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Causes of American Revolution


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Causes of American Revolution

  1. 1. Proclamation of 1763Sugar ActStamp ActTownshend Act Boston MassacreBoston Tea PartyIntolerable Acts Quiz Standards
  2. 2. French and Indian War 1750 – France and Great Britain were the two most powerful European nations east of the Mississippi river. Unfortunately these two countries hated each other! By 1754 the tensions between these two countries resulted in the French and Indian War (aka Seven Years War).
  3. 3. French and Indian War The American colonists, along with the British fought against the French and their Native American allies. After years of fighting, the French lost the war and signed the Treaty of Paris 1763 officially ending the war. This document stated that the French would give up all its land in Canada and east of the Mississippi river. Britain also gained Florida from the Spanish.
  4. 4. Land divisions prior to war.
  5. 5. Land division after the war
  6. 6. Effects of the war onGeorgia Initially the war had beneficial effects on the Georgia colony. Georgia territory grew, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. Since Great Britain received Florida from Spain, Georgia no longer had to worry about a Spanish threat from Florida in the south. Yet the French and Indian War did leave Great Britain in a great amount of debt. Great Britain believed the colonists should help pay for the war debt.This debt would lead to tensions between the colonies and Great Britain.
  7. 7. Proclamation of 1763  The Proclamation of 1763, signed by King George III of England, prohibited any English settlement west of the Appalachian mountains.  It required those already settled in those regions to return east in an attempt to ease tensions with Native Americans. ColonistResponse
  8. 8. Response of Proclamation of1763 Colonists resented not being able to settle west of the Proclamation line, especially in places like the Ohio Valley With the French removed, they believed it their right to settle in the acquired land. Click picture to read the Real Proclamation!! Watch out it’s wordy!
  9. 9. Sugar Act of 1765•The Sugar Act was passed byParliament to pay for the war debtbrought on by the French andIndian War and to help pay for theexpenses of running the coloniesand newly acquired territories.•This act increased the duties onimported sugar and other itemssuch as textiles, coffee, winesand indigo (dye).
  10. 10. Stamp Act of 1765  In March, the Stamp Act was passed by Parliament imposing the first direct tax on the American colonies, to offset the high costs of the British military organization in America. Thus for the first time in the 150 year old history of the British colonies in America, the Americans will pay taxes not to their own local legislatures in America, but directly to England. Next Page.
  11. 11. Stamp Act of 1765 Under the Stamp Act, all printed materials were taxed, including:  newspapers  pamphlets  bills  legal documents  licenses  almanacs  dice and playing cards. Colonist Response
  12. 12. Response to the Stamp Act The American colonists quickly united in opposition, led by the most influential segments of colonial society - lawyers, publishers, land owners, ship builders and merchants - who were most affected by the Act.
  13. 13. Response to the Stamp Act Colonists engaged in boycotts (refusing the buy British products). Sons of Liberty, (called liberty boys in GA) were established in several of the colonies (including Georgia) used violent tactics to ensure that no one bought any of the stamps and everyone stuck to the boycott. Do to the boycotts, England and their Parliament were forced to repeal the Stamp Act.
  14. 14. Sons of Liberty
  15. 15. Liberty Poles What is an effigy?
  16. 16. Townshend Acts In 1767, The English Parliament passed the Townshend Revenue Acts, imposing a new series of taxes on the colonists to pay for the costs of administering and protecting the American colonies. Items taxed included imports such as paper, tea, glass, lead and paints. The Act also established a colonial board of customs commissioners in Boston. Colonist Response
  17. 17. Letters from a Farmer The most famous response to the Townshend Acts was John Dickinson’s essays, “Letters from a Farmer,” which argued against taxing for the purpose of raising revenue.
  18. 18. Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre occurred when a mob harassed British soldiers who then fired their muskets pointblank into the crowd, killing three instantly, mortally wounding two others and injuring six. ColonistResponse
  19. 19. Boston Massacre Response The Boston Massacre was, of course, not a “massacre,” in the classic sense. Colonialist responded through propaganda and immediately capitalized on this incident, using it to fan colonial passions of seeing the British unjustly governing the colonies.
  20. 20. On the evening of December 16, 1773, agroup of men calling themselves the"Sons of Liberty" went to the BostonHarbor. The men were dressed asMohawk Indians. They boarded threeBritish ships, the Beaver, the Eleanor andthe Dartmouth, and dumped forty-fivetons of tea into the Boston Harbor. Colonist Response
  21. 21. Boston Tea Party  The Boston Tea Party was a direct response from colonists who opposed tea which was taxed by someone other than their own representatives.
