PEMBELAJARAN BERASASKAN ELEKTRONIK DAN WEB
KPT 6044

TUGASAN 4
PEMBACAAN DAN PENILAIAN KENDIRI MERUJUK TEKS
CHAPTER 3
INTE...
INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY AND MEDIA INTO INSTRUCTION : THE ASSURE
MODEL
Question 1
What are the primary types of criteria use...
Competencies and Identify the suitable Learning Style according to their characteristics. Further
explanation is presented...
4

Learning Style

This is a description of the learning stylistics
preferences of the individual members of the
class. It...
How to achieve ? and What is minimum level of achievement ? Or it can be presented in ABCD
format which are consist of :
1...
which is include time limit, range of accuracy, proportion of correct responses required and
qualitative standards.
Beside...
1. In order to get each learner actively and individually involved in the lesson,
teachers can use the teaching method suc...
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Tugasan4 penilaian kendiri

  1. 1. PEMBELAJARAN BERASASKAN ELEKTRONIK DAN WEB KPT 6044 TUGASAN 4 PEMBACAAN DAN PENILAIAN KENDIRI MERUJUK TEKS CHAPTER 3 INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY AND MEDIA INTO INSTRUCTION : THE ASSURE MODEL DISEDIAKAN OLEH; MOHD NUSI BIN SIBULAH M20121000786 PENSYARAH; PROF MADYA DATO’ DR. ABD LATIF B HJ GHAPOR CHAPTER THREE 1
  2. 2. INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY AND MEDIA INTO INSTRUCTION : THE ASSURE MODEL Question 1 What are the primary types of criteria used to analyze learners ? The ASSURE Model is an Instructional System design process that was modified to be used by teachers in the regular classroom. The process is one in which the teachers and trainers can use to design and develop the most appropriate learning environment for their students. Teachers also can use this process in writing lesson plans and in improving teaching and learning. It consist of six steps namely : 1. A – Analyze Learners 2. S – State Objectives 3. S – Select Methods, Media and Materials 4. U – Utilize Media and Materials 5. R – Require Learner Participation 6. E – Evaluate and Revise The first step is Analyze Learners. Before we can begin, we must know our target audience which is our students. We need to analyze and write down the relevant information about our students. Thus, the primary types of criteria used to analyze learners are consist of Identify Learners, Investigate their General Characteristics, Analyze their Specific Entry 2
  3. 3. Competencies and Identify the suitable Learning Style according to their characteristics. Further explanation is presented as per table below ( Figure 1.1 ). No 1 Criteria Identify Learners Explanation The first step is to specifically define the audience. We must know the learners since we are to select the best strategies to meet the objectives that we have set. It is related to the question of who are your students? While this seems to be common sense, but this step is important to mention because keeping our students in mind will help to ensure that we can work diligently to find materials and resources that will be most appropriate and useful to students. 2 General Characteristics This is description of the class as a whole. It includes such information as the number of students, region, grade, age, ethnic group, sex, mental, emotional, physical, social problem or socioeconomic level. It can help teachers to select the method or materials of teaching according to characteristics of their students. 3 Specific Entry Competencies This is a description of the types of knowledge expected of the learners. It is include prior knowledge, Skills and attitudes. Ask question such as Do the learners have the knowledge base required to enter the lesson ? Do the learners have the entry competencies and technical vocabulary for this lesson ? Have the learners already mastered the skills you are planning to teach ? Do the learners have biases or misconceptions about the subject ? 3
  4. 4. 4 Learning Style This is a description of the learning stylistics preferences of the individual members of the class. It can be include verbal, logical, visual, musical or structured. Students have their own learning style. Individuals learning style refer to the most appropriate and effective learning control. Knowledge of learning style can help teachers to write the lesson plan. Figure 1.1 : Types of Criteria used to analyze learners Question 2 Why are learning objectives an important aspect of lesson planning ? The learning objective is important aspect of lesson planning because objectives was indicated as learning outcomes, that is what will the student get out of the lesson. Therefore it is important to clearly and specifically state objectives of the lesson. Thus, the objectives also must be in specific. Besides, objectives statement also can help teachers in selecting the appropriate of media and teaching method to be use. Teachers may not be able to assess student achievement without the learning objectives. The objectives statement is describing on what the learner will do as a result of instruction. Things to keep in mind as we write the objectives are should focus on the learner, not the teacher, use behaviors that reflect real world concerns and also must ensure the objectives are descriptions of the learning outcomes and are written using ABCD format. In this regard, a good objective statement contains the criteria of Who is to be achieve ? What you want to achieve ? 4
  5. 5. How to achieve ? and What is minimum level of achievement ? Or it can be presented in ABCD format which are consist of : 1. A – Audience It is refer to who is the audience in which specifies the learners for whom the objective is intended. Therefore, a major premise of systematic instruction is to focus on what the learner is doing, not on what is the teacher is doing. 2. B – Behavior It is refer to what do you want them to do ? The behavior or capability needs to be demonstrated as learner performance, an observable, measurable behavior or a real – world skill. 3. C – Condition It is refer to under what circumstances or conditions are the learners to demonstrate the skill being taught ? Here, be sure to include equipment, tools, aids or references the learner may or may not use or special environmental conditions in which the learner has to perform. Therefore, a statement of objective should include the conditions under which performance is to be observed, if such conditions are relevant. 4. D – Degree The final requirement of a well – stated objectives is to indicate the standard by which acceptable performance will be judge. It is refer to how well do you want them to demonstrate their mastery ? Degree to which the new skill must be mastered or the criterion for acceptable performance 5
  6. 6. which is include time limit, range of accuracy, proportion of correct responses required and qualitative standards. Besides, learning objective is important because the selection of instructional methods and media depend on what type of objective is being pursued and so does the choice of evaluation instruments. The three domain on classification of objectives are : 1. Cognitive – Learning involves the whole array of intellectual capabilities from simple factual recall to the generation of new theories. 2. Affective – Learning involves feelings and values. Objectives in the affective domain may range from stimulating interest in a school subject to encouraging healthy social attitudes to adopting a set of ethical standards. 3. Motor Skill – Learning involves athletic, manual and other such physical skills. Objectives in the motor skill domain include capabilities ranging from simple mechanical operations to those entailing sophisticated neuromuscular coordination and strategy as in competitive sports. Question 3 Describe methods of eliciting student participation when using technology and media during instruction. The methods of eliciting student participation when using technology and media during instruction are : 6
  7. 7. 1. In order to get each learner actively and individually involved in the lesson, teachers can use the teaching method such as games, group work, presentations and so on. Our role in the classroom today is one of a guide on the side and students, especially with technology connected lessons. 2. Learners need to practice what they have learned. To ensure their participation, correct responses should be reinforced. There should be activities included in the lessons that allow learners to respond and receive feedback before any type of evaluation is administered. In - class and follow - up activities also can help learners to process the information by themselves. 3. An activity that involves students participation will produce a permanent change in behavior. The learning experience will help in maintaining the students' motivation toward learning activity. Training in the form of discussions, drills, written exercises, language games and so can improve students’ participation. 4. Preparation of media and appropriate resources can actually help and maintain students’ participation. It is include the discussion within the group which can generate ideas and problem solving activities. 7

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