Successfully reported this slideshow.
Climate Change & Adaptation
in
The Himalayas
Experience from the Great Himalaya Trail
– My Climate Initiative
------------...
Overview
• The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative
• The Hindu Kush Himalaya
• Experience from the Great Himalaya...
The Great Himalaya Trail
– My Climate Initiative
The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative is a project funded by t...
The Great Himalaya Trail
– My Climate Initiative
This project was a 98 day trek across 1555 km of Nepal Himalaya,
document...
The Great Himalaya Trail
– My Climate Initiative
The project also initiated a Trek4Education campaign to provide scholarsh...
The Great Himalaya Trail
– My Climate Initiative
A third objective was to raise awareness among students and school teache...
Pilot Study on Plant Species Distribution – A Citizen Science Initiative
Geo-tagged Photo database example:
1 Photo ID IMG...
Map Courtesy: ICIMODCIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
• Extends over 3500 km from Afghanistan to Myanmar
• The World’s youngest geological formation with fragile mountain
ecosy...
Experience from
the Great Himalaya Trail – Nepal
The geographic boundary of Nepal starts in the south as low as 70m above
...
Such extreme geographical features have made Nepal rich in biodiversity but
with great climatic variability and vulnerabil...
In the high Himalayas, glaciers have retreated and the rising temperatures have
increased the risk of Glacier Lake Outburs...
In the mid-hill mountains of Nepal, changes in precipitation pattern during
monsoon have increased the frequency of flash ...
The erratic rainfall and hailstorm have severely affected the agriculture and
livelihood of the people living in these are...
The harsh climatic and physical conditions of the mountains present a plethora
of environmental challenges for communities...
Food security, income security and energy security remains some of the major
livelihood issues.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pra...
To adapt to these changes, farmers could shift their agricultural calendar but
the uncertainty of the rainfall pattern hav...
In many villages, farmers complained about increased occurrence of new pests
and diseases.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
...
Intermittent rainfall and prolong dry period have caused drought in many mid-
hill regions.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan...
Droughts have a direct impact on ecosystem and agricultural production, with
socio-economic and health consequences.
© Pho...
Intermittent rainfall and prolong dry period have also triggered many forest
fires. But, forest fires are also caused from...
The emission of black carbon from these forest fires also contribute
significantly to the atmospheric brown cloud (ABC).
©...
ABC not only impact the human health but it also weaken the monsoon pattern,
exacerbate glacier melting, heat the lower at...
While community forests are successful stories from Nepal, deforestation is still
rampant. Forests are logged for timber a...
Timber is used for building houses but they also have a high demand from
neighboring countries. This has resulted in degra...
Most of the people in the mountainous villages use wood to cook their food.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTa...
In the process, they also emit black carbon and also subjected to indoor air
pollution.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIR...
Some mountain communities like the Sherpas have been adapting by using
improved cooking stoves in their kitchen and also b...
In Khumbu, a villager installed a Carbon Mono-oxide Detector to address the
risks posed by indoor air pollution.
© Photogr...
Alternative technologies such as parabolic solar cooker are also becoming
popular. On a clear day, it can boil 5 liters of...
Migration is a common phenomenon for mountain communities, however there
may have been a surge in its scale in the recent ...
This has also created a labor crisis in the remote villages in the mountains.
There aren’t many men left in the villages t...
As men migrate towards cities looking for better opportunities – jobs and
education alike, only women, children and old co...
As a result, women now spend more time looking after their household and
farmland.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2...
They have to work more.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
However, this is not the case in areas where high valued medicinal plants such
as Yarchagumba (Cordyceps sinensis) are fou...
It is perhaps the reason why Dolpa has relatively low labor migration.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 2...
Water scarcity has been another major issue in the high mountain villages.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTai...
In many villages, villagers complained that their natural springs have dried out
in the last few years.
© Photograph: Pari...
However, this may not necessarily be due to climate change in all cases. Some
may be a result of anthropogenic changes suc...
In the last 6 years, many rural road development activities have been initiated
with no regard to the environmental and ec...
Many popular tourist trails have been expanded and developed into a dirt road.
This has had a negative impact on tourism i...
Much of the debris that comes from the construction is dumped into the nearby
river, thus raising the riverbed and creatin...
Such dirt roads also trigger landslide and erosion during monsoon. That is why
they only operate during winter seasons.
© ...
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
In areas where there is abundance of water resources mostly in tourist
destinations, micro-...
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
The other major adaptation strategy for mountainous countries like Nepal is
pro-poor sustainable tourism.
© Photograph: Pa...
Tourism products like The Great Himalaya Trail could also be a good adaptation
strategy.
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CI...
Next Steps…
© Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
Thank you! www.annafound.org
© Photograph: Samir Jung Thapa
CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Climate Change & Adaptation in The Himalayas Experience from the Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative

