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Chapter 5
The Road to Freedom
The Road to
 Freedom
  1750-1776
Why do we
celebrate July
    4th?
VOCABULARY FOR THIS CHAPTER

 independence

 tax

 Parliament

 repealed

 imported

 boycotted

 commander
VOCABULARY GUIDE
                 Independence is freedom from someone else's
independence                    control or r...
Every year on July 4th we celebrate
       independence day.
July 4, 1776 is an important day for
             America.
On July 4th, 1776, the colonists announced
that they wanted independence, or freedom,
             from Great Britain.
They decided it was time to rule
         themselves.
Over the years Great Britain was not fair
to the colonists. Colonists were angry.
Why did the
colonists want
their freedom?
Why did the
colonists need a war
 for their freedom?
France had colonies in Canada and
   along the Mississippi River.
The French and Indian War




     http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=dn7UHJLcPp4&feature=player_embedded
When the British colonists started
moving west, the French began to
             worry.
They decided to build forts to protect their
                colonies.
“But,” said the British, “some of
these forts are built on British Land.”
France and Great Britain began a war that
       lasted from 1754 to 1763.
In the beginning, the war did not go well
             for the British.
The French had many American Indians
        fighting on their side.
The American Indians didn’t want the
British colonists to move farther west.
The British government finally sent more
       soldiers and won the war.
In 1763, France and Great Britain agreed
             to have peace.
As a result, Canada and all of North
America east of the Mississippi River
  now belonged to Great Britain.
New Problems


Britain
Great Britain won the French and Indian
War but it cost the British a lot of money.
They felt that the colonists should help pay
                  the bills.
Britain decided that the colonists
 would have to pay tax on sugar,
   molasses, and other goods.
Britain decided that the colonists
 would have to pay tax on sugar,
   molasses, and other goods.
Britain decided that the colonists
 would have to pay tax on sugar,
   molasses, and other goods.
A tax is money that people pay for
       government services.
Parliament is the lawmaking group in
              England.
In 1765, it passed a law called the Stamp
                  Act.
This law made the colonists buy special
stamps for certain goods they bought.
The money was used to pay British soldiers
           in the colonies.
How did colonists feel about the stamp act?
The colonies were already paying taxes to
   the governments of their colonies.
But the Stamp Act was voted for by the
     Parliament in Great Britain.
There were no colonists in the Parliament.
No one represented the colonists there.
Many colonists spoke out against the Stamp
                  Act.
These colonists called themselves the Sons
       and Daughters of Liberty.
England soon repealed or removed the Stamp
   Act because of what the colonists said.
Two years later, Parliament
  passed another law.
This law taxed many things that the
colonists imported, or bought from
          another country.
Many colonists boycotted, or stopped
       buying, those things.
The colonists hoped the boycott
would make Parliament stop taxing
          those goods.
The British sent troops to see that the taxes
                 were paid.
The colonists did not want soldiers in their
                  homes.
The Boston Massacre
Who fought in
 the Boston
 Massacre?
The British soldiers and American
colonists did not like each other.
Sometimes they fought but no one was hurt
           until March 1770.
A boy and a British soldier in Boston got
           into an argument.
The soldier knocked the boy down and an
  angry crowd surrounded the soldier.
Other soldiers ran to help him.


   Someone yelled, “Fire!”


The soldiers got scared and fired
        into the crowd.
Five colonist were killed.
These killings came to be called the
         Boston Massacre
The colonists were very angry.
Some colonists passed out
   small booklets called
pamphlets to people in other
         colonies.
The pamphlets explained how unfair the
   British were to Boston colonists.
Some of the pamphlets were not true.
Colonist lied. They wanted other colonists to
          get mad at the British too.
The Boston Tea
     Party
After the Boston Massacre the Parliament
 decided to end all taxes except for tea.
People all over the colonies refused to pay
                  this tax.
They stopped buying and drinking tea.
Then, on the night of December
 16, 1773, a group of colonists
boarded a British ship in Boston
Harbor. They dressed as in...
They dumped more than 300 chests of tea
         into the the water.
The Boston Tea Party was a protest against
              the tea tax.
The “tea party” made the British very
angry. They wanted the colonists to pay for
             the ruined tea.
Parliament then passed laws that
       hurt the colonists.
One law closed Boston harbor.
No ships could come or go from
          the harbor.
Another law said that British soldiers could
     live in the homes of colonists.
They laws made colonists upset. They started thinking
 about how they could break away from Great Britain.
They wanted to start their own country.
They then thought about how they could
 do this. They realized they must fight!
Events that Led
  to the War
In September 1774, some colonial leaders
          met in Philadelphia.
This meeting was called the First Continental Congress.
The leaders decided to write to the British king to ask him
      ...
At the same time of the letter to the king
   colonist in Boston planned to protect
                themselves.



