4.3.4 eye of the storm

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4.3.4 eye of the storm

  1. 1. Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives? Author: Stephen Kramer Genre: Expository Nonfiction
  2. 2. Small Group Timer
  3. 3. Review Games Story Sort Vocabulary Words: Arcade Games Study Stack Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Spelling Words
  4. 4. Spelling Words Compound Words
  5. 5. watermelon • homemade • understand • sometimes • shoelace • highway • upstairs • thunderstorm • shortcut • • doorbell • jellyfish • touchdown • campfire • skateboard • anyway • fireworks • haircut • loudspeaker • laptop • flashlight • masterpiece • stomachache • cliffhanger • sweatshirt • afterthought
  6. 6. Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives? Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
  7. 7. Vocabulary Words Vocabulary Words destruction  expected  forecasts  inland  shatter  surge  More Words to Know       potential withstand wreckage ditch shelter unpredictable
  8. 8. Monday Question of the Day How do weather patterns affect our lives?
  9. 9. Today we will learn about:  Build Concepts  Graphic Sources  Predict  Build Background  Vocabulary  Fluency: Pauses  Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses  Spelling: Compound Words  Storms
  10. 10. Fluency Model Pauses
  11. 11. Fluency: Model Pauses  Listen as I read “Tornado Tales.”  As I read, notice how I pause after complete thoughts, such as at the end of phrases and sentences to make it easier for listeners to understand the text.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
  12. 12. Fluency: Model Pauses  What caused frogs to fall on a girl’s head?  Why shouldn’t someone try to flee from a tornado in a car?
  13. 13. Concept Vocabulary ditch – a long narrow hole dug into the earth. Ditches are usually used to carry off water.  shelter – something that covers or protects from weather, danger, or attack  unpredictable – uncertain, unable to tell about beforehand   (next slide)
  14. 14. ditch
  15. 15. shelter
  16. 16. Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)
  17. 17. Build Concept Vocabulary ditch, shelter, unpredictable Why storms are dangerous Storms Where to find shelter
  18. 18. Graphic Sources, Predict Turn to page 338 – 339.
  19. 19. Prior Knowledge What do you know about hurricanes? K (What do you know?) W (What would you like to learn?) L (What did you learn?)
  20. 20. Prior Knowledge  This week’s audio explores how meteorologists forecast hurricanes. After we listen, we will discuss what you found out and what surprised you most about forecasting hurricanes.
  21. 21. Vocabulary Words
  22. 22. Vocabulary Words destruction – great damage; ruin  expected – thought something would probably come or happen  forecasts – statements of what is coming; predictions  inland – in or toward the interior  shatter – to break into pieces suddenly  surge- a swelling motion; sweep or rush; especially of waves 
  23. 23. More Words to Know     potential – something possible withstand – to stand against; hold out against; resist; endure wreckage – what is left behind after destruction (Next Slide)
  24. 24. destruction
  25. 25. shatter
  26. 26. surge
  27. 27. wreckage
  28. 28. Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses
  29. 29.     the thundastorm put out our camp fire but we had a gas stove The thunderstorm put out our campfire, but we had a gas stove. we return Home last night soaking wet We returned home last night soaking wet.
  30. 30. Past, Present, and Future Tenses  It rains every day. It rained last night. It will rain tomorrow.  The verb in sentence 1 is in present tense, the verb in sentence 2 is in past tense, and the verb in sentence 3 is future tense.
  31. 31. Past, Present, and Future Tenses the word has, have, or had precedes a verb, it is called the perfect tense. This tense indicates that the action was done before a given point in time.  When
  32. 32. Past, Present, and Future Tenses  The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. A verb in the present tense tells about action that is happening now. A verb in the past tense tells about action that has already happened. Many past tense verbs end in –ed.
  33. 33. Past, Present, and Future Tenses A verb in the future tense tells about action that will happen in the future. The helping verb will is added to a verb to form the future tense.  Present Tense: The rain pours down. We use our umbrellas.  Past Tense: It rained last night. They filled buckets with rainwater.
