Culture Of Sub Saharan Africa

29,063 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
29,063
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
197
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
284
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Culture Of Sub Saharan Africa

  1. 1. The Culture of Africa South of the Sahara Standard 7.3.1 Describe the beliefs and lifestyles, including religion, language, arts, education and health care
  2. 2. Directions <ul><li>Create a 6-tab layered foldable </li></ul><ul><li>Title: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures and Lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>Tabs: </li></ul><ul><li>Religions </li></ul><ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><li>The Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul>
  3. 3. Religions
  4. 4. Religions <ul><li>Religion is integral part of life in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity most common along coasts - why? </li></ul><ul><li>Islam found mostly in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Native religions found throughout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in one supreme being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believe in existence of nature spirits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honor distant ancestors and relatives </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Religious Conflicts <ul><li>Nigeria - thousands of people massacred in Muslim - Christian conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan - hundreds of thousands have been killed in genocide - Janjaweed Militia wants to create an all Muslim country </li></ul>
  6. 8. Languages <ul><li>Over 800 languages in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>6 major groups </li></ul><ul><li>French and English are used as a lingua franca - a common language </li></ul><ul><li>Swahili is another major language </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Arts <ul><li>Usually focused on traditional religious beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Wood carved masks </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Drum rhythms </li></ul><ul><li>Roots of Jazz and Blues comes from Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Oral literature is chanted or sung-oral tradition </li></ul>
  8. 12. Education <ul><li>60 percent of people 15 and older can read or write </li></ul><ul><li>Urban areas are more literate </li></ul><ul><li>Many use televisions as learning tools </li></ul>
  9. 13. Health Care <ul><li>Making advances in health care </li></ul><ul><li>Famine, poor nutrition contribute to infant mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Impure water – 1/3 of rural Africans have clean water </li></ul><ul><li>¼ of rural Africans live where there is adequate sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria is widespread – carried by mosquitos </li></ul>
  10. 14. A.I.D.S <ul><li>Epidemic proportions in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>A child is more likely to die in Zimbabwe of AIDS than anything else </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments and medication is too expensive for most Africans and governments </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially disastrous for populations of some countries </li></ul>
  11. 15. AIDS cuts African life expectancies Zimbabwe: from 65 to 39 years Bostwana: 62 to 40 Burkina Faso: 55 to 46 Burundi: 55 to 46 Cameroon: 59 to 51 Central African Republic: 56 to 49 Republic of Congo: 57 to 47 Congo: 54 to 49 Ethiopia: 51 to 41 Ivory Coast: 57 to 46 Kenya: 66 to 48 Lesotho: 62 to 54 Malawi: 51 to 37 Namibia: 65 to 42 Nigeria: 58 to 54 Rwanda: 54 to 42 South Africa: 65 to 56 Swaziland: 58 to 39 Tanzania: 55 to 46 Uganda: 54 to 43 Zambia: 56 to 37 Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  12. 16. A.I.D.S. in Sub-Saharan Africa
  13. 17. What are the largest cities in Africa south of the Sahara?
  14. 18. Growing Cities <ul><li>Most cities located on coast, along rivers, or near resources </li></ul><ul><li>Developed as trading posts </li></ul><ul><li>Urban population has grown 7 times in less than 50 years </li></ul>
  15. 19. Lagos, Nigeria
  16. 20. Over 12 million people = Africa’s largest city
  17. 22. Kinshasa, Dem. Rep. of the Congo
  18. 23. 4,241,000 people
  19. 24. Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire
  20. 26. 2.8 million people
  21. 27. Cape Town, South Africa
  22. 29. 2.7 Million People
  23. 30. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  24. 31. 2.4 million people
  25. 32. Maputo, Mozambique 2.2 Million People
  26. 33. Johannesburg, South Africa
  27. 35. 2.2 million people
  28. 36. Nairobi, Kenya
  29. 37. 2.1 million people
  30. 38. The End

×