Human-Environment Interaction Africa South of the Sahara How would your life be different if you lived in Sub-Saharan Afri...
Standard 7.4.1 <ul><li>Describe the major modern day industries and economic challenges (Agriculture, reliance on export o...
Your Goal <ul><li>To be able to list the major industries </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to explain causes of Africa’s econo...
KWL <ul><li>Let’s review what we have learned about Africa south of the Sahara so far </li></ul>What have you learned abou...
KWL <ul><li>Let’s review what we have learned about Africa south of the Sahara so far </li></ul><ul><li>Lingering effects ...
Make a Prediction <ul><li>Based on the next two slides, make a prediction about the types of industries and economic chall...
 
 
Directions  <ul><li>Divide your page in two columns as shown here.  You will take notes in the appropriate space. </li></u...
Industry: Agriculture <ul><li>Main economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of working population </li></ul><ul><li>-  Subs...
Subsistence farming <ul><li>Small scale </li></ul><ul><li>Whose needs might this meet? </li></ul><ul><li>What might be adv...
Shifting farming <ul><li>Farmers move every 1-3 years for better soil - slash and burn </li></ul><ul><li>Why might some pe...
Commercial Farming <ul><li>Small percentage - many foreign owned </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on cash crops for export - cacao,...
Check for Understanding  <ul><li>Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Subsistence farming </li></ul>
Challenges: Agriculture <ul><li>Land use conflict between small and  </li></ul><ul><li>Armed conflicts halt food productio...
Industry: Logging <ul><li>10% of world’s lumber </li></ul><ul><li>Alarming rate of deforestation - farmland and valuable w...
 
Industry: Fishing <ul><li>Very few commercial fishers </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow continental shelf  </li></ul><ul><li>West c...
Industry: Mining <ul><li>South Africa - world’s largest gold producer </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds, coal, platinum, chromium...
Challenges: Mining <ul><li>Foreign investors reap most benefit from mines </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven distribution of mineral...
Review <ul><li>Rewrite details for each of the three economic activities you have learned about so far in the diagram abov...
 
Industry: Manufacturing <ul><li>Small % of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial expansion began in 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Pro...
Challenge: Industrialization <ul><li>Many countries never developed manufacturing industries - Why?? </li></ul><ul><li>Mos...
What Other Challenges? <ul><li>Think about the film  Hotel Rwanda.   Based on what you saw in the film, what economic chal...
Practice!  <ul><li>Read “Transportation and Commerce” on page 541 with a partner </li></ul><ul><li>List improvements chall...
Review <ul><li>Complete the chart by rewriting key points onto the remaining boxes.   </li></ul>
So what have we learned so far? Economic Challenges Modern Day Industries
QUIZ TIME On a separate sheet of paper, write the letter of the correct answer for each question
Quiz <ul><li>1.  Most of the profits from mining minerals in many African countries south of the Sahara </li></ul><ul><li>...
Quiz <ul><li>2.  Two reasons that some forests in Africa south of the Sahara are being cut down are to </li></ul><ul><li>c...
Quiz <ul><li>3.  Which of the following are major export crops from Africa south of the Sahara? </li></ul><ul><li>rice, ba...
Quiz <ul><li>4.  The primary type of farming in the  region is farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Sub...
Quiz <ul><li>5. Most known mineral deposits in the region are located </li></ul><ul><li>along the Pacific coast and south ...
Now What? <ul><li>On the left side of your notebook, write a letter to the next president of the United States.  In your l...
Beyond the Classroom <ul><li>Visit the following website and see if you can relate the problems occurring today with the i...
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Modern Day Industries and Economic Challenges in SSA

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Modern Day Industries and Economic Challenges in SSA