  34. 34. Past, Present, and Future Tenses  Future Tense: The rain will stop tomorrow.  When a verb ends with e, drop the e before adding –ed: save, saved.  When a one-syllable verb ends with one vowel followed by one consonant, double the final consonant before adding –ed: clap, clapped
  35. 35. Past, Present, and Future Tenses  When a verb ends with a consonant followed by y, change the y to i before adding –ed: hurry, hurried.
  36. 36. Past, Present, and Future Tenses Identify the tense of each underlined verb.  Warren  present  He  Faidley lives in Arizona. follows storms. present  In 1992, he chased Hurricane Andrew.  past
  37. 37. Past, Present, and Future Tenses Identify the tense of each underlined verb.  He stayed in a concrete parking garage.  past  Next summer he will take pictures of thunderstorms.  future
  38. 38. Past, Present, and Future Tenses Find the verb and identify its tense.  My  dog hates thunderstorms. hates, present  Last summer a storm arrived one afternoon.  arrived, past  The  wind nearly knocked me over. knocked, past
  39. 39. Past, Present, and Future Tenses Find the verb and identify its tense. I  hugged a telephone pole. hugged, past  Next  time I will remain indoors. will remain, future
  40. 40. Spelling Words Compound Words
  41. 41. watermelon • homemade • understand • sometimes • shoelace • highway • upstairs • thunderstorm • shortcut • • doorbell • jellyfish • touchdown • campfire • skateboard • anyway • fireworks • haircut • loudspeaker • laptop • flashlight • masterpiece • stomachache • cliffhanger • sweatshirt • afterthought
  42. 42. Tuesday Question of the Day Why do you think storms are so fascinating to some people?
  43. 43. Today we will learn about:            Word Structure: Endings Graphic Sources Predict Cause and Effect Vocabulary Fluency: Echo Reading Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses Spelling: Compound Words Time for Science: Tornadoes Satellite Pictures Storms
  44. 44. Vocabulary Strategy: Endings Pages 340 -341.
  45. 45. Eye of the Storm Pages 342 - 349.
  46. 46. Fluency Echo Reading
  47. 47. Fluency: Echo Reading  Turn to page 348, the heading and first paragraph.  As I read, notice how I pause after reading the heading, after commas, and at the ends of sentences.  We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of this
  48. 48. Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses
  49. 49.     water covered the highway. After the hurricane Water covered the highway after the hurricane. how would we get threw How would we get through?
  50. 50. Past, Present, and Future Tenses     The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense.
  51. 51. Spelling Words Compound Words
  52. 52. watermelon • homemade • understand • sometimes • shoelace • highway • upstairs • thunderstorm • shortcut • • doorbell • jellyfish • touchdown • campfire • skateboard • anyway • fireworks • haircut • loudspeaker • laptop • flashlight • masterpiece • stomachache • cliffhanger • sweatshirt • afterthought
  53. 53. Wednesday Question of the Day Why should people respect the power of storms?
  54. 54. Today we will learn about: Graphic Sources  Predict  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Pauses  Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses  Spelling: Compound Words  Time for Science: What Causes a Hurricane?  Storms 
  55. 55. Eye of the Storm Pages 350 - 354.
  56. 56. Fluency Model Pauses
  57. 57. Fluency: Model Pauses  Turn to page 349, paragraphs 2-4.  As I read, notice how I use punctuation clues to determine when to pause, including the dash and the colon.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings.
  58. 58. Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses
  59. 59.     i watches lightning flash over the mountain’s I watched lightning flash over the mountains. if you see a tornado go too a safe place If you see a tornado, go to a safe place.
  60. 60. Past, Present, and Future Tenses     The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense.
  61. 61. Past, Present, and Future Tenses  Using present, past, and future tenses tells readers the time of an action.  Example: I passed my spelling quiz.  I will pass my spelling quiz.   The verb tense makes each sentence mean something different. Review something you have written to see if you can make the action clearer by using present, past, or future tense.