       ...
The British soldiers in Boston heard that the colonists
  were storing gunpowder in the town of Concord.
On April 18, 1775, British soldiers left
    Boston to get the gunpowder.
Two colonists, Paul Revere and William
    Dawes, secretly left Boston on
  horseback to warn the Minutemen.
When the British arrived in Lexington on their
way to Concord, the Minutemen were waiting
                  for them
The first shots of the American Revolution
The Brittish pushed on to Concord, but
The colonists had taken it away
As the British marched back to Boston,
The Call of
Independence
All the colonies learned about what
happened at Lexington and Concord.
Two months later there was another battle.
  It was called the Battle of Bunker Hill.
The Colonists who fought were not
professional soldiers like the British.
They were mostly farmers who did not have
           any army training.
At the Battle of Bunker Hill, the colonists fought
 bravely against the British until they ran out of
                   g...
The British won but the colonists fought
              very hard.
The colonists had killed almost half of the
British soldiers who fought during the battle.
In Philadelphia, the second Continental
      Congress met in May 1755,
They decided the colonists needed a
          regular army.
The congress had to figure out how to train
    soldiers and pay for war supplies.
They made George Washington the commander, or leader,
            or the new continental Army.
A year later the leaders of the Continental Congress asked
    Thomas Jefferson and others to write a statement.
This was to declare, or tell, that the colonies were breaking
        away from Great Britain, and explain why.
It told Great Britain that the colonies
wanted to become their own country.
It was called the Declaration of
        Independence.
The declaration was read aloud to the
     colonists on July 4, 1776.
Until the Declaration of Independence was written, not all colonists were sure
they wanted independence. Some just wanted ...
In early 1776, a colonist
named Thomas Paine wrote
a pamphlet called Common
   Sense. It explained why
reasons the colonis...
The Declaration of Independence has become one of the
 most important statements in the world. It is about the
    rights ...
One of its most famous lines states that everyone should have
  the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
VOCABULARY GUIDE
                 Independence is freedom from someone else's
independence                    control or r...
.
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History of Our Country

