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Climate change and Nepal


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Climate change and Nepal

  2. 2. Presentation outline <ul><li>Weather and climate </li></ul><ul><li>Green house effect and Global warming </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Initiatives </li></ul>
  3. 3. Weather and Climate <ul><li>Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at a particular place and time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>relatively dynamic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C limate is the average pattern of weather in a place. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively constant </li></ul></ul>Climate is not weather. Climate is not weather.
  4. 4. Green house effect and Global warming
  5. 5. Temperature is increasing Worldwide : Temperatures have increased slightly more than 1 o F (IPCC 2007) Temperature Change o C 1970-2004 -1.0 -0.2 0.2 1.0 2.0 3.5 Changes in physical and biological systems and surface temperature 1970-2004
  6. 6. Greenhouse Gases <ul><li>Greenhouse gases maintain the earth’s temperature through GREENHOUSE EFFECT . </li></ul>Which GAS? Methane, CFC, Nitrous Oxide and CO 2. Source:
  7. 7. Sources of Green house gases
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  11. 11. Climate change <ul><li>Any change in climate overtime, whether due to </li></ul><ul><li>natural Variability or as result of human </li></ul><ul><li>activities is the Climate Change. (IPCC 2004) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Impacts
  13. 13. Our Mountains are Melting Our Himalayas are Melting…
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  18. 18. <ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>“ avoids the unmanageable…” </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficient appliances and vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Planting trees </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of green house gases </li></ul><ul><li>“ avoids the unmanageable…” </li></ul><ul><li>Landslide stabilization, Pond construction, Flood control </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the height of the dykes can protect from flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of New variety of disease resistant and high productive crops </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing cash crops like banana in rice field where precipitation has significantly reduced to support rice plants </li></ul><ul><li>Intercropping, crop rotation and shifting cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>Climate induced disaster Preparedness by the community </li></ul>Overcoming Climate Change
  19. 19. <ul><li>Globally </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Conference of Parties (COP) </li></ul><ul><li>Kyoto protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal signed UNFCCC on 12th June 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Ratified Kyoto Protocol on 16th September 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Formulating climate change relevant policies which includes NAPA and National Climate Change Policy. </li></ul><ul><li>GOs and NGOs are promoting renewable and clean energy through various programs. (AEPC) and other NGOs are promoting alternative energy like Biogas, Solar, and Micro- Hydropower etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Various organizations are conducting awareness raising and advocacy campaigns against climate change </li></ul>Climate Initiatives
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  21. 21. 02/08/11 Thank you