Islam: Origins

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  • Islam: Origins

    1. 1. The Rise of Islam
    2. 2. <ul><li>The Arabs of circa 500 AD lived in tribes </li></ul><ul><li>The primary occupation of Arabs was trade </li></ul><ul><li>Trade made the town of Mecca very prosperous </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Arabs visited the shrine of Kaaba in Mecca to worship </li></ul><ul><li>Originally, the Arab people worshipped many gods – then along came a man named Mohammad </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Can anyone tell me who is pictured to the left ? </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>This is a depiction of the prophet Mohammad* </li></ul><ul><li>The prophet Mohammad was born about A.D. 570 in the city of Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>At age 40 Mohammad received a number of visions from the angel Gabriel </li></ul>* This &quot;portrait&quot; of the Prophet comes from Alexander Ross's PAHSEBEIA, or A View of all Religions in the World (1683)
    6. 6. <ul><li>He was convinced that these revelations were the Word of God </li></ul><ul><li>In 613 Mohammad began to preach to his people </li></ul><ul><li>He began to teach that there was only God—Allah </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>All people must worship and obey him </li></ul><ul><li>Mohammad preached that all people who believed in God were equal </li></ul><ul><li>The teachings of Mohammad were not well received in Mecca </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>The Meccans feared that the pilgrimages would stop </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, in A.D. 622 Mohammad and his followers fled Mecca and went to Yathrib </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad became spiritual and political ruler of Yathrib </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>The city of Yathrib accepted Muhammad with open arms </li></ul><ul><li>They viewed Muhammad as the messenger of God </li></ul><ul><li>Yathrib changed its name to Medina, “the city of the prophet.” </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>The cities of Medina and Mecca engaged in armed conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, in A.D. 630 the leaders of Mecca surrendered to Muhammad </li></ul><ul><li>By the time of Mohammad’s death in A.D. 632 the Islam religion included the Arabian peninsula </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>The holy book of Islam is called the Quran </li></ul><ul><li>The Quran dictates to the Muslims how they should live and worship </li></ul><ul><li>The Muslims are forbidden to gamble, eat pork and drink alcoholic beverages. </li></ul>
    12. 13. Five Pillars of Islam <ul><li>Faith: A person must state a belief that there is no God but Allah and that Mohammad is his prophet </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer: A person must pray to Allah, facing Mecca, five times every day </li></ul><ul><li>Alms: A person must give aid to the poor people through a tax </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting: A person must eat only one meal per day, after sunset, every day during the holy month Ramadan </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrimage: A person should perform the hajj (a trip to the holy city of Mecca) at least once in his or her lifetime. </li></ul>
    13. 14. Dome of the Rock

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