England wanted to expand the 13 colonies and began taking over more land. In the 1750s a war broke out between England and France for control over land Ohio River Valley and claim to the North American continent.
Native Americans in the area decided to join up with the French to help fight England under the belief that France would help them protect their land. Plus the French traders often treated the Native Americans with more respect.
In order to end the war Britain (England) and France got together to sign an agreement called a treaty. The treaty that ended the French and Indian War was called the Treaty of Paris.
One of the most controversial parts of the treaty (agreement) was that England would not allow the colonists to move past the Appalachian Mountains and take more Indian land. This law that stopped the colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains was called the Proclamation Line of 1763.
King George began to create ridiculous taxes that the colonists would have to pay.
The idea was that this tax money was going to go back to England to help it recover some of the money lost during the French and Indian War. The colonists quickly grew very angry about the taxes they were now being forced to pay.
The colonists believed they should have a say in the taxes they were being forced to pay. However, there was no one in the English Parliament (government) that was there as a representative for the colonies. It wasn’t fair, so the colonists would shout…
King George got very upset when he found out the colonists were refusing to pay the paper taxes created by the Stamp Act. The King and British parliament said, “ fine then, we will make you pay a new set of taxes called the Townshend Acts. Now under the Townshend Acts you will have to pay a tax on paper, glass, lead ANNNND tea!!!!”
The colonists got even more upset and refused to pay!!!
The colonists got so upset about the British taxes there were several stories about the colonists grabbing tax collectors dumping hot tar on them and then pour boiling hot tea down their throat. TARING THE TAX COLLECTORS
No Taxation without Representation We were just doing our job Mother! Look at those stupid tax collectors!
A group of young men and dockworkers, one of whom was a African-American man name Crispus Attucks, began arguing in the streets with a group of English soldiers. A fight broke out, and the soldiers began firing into the crowd. Attucks and four other laborers were killed.
People began calling the shooting of 5 people a massacre. This incident became a tool for anti-British propaganda.
The most famous of these protests against the tea tax was the Boston Tea Party. During the Boston Tea Party colonists dressed as Indians and boarded the ships that contained boxes of tea. They then tossed the crates into the Boston harbor.
Colonists from 12 of the colonies held a meeting anyway in Philadelphia (This meeting was the First Continental Congress Meeting). They wanted to stay loyal to the King of England. They decided to send a letter to him asking him to end the tax on tea.
The King refused to read the letter and responded by sending ships full of English soldiers to Boston.
Lets Send King George III a Letter asking him to stop taxing us
NEVER!! You need to be punished for your actions.. I’m sending soldiers!!! Letter from the 1 st continental Congress
There were several patriots in the colonies. A patriot was colonist who wanted independence freedom) from England. A famous patriot was named Paul Revere. Revere was willing to risk his life to fight against England for freedom.
As the redcoats headed to Concord, Massachusetts Paul Revere and another rider mounted their horses. They then rode as fast as they could toward Lexington and Concord Massachusetts yelling “The British are coming!! The British are coming!!!”
Paul Revere was able to wake up enough of the colonial minutemen so they would be prepared to fight.