481 views

Published on

Presentació per part de Paribesh Pradhan (Annapurna Foundation) en el marc de l’acte de clausura del projecte europeu CIRCLE 2 MOUNTain co-organitzat per l'Oficina Catalana del Canvi Climàtic durant els dies 26 i 27 de setembre de 2013.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Climate Change & Adaptation in The Himalayas Experience from the Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative

  1. 1. Climate Change & Adaptation in The Himalayas Experience from the Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative -----------------------҉----------------------- PARIBESH PRADHAN Annapurna Foundation
  2. 2. Overview • The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative • The Hindu Kush Himalaya • Experience from the Great Himalaya Trail - Nepal – Environment and climate adaptation stories • Next Steps CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  3. 3. The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative is a project funded by the Global Programme for Climate Change, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). In consultation support with, • The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) • Oikos International • climatiq.ch CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  4. 4. The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative This project was a 98 day trek across 1555 km of Nepal Himalaya, documenting communities’ perception of change and stories of - sustainable adaptation practices, vulnerabilities and impacts of climate change. Outcome: Climate Report Process: • Interview local school teachers, farmers and local people • Taking photographs • Observation CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  5. 5. The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative The project also initiated a Trek4Education campaign to provide scholarships to schools located in areas vulnerable to climate change. Outcome: • Raised 7750 USD • Founded Annapurna Foundation Process: • Identifying schools • Online fundraising: 10 USD for every kilometer trekked CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  6. 6. The Great Himalaya Trail – My Climate Initiative A third objective was to raise awareness among students and school teachers about climate change impacts and adaptation strategies. Process: • Interaction with school teachers, students and communities Outcome: • Published articles & stories in local and international newspapers/ magazines • Blog CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  7. 7. Pilot Study on Plant Species Distribution – A Citizen Science Initiative Geo-tagged Photo database example: 1 Photo ID IMG_4294 2 Scientific Name Rosa sericea 3 Local Name/s Darimpate 4 Family Name - 5 Photographed Date 7 May 2012 6 Time 1:12:08PM 7 Altitude 2825 m 8 Longitude 87.9058861 9 Latitude 27.4832412607 10 Photograph By Paribesh Pradhan 11 District Taplejung 12 Plant Features Deciduous shrub, 1-2 m tall; Stems smooth or bristly or with robust red thorns, sometimes wing-like, paired below leaves or scattered along branches; leaves pinnate, leaflets ovate- obovate; margin entire at base, serrate towards apex; flowers solitary on short side shoots, white to creamy-yellow, 4 petaled; fruit a hip, red, obovoid - globose 13 Common Habitat Open woods, forest margins, scrub, dry sunny places 14 Altitudinal Range 1820 - 4850 m 15 Regional Distribution India (Sikkim, Assam), Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Tibet/China 16 Economic Use - 17 Endemic Value - 18 Remarks - The Great Himalaya Trail CIRCLE-2MOUNTain,26-27Sept.2013
  8. 8. Map Courtesy: ICIMODCIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  9. 9. • Extends over 3500 km from Afghanistan to Myanmar • The World’s youngest geological formation with fragile mountain ecosystem • Known for World’s highest peaks and deepest gorges • Home to 150 million people • Source for 10 large river basins in Asia and lifeline for more than 1.3 billion population • Prone to natural disasters, earthquakes, landslides, flashfloods & GLOFs • Characterized by physical, climatic and social diversity • One of the poorest region of the World The Hindu Kush Himalaya Source: The International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  10. 10. Experience from the Great Himalaya Trail – Nepal The geographic boundary of Nepal starts in the south as low as 70m above sea level at Kanchan Kalan and within a breadth of 200 km ends in the north - as high as 8848m at Mt. Everest. CIRCLE-2MOUNTain,26-27Sept.2013
  11. 11. Such extreme geographical features have made Nepal rich in biodiversity but with great climatic variability and vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  12. 12. In the high Himalayas, glaciers have retreated and the rising temperatures have increased the risk of Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) and avalanches. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  13. 13. In the mid-hill mountains of Nepal, changes in precipitation pattern during monsoon have increased the frequency of flash floods and landslides. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  14. 14. The erratic rainfall and hailstorm have severely affected the agriculture and livelihood of the people living in these areas. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  15. 15. The harsh climatic and physical conditions of the mountains present a plethora of environmental challenges for communities inhabiting in the mountains. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2MOUNTain,26-27Sept.2013
