MLA Documentation Part1


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This slidecast describes the process of documenting information sources and how that helps one avoid plagiarism.

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MLA Documentation Part1

  1. 1. MLA Documentation Part 1 Margaret Keys, MA, MLIS
  2. 2. This presentation will help you… <ul><li>Understand the process of documenting your research. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to construct an in-text citation. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the basics of creating a Works Cited page. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MLA… <ul><li>Stands for Modern Language Association </li></ul><ul><li>Is a style or format, which is a set of rules determining how to set up your paper and how to document your research sources. </li></ul>
  4. 4. We Research to… <ul><li>learn more about a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>find information that will support our ideas, especially controversial or innovative ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop research skills that will help us throughout our lives. </li></ul>
  5. 5. We Cite Sources to… <ul><li>avoid plagiarism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quoting or copying text without telling whose it is or where we found it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Putting someone else’s ideas into our own words without telling where we learned about these ideas. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>provide a map of our research for others. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Citation or Reference… <ul><li>is publication information about a </li></ul><ul><li>resource you used. Can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher and City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web address (URL) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two Kinds: short and long (complete) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Short Citation = Parenthetical <ul><li>Parenthetical, Internal, or In-text Citation </li></ul><ul><li>Contains ONLY author’s last name and the page number where you found the information you’re discussing. </li></ul><ul><li>Located throughout body of paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosed in parentheses. </li></ul><ul><li>Comes at the end of a sentence, before the period (Smith 265). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Full Citation <ul><li>Contains enough bibliographic information for your reader to locate your sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains elements such as author, title, date of publication, publisher (for a book), or volume and issue number (for a magazine). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Similar to a bibliography, except that it only lists the resources you actually referred to in your paper. </li></ul><ul><li>This list of FULL CITATIONS is arranged alphabetically by author’s last name. </li></ul><ul><li>Last page of your paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Formatted with hanging indentations ( see slide 11). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Citation Process <ul><li>Use in-text citations to acknowledge ideas or facts that you discovered during the research process. </li></ul><ul><li>When you write a sentence with an idea that’s new to you, put the author’s name and page number where you found the information at the end of your sentence (Keys 22). </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the paper, create a Works Cited page containing the full citations. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sample Works Cited <ul><li>Callahan 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>Morell, Virginia. “Bioko Primates.” National Geographic Magazine . August 2008. Web. 7 February 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Swindler, Daris R. Introduction to the Primates . Seattle: U of Washington P, 1998. Print.  </li></ul><ul><li>Tucker, Abigail. “Ethiopia’s Exotic Monkeys.” Smithsonian 40.9 (December 2009): 72-77. Print. </li></ul>
  12. 12. When to Cite : <ul><li>Cite the source of information each time you say something specific, especially if the statement involves a number or other fact. </li></ul><ul><li>Cite the first time you refer to source material in each paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Cite the source at the end of your sentence. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What to Cite: <ul><li>Information or ideas that are new to you, even if you paraphrase. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Quotes (remember to use “ “). </li></ul><ul><li>Numerical figures: dates, statistics, percentages, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Anything very specific or questionable. </li></ul><ul><li>When in doubt, cite the source. </li></ul>
  14. 14. What Not to Cite: <ul><li>Things that are common knowledge, such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freud is the father of psychoanalysis; colds are caused by viruses. Nobody disputes these claims and they are widely accepted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria is located on the African continent. Facts like this are indisputable and should be well-known. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. “ When to Cite ” Discussion: <ul><li>If you are using this PowerPoint in a classroom, right-click on the link below to visit Zayed University’s helpful scenarios on when to cite and not to cite: To Cite or Not to Cite </li></ul>
  16. 16. Part II <ul><li>Please see MLA Documentation, Part II, to learn how to incorporate citations into the text of your paper. </li></ul>