verb, all Englishinfinitives start with “to”.
Why do we conjugate? However, you can not use the infinitive form in a sentence: I to learn Spanish.What’s wrong with the above sentence? TO CONJUGATE A VERB YOU CHANGE, OR CONJUGATE, THE VERB TO MATCH A GIVEN SUBJECT: I learn Spanish/ I am learning Spanish
How do we conjugate a verb? Spanish infinitives typically end in either –ar, -ir or –er . When we conjugate a regular Spanish verb we divide the verb into 2 parts, a stem and an ending take off the last two letters and add different ones. Yo aprender español.= I to learn Spanish Yo aprendo español= I learn or am learning SpanishWe took the -er off the end and added the letter o….now the sentence make sense.
Many Spanish verbs ending in –ir& -er follow a regular pattern that is almost identical The verb aprender (to learn) is conjugated below. You have to memorize the fact that verbs ending in –ir & -er in the infinitive follow the “normal” pattern of conjugation, meaning you can just take the ending off the infinitive and add the following endings to the stem: aprender (to learn) yo aprendo nosotros/as aprend emos tú aprendes vosotros/as aprend éis él/ella/Ud. aprende ellos/ellas/Uds. aprenden
What are the differences in conjugation?aprender (to learn) escribir (to write)yo aprendo yo escribotú aprendes tú escribesél/elle/ud. aprende él/elle/ud. escribenosotros aprendemos nosotros escribimosVosotros aprendéis vosotros escribísellos/ellas uds aprenden ellos/ellas uds escriben
Common –er &-ir verbs On page 109 of your textbook common some of these verbs are listed. Try to guess which verb fits in the following sentences and change them to match the subject:El ____________ un mensaje.Nosotros ______________café en la cafetería.Ellas ___________________el pizza todos los días.Ud._____________________unas buenas notas.
Practice makes Perfect! The only way to learn verb conjugations is to practice often, much like you would to learn a piece of music. The link below brings to an excellent website where you can practice all Spanish verbs, and gives you helpful comparisons to English verbs:http://www.conjuguemos.com