Basic Spanish | Lesson 7 | Which languages do you speak?

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culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson will help your overcome language difficulties in a new place. You will be able to ask and tell what languages one speaks and learn phrases like 'I speak Spanish', 'Do you speak English?', 'I don't speak Spanish', 'I speak a little English' and more.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 7 | Which languages do you speak?

  1. 1. I speak Spanish (Yo) hablo español Lesson 7 | Which languages do you speak?
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 7 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. Revision English Spanish To walk Caminar To study Estudiar To teach Enseñar To work Trabajar To ask Preguntar To take Tomar To answer Contestar
  4. 4. Revision Personal pronoun Verb ending in -ar Form Yo (I) -ar -o Nosotros (We) -amos Tú (You) -as Vosotros (You, plural) -áis Usted (You, formal) -a Ustedes (You, formal, pl) -an Él/Ella (He/ She) -a Ellos/Ellas (They) -an
  5. 5. Revision Personal pronoun Forms of Caminar I walk Yo camino We walk Nosotros caminamos You walk Tú caminas You (pl.) walk Vosotros camináis You (formal) walk Usted camina You (pl. formal) walk Ustedes caminan He / She walks Él/Ella camina They walk Ellos/Ellas caminan
  6. 6. Revision English Spanish Lisa Hello! What is your name? ¡Hola! ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Mark Hello! My name is Mark, and you? ¡Hola! Mi nombre es Mark, ¿y tú? Lisa I am Lisa Yo soy Lisa Lisa Where do you study? ¿Dónde estudias? Mark I study in America Yo estudio en América Mark Where do you work? ¿Dónde trabajas? Lisa I work at the hospital Yo trabajo en el hospital
  7. 7. 1 Bridging the language gap Lesson objectives
  8. 8. Today, we will learn how to overcome language difficulties when at a new place So let's get started... What’s in store today?
  9. 9. Lisa : Hello! What is your name? Mark : Hi! My name is Mark Lisa : Do you speak Spanish? Mark : Yes, I speak Spanish Mark : Do you speak English? Lisa : I don’t speak English Mark : Do you speak French? Lisa : I speak a little French Today’s conversation
  10. 10. Let’s break this conversation down and learn to translate it step by step Today’s conversation
  11. 11. What you already know! Hello, What is your name? ¡Hola! ¿Cuál es tu nombre?
  12. 12. What you already know! Hi! My name is Mark ¡Hola! Mi nombre es Mark
  13. 13. Now, if you're new in a Spanish speaking country, it is important to understand how to ask and answer questions related to which languages one speaks Bridging the language gap
  14. 14. Bridging the language gap Do you speak Spanish? tú hablar español?
  15. 15. 'Do' is not translated here This is because to form a question for the statement 'You speak Spanish' we just add ¿? before and after the statement so 'do' doesn't need to be translated separately Did you notice?
  16. 16. Bridging the language gap Do you speak Spanish? ¿ tú hablar español?
  17. 17. Remember how verbs change their form depending on the subject? Do you recollect the forms of verbs ending in ‘ar’ that we learnt in the last lesson? To speak = Habl-ar You (informal) speak = Tú hablas Grammar tip
  18. 18. Bridging the language gap Do you speak Spanish? ¿ (tú) hablas español
  19. 19. You (informal, sing.) speak Spanish = (Tú) hablas español Since the verb makes the pronoun clear (second person, informal), we can omit Tú Grammar tip
  20. 20. You speak Spanish = Hablas español Remember, to turn it into a question we just put ¿ ? Hence, Do you speak Spanish? = ¿Hablas español? Grammar tip
  21. 21. So our question translates as... Do you speak Spanish? ¿Hablas español?
  22. 22. You (informal, sing.) speak Spanish = (Tú) hablas español However! You (formal, sing.) speak Spanish = Usted habla español Now, while we could omit Tú, we cannot omit 'Usted' as it is not obvious Habla could associate with 'usted/él/ella' hence to be clear it is essential to use the pronoun Grammar tip
  23. 23. Do you remember that we never capitalize language names in Spanish? Hence, español is written with a small ‘e’ Grammar tip
  24. 24. Alright, now that you know how to ask someone if they speak a particular language, let’s also learn how you would answer that question Moving on…
  25. 25. For answering questions two important words to learn are 'yes' and 'no' Yes = Sí No = No Saying no is always easy right? :) Grammar tip
  26. 26. Bridging the language gap Yes, I speak Spanish? Sí, (yo) hablo español
  27. 27. Did you notice? To speak = Hablar I speak = (Yo) hablo
  28. 28. Bridging the language gap Yes, I speak Spanish Sí, hablo español
  29. 29. Bridging the language gap Do you speak English? ¿Hablas inglés?
  30. 30. Bridging the language gap I don’t speak English No hablo inglés
  31. 31. I speak English = Hablo inglés I don’t speak English = No hablo inglés To create the negative form of any sentence, just add ‘no’ before the verb Grammar tip
  32. 32. Bridging the language gap Do you speak French? ¿Hablas francés?
  33. 33. Bridging the language gap I speak a little French
  34. 34. A little of = Un poco de Grammar tip
  35. 35. Bridging the language gap I speak a little French Hablo un poco de francés
  36. 36. 1 2 3 I speak German (Hint : German = alemán) Try yourself Hablo alemán Tú hablas alemán No hablo alemán
  37. 37. 1 2 3 Solution I speak German (Hint : German = alemán) Hablo alemán Tú hablas alemán No hablo alemán
  38. 38. 1 2 3 Do you (informal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano) Try yourself ¿Hablo italiano? ¿Hablas italiano? Hablas italiano
  39. 39. 1 2 3 Do you (informal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano) Solution ¿Hablo italiano? Hablas italiano ¿Hablas italiano?
  40. 40. 1 2 3 Do you (formal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano) Try yourself ¿Tú hablas italiano? ¿Usted habla italiano? ¿Habla italiano?
  41. 41. 1 2 3 Do you (formal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano) Solution ¿Tú hablas italiano? ¿Habla italiano? ¿Usted habla italiano?
  42. 42. 'Do you (formal) speak Italian?' cannot be translated to just ¿Habla italiano? because it is not obvious that we are referring to 'Usted' from 'Habla' hence we cannot omit Usted Habla could associate with 'usted/él/ella' hence to be clear it is essential to use the pronoun Do you remember?
  43. 43. 1 2 3 A little German (Hint : German = alemán) Try yourself Sí alemán Un poco de alemán No alemán
  44. 44. 1 2 3 A little German (Hint : German = alemán) Solution Sí alemán No alemán Un poco de alemán
  45. 45. So this is what we learnt today! English Spanish Lisa Hello! What is your name? ¡Hola! ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Mark Hi! My name is Mark ¡Hola! Mi nombre es Mark Lisa Do you speak Spanish? ¿Hablas español? Lisa Yes, I speak Spanish Sí, hablo español Mark Do you speak English? ¿Hablas inglés? Lisa I don’t speak English No hablo inglés Mark Do you speak French? ¿Hablas francés? Lisa I speak a little French Hablo un poco de francés
  46. 46. Culture Leaf
  47. 47. Spanish is spoken across a lot of countries including Spain and countries in Latin America While a lot of cultural aspects are similar, each country has some cultural nuances of it’s own… As part of the ‘Culture leaf’ series, we will give you cultural tips relevant to several Spanish countries – and tell you what works best in which! Today our cultural voyage takes us to Argentina! Culture leaf
  48. 48. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Avenida_Roque_S%C3%A1enz_Pe%C3%B1a_%28Diagonal_Norte%29.jpg Buenos Aires (capital city of Argentina)
  49. 49. Culture leaf - Argentina Argentina is a unique country, most of the locals came from France, Italy or Spain, so their etiquettes and traditions are shaped by the cultures of those countries
  50. 50. Dress well, Argentina is a very fashion conscious country! Conservative and modest clothing is ideal Ensure you dress up for a night in the town or if going for a Tango dance party! Culture leaf – Dressing in Argentina
  51. 51. Don’t wear clothes that are ripped or baggy if you want to blend in with the locals Avoid flip-flops for this reason... Avoid wearing soccer jerseys of rivals Argentineans are serious soccer fans, so wearing a rival’s jersey can mean asking for trouble! Culture leaf – Dressing in Argentina
  52. 52. Cross your fork and knife to show that you are finished eating Remember that dinner is had late in Argentina; people will usually have dinner at 9 or 10 pm It’s okay show up between 30 to 60 minutes late if invited to a party! Culture leaf – Dining in Argentina
  53. 53. Don’t pour wine for others, if you can avoid it There is a ritual associated with pouring wine in Argentina, so it’s best to let an Argentinean do it… Don't talk about business during a meal unless an Argentinean business associate brings it up first Culture leaf – Dining in Argentina
  54. 54. Don’t give clothes or other items that might be considered personal Open your gift right away and show your gratitude Give gifts such as flowers, candies, pastries, chocolates or imported liquor Culture leaf – Gifting in Argentina
  55. 55. Don’t be late, but expect to be kept waiting at times Make small talk before discussing business Expect several meetings to take place before a decision is made Culture leaf – Business in Argentina
  56. 56. In the next lesson, we will learn forms of verbs ending in 'ir' and ‘er’ and some examples and conversations around them! What’s next?
  57. 57. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga http://www.vayama.com/etiquette/argentina Content Jorge Garcia Rey Credits
  58. 58. See you at the Alley!
  59. 59. Lesson 8 | Regular verbs ending in ‘er’ and ‘ir’

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