Chapter 14

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Chapter 14 Review

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Chapter 14

  1. 1. The Expansive Realm of Islam Chapter 14
  2. 2. A Prophet and His World <ul><li>Review of Section 1 </li></ul>
  3. 5. The Bedouin
  4. 6. Trade Routes
  5. 8. Mecca
  6. 9. Muhammad ibn Abdullah
  7. 10. Muhammad’s Vision
  8. 12. The Quran
  9. 13. Muhammad’s Message <ul><li>Muhammad’s monotheistic teachings offensive to polytheistic pagans </li></ul><ul><li>Economic threat to existing religious industry </li></ul><ul><li>Denunciation of greed affront to local aristocracy </li></ul>
  10. 14. The Hijra <ul><li>Muhammad flees to Yathrib (Medina) 622 CE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Year 0 in Muslim calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizes followers into communal society (the umma) </li></ul><ul><li>Legal, spiritual code </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce, raids on Meccan caravans for sake of umma </li></ul>
  11. 15. Seal of the Prophets <ul><li>Islam as culmination and correction of Judaism, Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritor of both Jewish and Christian texts </li></ul>
  12. 16. Muhammad’s Return to Mecca
  13. 18. Five Pillars of Faith
  14. 19. Jihad <ul><li>“ struggle” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Against vice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Against ignorance of Islam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ holy war” </li></ul>
  15. 20. Islamic Law: The Sharia <ul><li>Codification of Islamic law </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Quran, hadith , logical schools of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Extends beyond ritual law to all areas of human activity </li></ul>
  16. 21. The Expansion of Islam <ul><li>Review of Section 2 </li></ul>
  17. 22. Directions <ul><li>Map </li></ul><ul><li>Read Chapter 14, Section 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Correct or support each statement with notes from the book. </li></ul><ul><li>Homework – Section 3 </li></ul>

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