Chapter 03 ap

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Chapter 03 ap

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Review Early African Societies and Bantu Migrations
  2. 2. Key Features of Early African Societies <ul><li>Centralized political authority - absolute ruler (pharaoh in Egypt; person of the king in Kush) </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialist expansion – Palestine, Syria, North Africa, South into Nubia) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly stratified patriarchies </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural based economies </li></ul><ul><li>Development of industries, transportation, trade network </li></ul><ul><li>Writing systems – hieroglyphics </li></ul><ul><li>Organized religions </li></ul>
  3. 3. State Cause – Annual flooding of the Nile River was predictable Effect – irrigation developed the need for government organization
  4. 4. Trade Networks
  5. 5. Pharaoh <ul><li>Living incarnation of sun god </li></ul><ul><li>Menes was 1 st Pharaoh to unite Upper and Lower Egypt (3100 BCE) </li></ul><ul><li>Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>New Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Falls around 900 BCE </li></ul>
  6. 8. Culture
  7. 13. Study Questions <ul><li>How did Egyptian religious beliefs reflect their society? </li></ul><ul><li>How did climatic change influence development of African cultures </li></ul><ul><li>How did the institution of the Pharaoh evolve? </li></ul>

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