  62. 62. Spelling Words Compound Words
  63. 63. watermelon • homemade • understand • sometimes • shoelace • highway • upstairs • thunderstorm • shortcut • • doorbell • jellyfish • touchdown • campfire • skateboard • anyway • fireworks • haircut • loudspeaker • laptop • flashlight • masterpiece • stomachache • cliffhanger • sweatshirt • afterthought
  64. 64. Thursday Question of the Day Has your home ever lost electrical power during a storm? What else happened?
  65. 65. Today we will learn about:  Web Site/Text Features  Reading Across Texts  Fluency: Partner Reading  Grammar: Tenses Past, Present, and Future  Spelling: Compound Words  Science: Tornado Safety
  66. 66. “Severe Weather Safety” Pages 356 - 359.
  67. 67. Fluency Partner Reading
  68. 68. Fluency: Partner Reading  Turn to page 349, paragraphs 2-4.  Read these paragraphs three times with a partner. Be sure to pause at logical places and offer each other feedback.
  69. 69. Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses
  70. 70.     last night the hurricanes power surprise us Last night the hurricane’s power surprised us. the winds blew childrens off their feets The winds blew children off their feet.
  71. 71. Past, Present, and Future Tenses     The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense.
  72. 72. Past, Present, and Future Tenses   Test Tip: The present tense describes events that are happening now, but it also describes repeated actions. Words such as always, usually, often, and every day generally appear with present tense verbs. Examples: Thunderstorms usually occur in summer. I carry an umbrella to school every day.
  73. 73. Spelling Words Compound Words
  74. 74. watermelon • homemade • understand • sometimes • shoelace • highway • upstairs • thunderstorm • shortcut • • doorbell • jellyfish • touchdown • campfire • skateboard • anyway • fireworks • haircut • loudspeaker • laptop • flashlight • masterpiece • stomachache • cliffhanger • sweatshirt • afterthought
  75. 75. Friday Question of the Day How do weather patterns affect our lives?
  76. 76. Today we will learn about:  Graphic Sources  Similes  Word Structure: Endings  Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses  Spelling: Compound Words  Online Telephone Directory  Storms
  77. 77. Graphic Sources A graphic source shows or explains information in the text. Pictures, maps, charts, time lines, and diagrams are all examples of graphic sources.  As you read, use graphic sources to help you understand information. Compare information in the text with information in the graphic sources.
  78. 78. Similes A simile is a comparison of two unlike things that are alike in at least one way.  A simile uses a comparison word such as like or as.  Writers use similes to help the reader better understand something they are describing or to think about it in a new or different way.
  79. 79. Endings  The ending –s is used for many plural nouns. In some words the ending is –es, and there may be a spelling change in the base noun.  Identify the singular form of each word and then use each noun in a sentence.
  80. 80. Endings Plural Noun tornadoes branches leaves flashes countries Singular Noun Example Sentence
  81. 81. Online Telephone Directory  How might you find the phone numbers or address of a local business?  Online telephone directories, like print directories, consist of white and yellow pages.  The white pages contain listings for individuals and sometimes businesses.
  82. 82. Online Telephone Directory  The yellow pages contain businesses categorized by type, such as hotels, sporting goods, and so on.  To find an online directory, use the keywords white pages or yellow pages on a search engine.
  83. 83. Online Telephone Directory  Once in the directory, type in the name of the person or business you want to find (or the category of a business if you don’t know a specific name).Also include a city or zip code and state to narrow the search.
  84. 84. Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses
  85. 85.     they say the weather in atlanta improved tomorrow They say the weather in Atlanta will improve tomorrow. the storm reaches Nova scotia By next saturday The storm will reach Nova Scotia by next Saturday.
  86. 86. Past, Present, and Future Tenses     The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense.
  87. 87. Spelling Words Compound Words
  88. 88. watermelon • homemade • understand • sometimes • shoelace • highway • upstairs • thunderstorm • shortcut • • doorbell • jellyfish • touchdown • campfire • skateboard • anyway • fireworks • haircut • loudspeaker • laptop • flashlight • masterpiece • stomachache • cliffhanger • sweatshirt • afterthought
  89. 89. We are now ready to take our story tests. Story test  Classroom webpage,  Reading Test  AR  Other Reading Quizzes  Quiz # 

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