The Adverb Clause


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The Adverb Clause

  1. 1. The Adverb Clause <ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent? </li></ul><ul><li>Under what condition? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Where can you find an adverb ? <ul><li>Adverbs modify : </li></ul><ul><li>VERBS , ADJECTIVES , and other ADVERBS </li></ul>
  3. 3. … therefore you can find them: <ul><li>Nearly anywhere in the sentence… </li></ul><ul><li>However, they are usually near the verb , adjective or adverb they modify (but not always) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>He can run fast . </li></ul><ul><li>(tells: how he can run) </li></ul><ul><li>She really likes soccer. </li></ul><ul><li>(tells: to what extent, she likes…) </li></ul>
  4. 4. More Examples : <ul><li>They can swim really quickly . </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the adverb quickly . It answers – How quickly?) </li></ul><ul><li>He is not enjoying this activity. </li></ul><ul><li>(Just remember the word not is always an adverb .) </li></ul><ul><li>She is always late for class. </li></ul><ul><li>(The words always , never , sometimes , rarely , etc. </li></ul><ul><li>are also adverbs ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adverbs answer where … <ul><li>Your book is here . </li></ul><ul><li>Your pencil is there . </li></ul><ul><li>The birds are flying high . </li></ul><ul><li>The plane is flying by . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adverbs answer when … <ul><li>He came home late . </li></ul><ul><li>She woke early . </li></ul><ul><li>They are performing now . </li></ul><ul><li>She will do her homework later . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Unlike an adverb or an adverb phrase , an adverb clause has a subject and a verb <ul><li>ADVERB : </li></ul><ul><li>They will leave soon . </li></ul><ul><li>ADVERB PHRASE : </li></ul><ul><li>They will leave ( in a few minutes ) . </li></ul><ul><li>ADVERB CLAUSE : </li></ul><ul><li>They will leave when they are ready . </li></ul>S V
  8. 8. Definition… <ul><li>An adverb clause is a subordinate (dependent clause) that modifies a verb , an adjective , or an adverb . </li></ul><ul><li>Like an adverb an adverb clause tells where , when , how , why , to what extent or under what condition. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Adverb Clauses can also be found nearly anywhere in the sentence… <ul><li>… beginning, middle or end… </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES : </li></ul><ul><li>You may sit wherever you wish . </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the verb sit and tells where ) </li></ul><ul><li>When spring sets in , many students go crazy. </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the verb go and tells when ) </li></ul><ul><li>Sammy and Alexandra look as though they have some exciting news for us . </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the verb look , telling how S. and A. look ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. More examples… <ul><li>Happy because she made an A , Maia hurried to phone her mom. </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the adjective Happy , telling why Maia was happy.) </li></ul><ul><li>Will can climb higher than I can . </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the adverb higher , telling to what extent or how much higher Will can climb) </li></ul><ul><li>If it does not rain tomorrow , we will go to the beach for class. </li></ul><ul><li>(modifies the verb will go , telling under what condition we will go to the beach.) </li></ul>
  11. 11. COMMA RULES… <ul><li>When an adverb clause begins a sentence, it is followed by a comma . </li></ul><ul><li>, </li></ul>
  12. 12. Subordinating Conjunctions: <ul><li>An adverb clause is introduced by a subordinating conjunction —a word that shows the relationship between the adverb clause and the word or words that the clause modifies . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Common Subordinating Conjunctions: <ul><li>after as though since when </li></ul><ul><li>although because so that whenever </li></ul><ul><li>as before than where </li></ul><ul><li>as if how though wherever </li></ul><ul><li>as long as if unless whether </li></ul><ul><li>as soon as in order that until while </li></ul>
  14. 14. NOTE! <ul><li>The words after , as , before , since , and until are also commonly used as prepositions . </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>PREPOSITION : </li></ul><ul><li>(After lunch ) we’ll finish building the rocket. </li></ul><ul><li>SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION : </li></ul><ul><li>After you wash the dishes , you can make the bed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. SUBORDINATE (DEPENDENT) CLAUSES: <ul><li>Adjective Clause Adverb Clause Noun Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Relative Relative Subordinating </li></ul><ul><li>Pronoun Adverb Conjunction </li></ul>