  22. 22. Intolerable Acts The Intolerable Acts (or Coercive Acts) were a series of laws sponsored by British Prime Minister Lord North and enacted in 1774 in response to the Boston Tea Party. The laws were these:  Boston Port Act  Quartering Act  Quebec Act  Massachusetts Bay Regulating Act  Impartial Administration of Justice Act Colonist Response
  23. 23. Boston Port Act Closed the port of Boston in 1774 until the price of the dumped tea was recovered, moved the capital of Massachusetts to Salem, and made Marblehead the official port of entry for the Massachusetts colony Intolerable Acts
  24. 24. Quartering Act Allowed royal troops to stay in houses or empty buildings if barracks were not available Intolerable Acts
  25. 25. Quebec Act Granted civil government and religious freedom to Catholics living in Quebec Intolerable Acts
  26. 26. Massachusetts Regulating Act Made all law officers subject to appointment by the royal governor and banned all town meetings that didnt have approval of the royal governor Intolerable Acts
  27. 27. Impartial Administration of Justice Act Allowed the royal governor of a colony to move trials to other colonies or even to England if he feared that juries in those colonies wouldnt judge a case fairly Intolerable Acts
  28. 28. Response to the Intolerable Acts These were by far the harshest of the acts passed. Those living in Boston and Massachusetts would lose money from the Boston Port Act, be forced to provide housing to soldiers through the Quartering Act, and be denied some of the same freedoms other colonists received through the Quebec Act. The colonists called for a convention.
  29. 29. Declaration ofIndependence In April 1775, Colonists and “redcoats” (nickname given to the British Soldiers) fired the first shots of the American Revolution at Lexington and Concord. Resulted in the colonists establishing the second continental congress. During their meeting they Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence outlining the colonists reasons for separation from Great Britain.
  30. 30. Declaration ofIndependence Georgia hesitantly sent three delegates to the second continental congress. The three Georgia delegates who signed the Declaration of Independence were…- Lyman Hall – First delegate sent.- Button Gwinnett- George Walton – Youngest delegate to sign.
  31. 31. Georgia Delegates Lyman Hall Button Gwinnett George Walton
  32. 32. Select A Question:Q. 1 Q. 5 Q. 9Q. 2 Q. 6 Q. 10Q. 3 Q. 7Q. 4 Q. 8
  33. 33. Causes for American Revolution Quiz Question 1: This document prohibited any English settlement west of the Appalachian mountains. A) The Intolerable Acts B) The Proclamation of 1763 C)The Townshend Acts D) The Declaratory ActBack to Quiz Main Page
  34. 34. Causes for American Revolution QuizQuestion 2:Which two colonial powers fought one another forcontrol of North America during the French andIndian War?A) France and SpainB) England and SpainC)England and FranceD)England and Great BritainBack to Quiz Main Page
  35. 35. Causes for American Revolution QuizQuestion 3:What was significant about Lyman Hall, Button Gwinnett,and George Walton?A) They each represented Georgia at the Stamp Act CongressB) They each represented Georgia at the First Continental CongressC) They each signed the Declaration of Independence on behalf of GeorgiaD) They each went to Philadelphia as unofficial representatives to the Second Continental Congress Back to Quiz Main Page
  36. 36. Causes for American Revolution Quiz Question 4: Who signed the Proclamation of 1763 into law? A) Lord Townshend B) English Parliament C)King George III D)Lord GrenvilleBack to Quiz Main Page
  37. 37. Causes for American Revolution Quiz Question 5: What was the British response to the Boston Tea Party? A) The Intolerable Acts B) The Stamp Act C)The Townshend Acts D)The Proclamation of 1763Back to Quiz Main Page
  38. 38. Causes for American Revolution QuizQuestion 6:What do many of the British Acts have in common?A) They tax American colonists.B) They take away colonists’ freedoms.C)They seek to pay for costs related to paying for the French and Indian War.D)All are correct.Back to Quiz Main Page
  39. 39. Causes for American Revolution Quiz Question 7: What were the colonists protesting at the Boston Tea Party? A) Tea from the East Indies B) Unfair price increase on tea C)Tea which was taxed D)Tea which was taxed by someone other than the colonists’ representativesBack to Quiz Main Page
  40. 40. Causes for American Revolution Quiz Question 8: What items were taxed under the Stamp Act? A) All printed materials B) Newspapers and pamphlets C)Newspapers only D)Letters onlyBack to Quiz Main Page
  41. 41. Causes for American Revolution QuizQuestion 9:Which act was the first direct act passed whichrequired colonists to pay tax to someone other thantheir own legislatures?A) Quartering ActB) Coercive ActC)Sugar ActD)Stamp ActBack to Quiz Main Page
  42. 42. Causes for American Revolution QuizQuestion 10:This act required colonists to house and feedsoldiers?A) Quartering ActB) Townshend ActC)Intolerable ActD)Sugar ActBack to Quiz Main Page
  43. 43. Continue to the Next QuestionBack to Quiz Main Page
  44. 44. Re-read the material and a select a new answer.Back to Quiz Main Page
  45. 45. Core Content Standards S.S.-0805.2.2  Students will explain and give examples of how the ideals of equality and personal liberty (rise of individual rights, economic freedom, religious diversity) that developed during the colonial period, were motivations for the American Revolution and proved instrumental in the development of a new nation.