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Climate change and Nepal

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  • 1. SAILENDRA DONGOL YOUTH ENGAGEMENT IN SUSTAINABILITY BRITISH COUNCIL INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHAMPION [email_address] Climate change and Nepal
  • 2. Presentation outline
    • Weather and climate
    • Green house effect and Global warming
    • Climate change
    • Impacts
    • Overcoming climate change
    • Climate Initiatives
  • 3. Weather and Climate
    • Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a particular place and time
      • relatively dynamic
    • C limate is the average pattern of weather in a place.
      • Relatively constant
    Climate is not weather. Climate is not weather.
  • 4. Green house effect and Global warming
  • 5. Temperature is increasing Worldwide : Temperatures have increased slightly more than 1 o F (IPCC 2007) Temperature Change o C 1970-2004 -1.0 -0.2 0.2 1.0 2.0 3.5 Changes in physical and biological systems and surface temperature 1970-2004
  • 6. Greenhouse Gases
    • Greenhouse gases maintain the earth’s temperature through GREENHOUSE EFFECT .
    Which GAS? Methane, CFC, Nitrous Oxide and CO 2. Source: www.abcnews.com/sections/us/global106.html
  • 7. Sources of Green house gases
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11. Climate change
    • Any change in climate overtime, whether due to
    • natural Variability or as result of human
    • activities is the Climate Change. (IPCC 2004)
  • 12. Impacts
  • 13. Our Mountains are Melting Our Himalayas are Melting…
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
    • Mitigation
    • Adaptation
    • “ avoids the unmanageable…”
    • Energy efficient appliances and vehicles
    • Planting trees
    • Reduction of green house gases
    • “ avoids the unmanageable…”
    • Landslide stabilization, Pond construction, Flood control
    • Increasing the height of the dykes can protect from flooding
    • Introduction of New variety of disease resistant and high productive crops
    • Introducing cash crops like banana in rice field where precipitation has significantly reduced to support rice plants
    • Intercropping, crop rotation and shifting cultivation
    • Climate induced disaster Preparedness by the community
    Overcoming Climate Change
  • 19.
    • Globally
    • Nepal
    • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
    • Conference of Parties (COP)
    • Kyoto protocol
    • Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
    • Joint Implementation
    • Nepal signed UNFCCC on 12th June 1992
    • Ratified Kyoto Protocol on 16th September 2005
    • Formulating climate change relevant policies which includes NAPA and National Climate Change Policy.
    • GOs and NGOs are promoting renewable and clean energy through various programs. (AEPC) and other NGOs are promoting alternative energy like Biogas, Solar, and Micro- Hydropower etc.
    • Various organizations are conducting awareness raising and advocacy campaigns against climate change
    Climate Initiatives
  • 20.
  • 21. 02/08/11 Thank you