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Chapter 5 Section 2


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Chapter 5 Section 2

  1. 2. <ul><li>Fighting between colonists and Native Americans continued long after the defeat of the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Pontiacs War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pontiac forms alliance with many western Native Americans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Native Americans destroy 6 forts and kill 2000 backcountry settlers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists react and kill Native Americans who had not attacked them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British armies defeat Pontiac’s forces near Fort Pitt. Pontiac continued to fight, but essentially the war was over. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The Proclamation of 1763 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This proclamation banned colonial settlements west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlers were told to move east of that line. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The proclamation angered many colonists who believed they had the right to settle wherever they wanted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely ignored by colonists and impossible to enforce by British. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain maintained a corps of 10,000 troops to enforce this proclamation. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The French & Indian War had put Britain in great debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain believed that colonists should pay some of the debt for the war and continued cost of keeping soldiers in the colonies for protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists expected Britain to be grateful for their service and also expected a minimum rise in taxes. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Watch the colonial people shift identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From British Citizens loyal to Britain and their colony to increasingly identifying with other colonies and moving away from Britain. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Sugar Act - 1764 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Import tax on several products, including molasses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called for harsh punishment of smugglers (remember the Navigations Acts) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>The Quartering Act – 1765 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A money saving act by Britain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This act required colonists to house and feed British troops. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists complained that this violated their rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See 3 rd Amendment </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Required colonists to buy stamps on certain printed documents </li></ul><ul><li>Protest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Legislature passes law that states only it has the right to tax Virginia colonists. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many colonies organize a boycott of British goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Stamp Act congress develops a petition to end the Sugar and Stamp Acts. (Notice they’re working together!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The battle cry of the colonists was “NO taxation without representation (in the Parliament)!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See Article 1, Section 1 of Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The protests work as the British parliament repealed the stamp act. </li></ul><ul><li>To show power and authority the British parliament passed the Declaratory Act which gave the parliament total authority over the colonies. (a joke) </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>With the repeal of the Stamp Act the Parliament had to come up with new ways tax the colonies without angering them. </li></ul><ul><li>Townshend Acts – 1767 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain would no longer tax goods in the colonies, but only products brought into the colonies (imports). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A system was set up in which officials could find illegal goods. (Writs of Assistance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See 4th Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakened the colonies assemblies if they resisted Parliament law. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Immediately the colonists began to protest the Townshend Acts by boycotting British goods. </li></ul><ul><li>The protests work because British merchants and manufacturers put pressure on Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>The Parliament responds by removing all the taxes from the Townshend Act except the tax on tea, which was left to to show the colonists who was in charge. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Boston Massacre – 1770 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry mob of workers surround small group of British soldiers and began to throw rocks and snowballs at them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers respond with firing into the crowd, killing 5 and wounding 6. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting trial of soldiers (see pg 149 in text) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right to lawyer and trial by jury, see 5 th Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Committees of Correspondence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders in the colonies saw a need to keep in closer contact with people in other colonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel Adams begins a Committee of Correspondence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The aim of this organization was to keep colonists informed on British Actions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Committees immediately sprung up all over the colonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters & pamphlets spread the alarm whenever unpopular acts were passed by Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the Press, see 1 st Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul>