Instructional Focus Area For
Compare and Contrast
The student recognizes the use of
comparison and contrast in a text.
Important Vocabulary and
• Compare: Finding how two or more things
are alike. Clue words that tell how things
are alike; same, like, both, alike, still,
likewise, in the same ways, in
comparisons, at the same time, in the
same manner, and similar.
Contrast: Finding how things are different. Clue words
that tell how things are different; but, unlike, different,
however, on the other hand, but, yet, nevertheless,
conversely, rather, on the contrary, nonetheless, and
People, places, objects, and events can all be compared
Comparing and contrasting text is one of the most
challenging critical reading skills to acquire because it
requires evaluating and synthesizing.
Three column notes
Semantic Feature Analysis
Application of Strategy:
• Compare and contrast two events, characters,
settings, or ideas in a selection
Identify compare and contrast statements and
clue words in a given text
Write similes, metaphors, and analogies that
compare and contrast two or more things
Demonstrate the results of compare and
contrast in a graphic organizer
Critical Thinking Questions:
• How did the author help readers learn new
ideas by comparing and contrasting?
• What text-to-text, text-to-world, or text-toself connections can you make?
• What similes, metaphors, or analogies did
the author use to make comparisons?
• What ideas did the author compare and
A Critical Thinking Skill, the
Comparing and contrasting text is a critical
thinking skill. Mastering the skill leads
students toward proficiency in reading,
writing, analyzing problems and making
Using one of the books from the “Literature
Suggestions,” plan and present a Think-Aloud,
modeling how to apply the skills for comparing
Teach the vocabulary that signals the compare
and contrast by identifying these words in text.
Teach and model the use of graphic organizers
while reading and writing.
What is it? A Venn diagram is an graphic
organizer that allows students to create a
visual map that contains two overlapping
circles enabling them to organize their
thinking as they compare and contrast
information in text.
• Thinking maps integrate thinking skills and
mapping techniques. Learning to use
these strategies helps students develop
good writing skills. These techniques also
help students become better learners as
they develop life-long skills that help them
Double Bubble Thinking Maps
When comparing and contrasting we use double bubble
maps. This is similar in concept to a Venn diagram.
Two items being compared are written in the two center
circles. Outside bubbles display items that share
qualities with only one object-these are contrasting
qualities. Center bubbles that connect to both circles
show similarities between the two items being compared.
Special Points of Interest
3rd grade: 40% of the FCAT questions use expository text
4th & 5th grade: 50% of the FCAT questions use expository text
How are ___ and ___ alike?
How are you like ___ (person)?
How is your family like ___’s (person’s) family?
What did ___ and ___ (person or animal) do that is alike? ( can
Think about ___ and ___ (people) in the story. How are they alike?
How are they different?
Borreguita and the Coyote
Solomon and the Rusty Nail
The Girl who Loved Horses
Lon Po Po
Song and Dance Man
Deep in the Forest
Fish Is Fish
Extension Activities FCRR Just Read
Florida Activity Binder:
Students describe a character by using a graphic organizer. Grade 2-3 (C.001)
Students will identify similarities and differences
Students will identify similarities and differences between the meaning of words
Semantic Feature Analysis:
Students will identify similarities and differences between the meaning of
Grade K-1 (V.032)