  16. 16. Food security, income security and energy security remains some of the major livelihood issues. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  17. 17. To adapt to these changes, farmers could shift their agricultural calendar but the uncertainty of the rainfall pattern have put them in a perpetual dilemma. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  18. 18. In many villages, farmers complained about increased occurrence of new pests and diseases. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  19. 19. Intermittent rainfall and prolong dry period have caused drought in many mid- hill regions. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  20. 20. Droughts have a direct impact on ecosystem and agricultural production, with socio-economic and health consequences. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  21. 21. Intermittent rainfall and prolong dry period have also triggered many forest fires. But, forest fires are also caused from the shifting cultivation practices in the mountains. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  22. 22. The emission of black carbon from these forest fires also contribute significantly to the atmospheric brown cloud (ABC). © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  23. 23. ABC not only impact the human health but it also weaken the monsoon pattern, exacerbate glacier melting, heat the lower atmosphere and also have an adverse impact on agriculture. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  24. 24. While community forests are successful stories from Nepal, deforestation is still rampant. Forests are logged for timber and fuel wood. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  25. 25. Timber is used for building houses but they also have a high demand from neighboring countries. This has resulted in degradation and depletion of natural resources. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  26. 26. Most of the people in the mountainous villages use wood to cook their food. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  27. 27. In the process, they also emit black carbon and also subjected to indoor air pollution. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  28. 28. Some mountain communities like the Sherpas have been adapting by using improved cooking stoves in their kitchen and also bio-briquettes. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  29. 29. In Khumbu, a villager installed a Carbon Mono-oxide Detector to address the risks posed by indoor air pollution. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  30. 30. Alternative technologies such as parabolic solar cooker are also becoming popular. On a clear day, it can boil 5 liters of water in 1 hour. It is a good adaptation strategy. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  31. 31. Migration is a common phenomenon for mountain communities, however there may have been a surge in its scale in the recent years directly or indirectly, as a result of risks imposed by the impacts of climate change. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  32. 32. This has also created a labor crisis in the remote villages in the mountains. There aren’t many men left in the villages to work. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  33. 33. As men migrate towards cities looking for better opportunities – jobs and education alike, only women, children and old couples remain in the villages. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2MOUNTain,26-27Sept.2013
  34. 34. As a result, women now spend more time looking after their household and farmland. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  35. 35. They have to work more. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  36. 36. However, this is not the case in areas where high valued medicinal plants such as Yarchagumba (Cordyceps sinensis) are found. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  37. 37. It is perhaps the reason why Dolpa has relatively low labor migration. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  38. 38. Water scarcity has been another major issue in the high mountain villages. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  39. 39. In many villages, villagers complained that their natural springs have dried out in the last few years. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  40. 40. However, this may not necessarily be due to climate change in all cases. Some may be a result of anthropogenic changes such as road development projects. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  41. 41. In the last 6 years, many rural road development activities have been initiated with no regard to the environmental and ecological sustainability of the ecosystem © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  42. 42. Many popular tourist trails have been expanded and developed into a dirt road. This has had a negative impact on tourism industry. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  43. 43. Much of the debris that comes from the construction is dumped into the nearby river, thus raising the riverbed and creating a huge siltation problem in the downstream hydropower dams. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  44. 44. Such dirt roads also trigger landslide and erosion during monsoon. That is why they only operate during winter seasons. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  45. 45. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan In areas where there is abundance of water resources mostly in tourist destinations, micro-hydro power plants have been developed to feed the energy demand. It is also a very good adaptation strategy. CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  46. 46. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  47. 47. The other major adaptation strategy for mountainous countries like Nepal is pro-poor sustainable tourism. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  48. 48. Tourism products like The Great Himalaya Trail could also be a good adaptation strategy. © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  49. 49. Next Steps… © Photograph: Paribesh Pradhan CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013
  50. 50. Thank you! www.annafound.org © Photograph: Samir Jung Thapa CIRCLE-2 MOUNTain, 26-27 Sept. 2013

×