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Chapter 5

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History of Our Country

  1. 1. Chapter 5 The Road to Freedom
  2. 2. The Road to Freedom 1750-1776
  3. 3. Why do we celebrate July 4th?
  4. 4. VOCABULARY FOR THIS CHAPTER independence tax Parliament repealed imported boycotted commander
  5. 5. VOCABULARY GUIDE Independence is freedom from someone else's independence control or rules. A tax is money that people pay for government tax services. Parliament Parliament is the lawmaking group in England repealed A repeal is the removal or reversal of a law An import is any good brought in from one country imported to another country A boycott is when you stop using or buying boycotted something. commander a commander is a military leader
  6. 6. Every year on July 4th we celebrate independence day.
  7. 7. July 4, 1776 is an important day for America.
  8. 8. On July 4th, 1776, the colonists announced that they wanted independence, or freedom, from Great Britain.
  9. 9. They decided it was time to rule themselves.
  10. 10. Over the years Great Britain was not fair to the colonists. Colonists were angry.
  11. 11. Why did the colonists want their freedom?
  12. 12. Why did the colonists need a war for their freedom?
  13. 13. France had colonies in Canada and along the Mississippi River.
  14. 14. The French and Indian War http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=dn7UHJLcPp4&feature=player_embedded
  15. 15. When the British colonists started moving west, the French began to worry.
  16. 16. They decided to build forts to protect their colonies.
  17. 17. “But,” said the British, “some of these forts are built on British Land.”
  18. 18. France and Great Britain began a war that lasted from 1754 to 1763.
  19. 19. In the beginning, the war did not go well for the British.
  20. 20. The French had many American Indians fighting on their side.
  21. 21. The American Indians didn’t want the British colonists to move farther west.
  22. 22. The British government finally sent more soldiers and won the war.
  23. 23. In 1763, France and Great Britain agreed to have peace.
  24. 24. As a result, Canada and all of North America east of the Mississippi River now belonged to Great Britain.
  25. 25. New Problems Britain
  26. 26. Great Britain won the French and Indian War but it cost the British a lot of money.
  27. 27. They felt that the colonists should help pay the bills.
  28. 28. Britain decided that the colonists would have to pay tax on sugar, molasses, and other goods.
  29. 29. Britain decided that the colonists would have to pay tax on sugar, molasses, and other goods.
  30. 30. Britain decided that the colonists would have to pay tax on sugar, molasses, and other goods.
  31. 31. A tax is money that people pay for government services.
  32. 32. Parliament is the lawmaking group in England.
  33. 33. In 1765, it passed a law called the Stamp Act.
  34. 34. This law made the colonists buy special stamps for certain goods they bought.
  35. 35. The money was used to pay British soldiers in the colonies.
  36. 36. How did colonists feel about the stamp act?
  37. 37. The colonies were already paying taxes to the governments of their colonies.
  38. 38. But the Stamp Act was voted for by the Parliament in Great Britain.
  39. 39. There were no colonists in the Parliament.
  40. 40. No one represented the colonists there.
  41. 41. Many colonists spoke out against the Stamp Act.
  42. 42. These colonists called themselves the Sons and Daughters of Liberty.
  43. 43. England soon repealed or removed the Stamp Act because of what the colonists said.
  44. 44. Two years later, Parliament passed another law.
  45. 45. This law taxed many things that the colonists imported, or bought from another country.
  46. 46. Many colonists boycotted, or stopped buying, those things.
  47. 47. The colonists hoped the boycott would make Parliament stop taxing those goods.
  48. 48. The British sent troops to see that the taxes were paid.
  49. 49. The colonists did not want soldiers in their homes.
  50. 50. The Boston Massacre
  51. 51. Who fought in the Boston Massacre?
  52. 52. The British soldiers and American colonists did not like each other.
  53. 53. Sometimes they fought but no one was hurt until March 1770.
  54. 54. A boy and a British soldier in Boston got into an argument.
  55. 55. The soldier knocked the boy down and an angry crowd surrounded the soldier.
  56. 56. Other soldiers ran to help him. Someone yelled, “Fire!” The soldiers got scared and fired into the crowd.
  57. 57. Five colonist were killed.
  58. 58. These killings came to be called the Boston Massacre
  59. 59. The colonists were very angry.
  60. 60. Some colonists passed out small booklets called pamphlets to people in other colonies.
  61. 61. The pamphlets explained how unfair the British were to Boston colonists.
  62. 62. Some of the pamphlets were not true. Colonist lied. They wanted other colonists to get mad at the British too.
  63. 63. The Boston Tea Party
  64. 64. After the Boston Massacre the Parliament decided to end all taxes except for tea.
  65. 65. People all over the colonies refused to pay this tax.
  66. 66. They stopped buying and drinking tea.
  67. 67. Then, on the night of December 16, 1773, a group of colonists boarded a British ship in Boston Harbor. They dressed as indians.
  68. 68. They dumped more than 300 chests of tea into the the water.
  69. 69. The Boston Tea Party was a protest against the tea tax.
  70. 70. The “tea party” made the British very angry. They wanted the colonists to pay for the ruined tea.
  71. 71. Parliament then passed laws that hurt the colonists.
  72. 72. One law closed Boston harbor. No ships could come or go from the harbor.
  73. 73. Another law said that British soldiers could live in the homes of colonists.
  74. 74. They laws made colonists upset. They started thinking about how they could break away from Great Britain.
  75. 75. They wanted to start their own country. They then thought about how they could do this. They realized they must fight!
  76. 76. Events that Led to the War
  77. 77. In September 1774, some colonial leaders met in Philadelphia.
  78. 78. This meeting was called the First Continental Congress. The leaders decided to write to the British king to ask him to change tax laws.
  79. 79. At the same time of the letter to the king colonist in Boston planned to protect themselves. Minutemen could be ready at a minute’s notice . An army of farmers and store owners formed to fight the British. They were called Minutemen
  80. 80. The British soldiers in Boston heard that the colonists were storing gunpowder in the town of Concord.
  81. 81. On April 18, 1775, British soldiers left Boston to get the gunpowder.
  82. 82. Two colonists, Paul Revere and William Dawes, secretly left Boston on horseback to warn the Minutemen.
  83. 83. When the British arrived in Lexington on their way to Concord, the Minutemen were waiting for them
  84. 84. The first shots of the American Revolution
  85. 85. The Brittish pushed on to Concord, but
  86. 86. The colonists had taken it away
  87. 87. As the British marched back to Boston,
  88. 88. The Call of Independence
  89. 89. All the colonies learned about what happened at Lexington and Concord.
  90. 90. Two months later there was another battle. It was called the Battle of Bunker Hill.
  91. 91. The Colonists who fought were not professional soldiers like the British.
  92. 92. They were mostly farmers who did not have any army training.
  93. 93. At the Battle of Bunker Hill, the colonists fought bravely against the British until they ran out of gunpowder.
  94. 94. The British won but the colonists fought very hard.
  95. 95. The colonists had killed almost half of the British soldiers who fought during the battle.
  96. 96. In Philadelphia, the second Continental Congress met in May 1755,
  97. 97. They decided the colonists needed a regular army.
  98. 98. The congress had to figure out how to train soldiers and pay for war supplies.
  99. 99. They made George Washington the commander, or leader, or the new continental Army.
  100. 100. A year later the leaders of the Continental Congress asked Thomas Jefferson and others to write a statement.
  101. 101. This was to declare, or tell, that the colonies were breaking away from Great Britain, and explain why.
  102. 102. It told Great Britain that the colonies wanted to become their own country.
  103. 103. It was called the Declaration of Independence.
  104. 104. The declaration was read aloud to the colonists on July 4, 1776.
  105. 105. Until the Declaration of Independence was written, not all colonists were sure they wanted independence. Some just wanted the British to stop making laws that were unfair to the colonies.
  106. 106. In early 1776, a colonist named Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense. It explained why reasons the colonists should fight for independence. Many colonists agreed with Thomas Paine.
  107. 107. The Declaration of Independence has become one of the most important statements in the world. It is about the rights and freedoms that all people should have.
  108. 108. One of its most famous lines states that everyone should have the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
  109. 109. VOCABULARY GUIDE Independence is freedom from someone else's independence control or rules. A tax is money that people pay for government tax services. Parliament Parliament is the lawmaking group in England repealed A repeal is the removal or reversal of a law An import is any good brought in from one country imported to another country A boycott is when you stop using or buying boycotted something. commander a commander is a military leader
  110. 110. .

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