Creating a research paper with citations and references


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Creating a research paper with citations and references

  1. 1. Project 2
  2. 2. The Paper Research Paper – document used to communicate the results of research findings Two main types of research papers – the information is the same in each, the format is different  Modern Language Association (MLA)  American Psychological Association (APA) This chapter covers MLA style which is also the style used here – Wilmington High School
  3. 3. MLA Style Formatting Parenthetical References – this means sources are noted with in the body of paper, not at bottom of page or at end of paper Content Notes – these are used to elaborate on points within paper or to direct reader to notes about a source: uses a superscript font to identify Works Cited page – list of sources at end of paper
  4. 4. Styles Word offers users a variety of different styles or formatting characteristics The default style in word is called Normal which used 11 pt Calibri font Styles group on Home Ribbon
  5. 5. Line & Paragraph Spacing  Line Spacing – the amount of vertical space between lines of text within a paragraph  Paragraph Spacing – the amount of space above and below a paragraph  By default word places 10 pts of space after each paragraph (this is why there looks like there is an extra space in between lines) Line SpacingParagraph Spacing
  6. 6. Header / Footer  Header – text and graphics that print at the top of each page  Footer – text and graphics that print at the bottom of each pageHeader section of page
  7. 7. Header vs. Heading A header goes at the top of a page and repeats on every page or every other page A heading is placed at the top of the first page
  8. 8. Alignment 3 main types of alignment Alignment buttons on  Left Aligned (default) (CTRL+L) home Ribbon  Center Aligned (CTRL+E)  Right Aligned (CTRL+R)
  9. 9. AutoCorrect Word autocorrect corrects many common typing, spelling, grammar, and capitalization errors as you type If a word is corrected automatically a small blue box appears: This box is the options button which gives the user options on how to handle the correction
  10. 10. Citations Citations are the in-text references that MLA style uses for sources. The full source would then be at the end of the paper on the page called Works Cited The citation buttons are located on the reference ribbon in citations and bibliography grouping
  11. 11. Footnotes / Endnotes Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page Endnotes are notes placed at the end of a document Footnotes and endnotes contain information that detail points discussed in the paper A note reference mark is used to signal the presence of a footnote or endnote  A superscript is used as the mark (ex: 1)
  12. 12. Page Breaks Soft page break – a page break that is inserted automatically by Word when one page has been filled  Sometimes called automatic page break  Causes repagination – Word decides what lines go on what page Hard Page Break – a page break that has been forced into the document by the user  Sometimes called a manual page break  Button is located on the insert ribbon in the pages group
  13. 13. Work Cited MLA style used a work cited page to list the sources that are directly referenced in the paper  This is a separate page from the paper itself APA uses bibliography – not work cited
  14. 14. Indents Regular indent – hit tab, insertion point moves .5 inches  Used at the beginning of most paragraphs in formal writing Hanging Indent – the first line of a paragraph hangs to the left of the rest of the paragraph. Ex:
  15. 15. Indents Continued  Hanging indents are set on the horizontal ruler barFirst Line Indent – by setting this to a given measurement every line will beindented when the user hits enter The hanging indent marker is the triangle pointing up. Click and drag to set at a given measurement The box below is the left indent and will move when the hanging indent is set
  16. 16. Odds and Ends Proofreading – looking for grammatical and spelling errors Clipboard – temporary storage that holds 24 items copied from any office program Copying – the process of placing items on the Office clipboard, leaving the item in the original document Cutting – removes item from document and places it on clipboard Pasting – process of copying an item from the clipboard into the destination document
  17. 17. More Odds and Ends Synonym – a word similar in meaning to the current word being used  Ex: like / enjoy Thesaurus – a book of synonums
  18. 18. That’s It Definitions and concepts are at a minimum in this chapter Please remember to read between each step as you are completing the walk through