  1. 1. Human-Environment Interaction Africa South of the Sahara How would your life be different if you lived in Sub-Saharan Africa?
  2. 2. Standard 7.4.1 <ul><li>Describe the major modern day industries and economic challenges (Agriculture, reliance on export of raw materials ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Your Goal <ul><li>To be able to list the major industries </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to explain causes of Africa’s economic challenges </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to effect of the economic activity on the lives of the people in Africa </li></ul>
  4. 4. KWL <ul><li>Let’s review what we have learned about Africa south of the Sahara so far </li></ul>What have you learned about modern day industries and economic challenges? What would you like to learn regarding modern day industries or economic challenges? What do you already know about Africa in the modern day?
  5. 5. KWL <ul><li>Let’s review what we have learned about Africa south of the Sahara so far </li></ul><ul><li>Lingering effects of imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>High birth/death rates </li></ul><ul><li>Less developed countries </li></ul>What have you learned about modern day industries and economic challenges? What would you like to learn regarding modern day industries or economic challenges? What do you already know about Africa in the modern day?
  6. 6. Make a Prediction <ul><li>Based on the next two slides, make a prediction about the types of industries and economic challenges in the region. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Directions <ul><li>Divide your page in two columns as shown here. You will take notes in the appropriate space. </li></ul>Economic Challenges Modern Day Industries
  8. 10. Industry: Agriculture <ul><li>Main economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of working population </li></ul><ul><li>- Subsistence farming </li></ul><ul><li>- Shifting farming </li></ul><ul><li>- Commercial farming </li></ul>
  9. 11. Subsistence farming <ul><li>Small scale </li></ul><ul><li>Whose needs might this meet? </li></ul><ul><li>What might be advantages? </li></ul><ul><li>What are disadvantages? </li></ul>Back to Previous
  10. 12. Shifting farming <ul><li>Farmers move every 1-3 years for better soil - slash and burn </li></ul><ul><li>Why might some people choose this? </li></ul><ul><li>What might be disadvantages? </li></ul>Back to Previous
  11. 13. Commercial Farming <ul><li>Small percentage - many foreign owned </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on cash crops for export - cacao, coffee and peanuts </li></ul><ul><li>What are advantages? Disadvantages? </li></ul>
  12. 14. Check for Understanding <ul><li>Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Subsistence farming </li></ul>
  13. 15. Challenges: Agriculture <ul><li>Land use conflict between small and </li></ul><ul><li>Armed conflicts halt food production </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Read “Meeting Challenges” on page 539 and identify 3 more challenges </li></ul>
  14. 16. Industry: Logging <ul><li>10% of world’s lumber </li></ul><ul><li>Alarming rate of deforestation - farmland and valuable wood </li></ul><ul><li>Watch Video </li></ul><ul><li>What challenges do countries with rain forests face? </li></ul>
  15. 18. Industry: Fishing <ul><li>Very few commercial fishers </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow continental shelf </li></ul><ul><li>West coast - richest fishing ground in region </li></ul><ul><li> Read article on Challenges in fishing industry </li></ul>
  16. 19. Industry: Mining <ul><li>South Africa - world’s largest gold producer </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds, coal, platinum, chromium </li></ul>
  17. 20. Challenges: Mining <ul><li>Foreign investors reap most benefit from mines </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven distribution of mineral resources </li></ul><ul><li>Most resources along equator and Atlantic coast </li></ul>
  18. 21. Review <ul><li>Rewrite details for each of the three economic activities you have learned about so far in the diagram above. </li></ul>
  19. 23. Industry: Manufacturing <ul><li>Small % of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial expansion began in 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Process food </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Leather products </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly plants (airplanes, cars, motors) </li></ul>
  20. 24. Challenge: Industrialization <ul><li>Many countries never developed manufacturing industries - Why?? </li></ul><ul><li>Most countries act as suppliers of raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>Power shortages </li></ul>
  21. 25. What Other Challenges? <ul><li>Think about the film Hotel Rwanda. Based on what you saw in the film, what economic challenges are caused by armed conflicts? </li></ul>
  22. 26. Practice! <ul><li>Read “Transportation and Commerce” on page 541 with a partner </li></ul><ul><li>List improvements challenges in those industries on your notes </li></ul>
  23. 27. Review <ul><li>Complete the chart by rewriting key points onto the remaining boxes. </li></ul>
  24. 28. So what have we learned so far? Economic Challenges Modern Day Industries
  25. 29. QUIZ TIME On a separate sheet of paper, write the letter of the correct answer for each question
  26. 30. Quiz <ul><li>1. Most of the profits from mining minerals in many African countries south of the Sahara </li></ul><ul><li>go to the workers in those countries </li></ul><ul><li>are erased by the enormous costs of doing business. </li></ul><ul><li>go to foreign investors and corporations </li></ul><ul><li>turn nations that once were poor into wealthy nations. </li></ul>
  27. 31. Quiz <ul><li>2. Two reasons that some forests in Africa south of the Sahara are being cut down are to </li></ul><ul><li>clear land for industrial uses and to harvest valuable wood </li></ul><ul><li>open up land for housing developments and to provide fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>clear land for farms and to harvest valuable wood </li></ul><ul><li>provide habitat for animals and to provide fuel. </li></ul>
  28. 32. Quiz <ul><li>3. Which of the following are major export crops from Africa south of the Sahara? </li></ul><ul><li>rice, bananas, and wheat </li></ul><ul><li>grapes, oranges, and corn </li></ul><ul><li>pineapple, sugar, and barley </li></ul><ul><li>cacao, coffee, and peanuts </li></ul>
  29. 33. Quiz <ul><li>4. The primary type of farming in the region is farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Subsistence </li></ul><ul><li>conservation </li></ul><ul><li>communal </li></ul>
  30. 34. Quiz <ul><li>5. Most known mineral deposits in the region are located </li></ul><ul><li>along the Pacific coast and south of the Equator. </li></ul><ul><li>along the Pacific coast and north of the Equator. </li></ul><ul><li>along the Atlantic coast and south of the Equator. </li></ul><ul><li>along the Atlantic coast and north of the Equator. </li></ul>
  31. 35. Now What? <ul><li>On the left side of your notebook, write a letter to the next president of the United States. In your letter, explain the challenges facing African nations south of the Sahara. Then, advise the president of how the U.S. may be able to help countries address those challenges. </li></ul>
  32. 36. Beyond the Classroom <ul><li>Visit the following website and see if you can relate the problems occurring today with the information you have learned in this presentation. Click on the logo below </li></ul>http://www. savedarfur .org

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