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  • 1. By:Mason Haas
  • 2. Adiabatic temperature changes and expansion and cooling  Air that changes with out heating or cooling.  Dry adiabatic is the rate of cooling or heating in non saturated air  Wet adiabatic rate is the coolinghttp://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/classes/met130/notes/chapter6/graphics/adiab_warming.gif
  • 3. Orographic lifting  Or graphic lifting of air is happens in elevated terrains like mountain  It acts as a boundary and the air flows up wardhttp://web.mst.edu/~rogersda/umrcourses/ge301/press&siever12.3.png
  • 4. Frontal Wedging  Front is a boundary between were warm and cold air meat  Occurs when cold dence air acts a blanket over the warmer airhttp://www.geography.hunter.cuny.edu/~tbw/wc.notes/4.moisture.atm.stability/frontal.wedging.jpg
  • 5. Localized convection  Occurs when the earths surface heats makes a warm pocket of air warmer then the rest  It lowers the air pockets densityhttp://acd.ucar.edu/~randel/GPS4.gif
  • 6. stability  Air that’s stable usually stays in the same spot  Air that’s unstable usually rises  The most stable air conditions are temperature inversions they are when the temperature of the air goes up with heighthttp://www.revisionworld.co.uk/files/salr_49.gif
  • 7. Condensation  Condensation can only occur if the air is saturated  The types of condensation are dew, fog, and clouds  Condensationhttp://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/235126/235126,1247291688,7/stock-photo-water-droplets-formed-from-condensation-inside-a-blue-bottle-33458629.jpg
  • 8. Cloud types  Clouds are categorized by there height and there form  One type of clouds are cirrus there thin and fluffy  Cumulus are the other type of clouds they are individual  And the last type of clouds are status clouds have layers and cover most of the skyhttp://eo.ucar.edu/webweather/images/cloudchart.gif
  • 9. High Clouds  Three types of high clouds are cirrus, cirrostratus, and cirrocumulus  Cirrocumulus is fluffy  Cirrostratus are thin layers  Cirrus clouds cover the skyhttp://www.bigbranch.net/195.jpg
  • 10. Middle clouds  Middle clouds are any were form 2000 to 6000 meters  They are made up of bigger partials then all the other clouds  They are a grayish coverhttp://www.bigbranch.net/168.jpg
  • 11. Low Clouds  There are three types of low clouds stratus, stratocumulus, and nimbostratus  Stratus clouds are fog like clouds that cover the sky most of the time  Stratocumulus clouds are ling roles  Nimbostratus clouds are rain cloudshttp://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/159841/159841,1285355433,12/stock-photo-landscape-with-low-clouds-above-atlantic-ocean-and-breaking-waves-61627681.jpg
  • 12. Cloud of Vertical development  They are associated with unstable air  They are around in fair wheather  They usually end up making a rain cloudhttp://www.free-online-private-pilot-ground-school.com/images/cloud-types.gif
  • 13. Fog There are two different reasons for fog cooling and evaporation Cooling fog occurs when moist air from the pacific moves over the California current then its pushed on by prevailing winds Fog caused by evaporation happens when cool moves over water if the air gets moist enough fog happens
  • 14. Cold Cloud Precipitation (Bergeronprocess) It’s a theory that relates to the formation of precipitation to super cooled clouds, freezing nuclei, and level difference of liquid water and ice. water in a liquid state under 0 is said to be super cold If super cold water touches an object it will freeze
  • 15. Warm cloud When air is saturated fully it’s the same as ice that’s fully saturated The collision coalescence process is a theory of how raindrops form in warm cloud making cloud droplets collide to for a rain drop
  • 16. Rain and snow The types of precipitation are rain and snow Rain is water falling from clouds when the temperatures is above 4 at the service Snow happens when low temperatures and low moisture and is made up of six sided crystals
  • 17. Sleet, Glaze and Hail Sleet is the fall of clear ice a layer of air has to over line the ground for it to occur Glaze is freezing rain it happens when becomes super cold Hail begins as little ice balls that get bigger when super cold water droplet stick to it as it falls to the surface