How to Write a Bibliography

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Grades 5-8

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How to Write a Bibliography

  1. 1. Grade 6 INTRODUCTION TO BIBLIOGRAPHY
  2. 2. What is a Bibliography? A bibliography is a list of all the different sources that you used for support of your topic.
  3. 3. When do you use a Bibliography? 1. In a report with statistics to show where you found those facts. 2. In a paper/report that uses a main idea from an author. 3. In a research paper to show ALL the different sources required by the teacher.
  4. 4. What are some “sources” your teacher might ask you to use? 1. Textbooks 2. Reference books 3. Books on the topic 4. Encyclopedias 5. Reliable websites 6. Magazine articles
  5. 5. What does it mean to “cite” a source? If you “borrow” ideas from a source, you must give the source credit, or it is plagiarism. You “cite” the source by writing it down in the Bibliography (or sometimes referred to as Works Cited).
  6. 6. How many sources should you use? This often depends upon your teacher. Usually a teacher will give you a limit such as, “You must use at least 5 sources.”
  7. 7. What types of sources should be used? Once again this will probably depend upon your teacher, who will give requirement: Use at least 1 encyclopedia Use at least 2 books Use at least 2 reliable websites
  8. 8. What information do you need for a book? Author’s last name, first name. Title of Book. City of publication: Publishing company, copyright date. Preston, George. Fun with Helium. New York: Watts Publishing Company, 2007.
  9. 9. Always check punctuation! Double check that you have used correct punctuation marks. There is ALWAYS a period at the end of every entry. Be sure to indent the second line (if there is one) of each entry.
  10. 10. What about a reliable website? “Title of the topic.” Complete website address. Date accessed. (when you looked it up) “Helium.”www.helium/sciencedigest/Loyola. com. April 28, 2010.
  11. 11. What information is needed for an encyclopedia? “Topic Title.” Name of Entire Encyclopedia. Year of publication. volume, page(s). “Helium.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2008. 6, 98-107.
  12. 12. Other types of entries: You may find that a book has no author. Look back at the example for a book. You would skip the author’s name and simply begin with the title of the book. Then continue the rest of the entry with the information needed for a book. The many uses of Helium. Boston: Bradford Publishers, Inc., 2007.
  13. 13. Next Step! After all resources have been written down, they must be alphabetized with the first letter of the entry.
  14. 14. Alphabetize the following: “Carbon.” www.sciencejournal.edu. January 28, 2010. Barthel, Anne. Common Carbon. New York: Dell Publishers, 2009. Olson, Joseph. Carbon-dating in Science. Mankato: Harcourt/Brace Publishing, 2008. “Carbon.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2005. 3, 78-91.
  15. 15. 3. “Carbon.” www.sciencejournal. edu.com. January 28, 2010. 1. Barthel, Anne. Common Carbon. New York: Dell Publishers, 2009. 4. Olson, Joseph. Carbon-dating in Science. Mankato: Harcourt/Brace Publishing, 2008. 2.“Carbon.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2005. 3, 78-91.
  16. 16. Add correct punctuation: Encyclopedia entry: Silicon The Encyclopedia Britannica 2007 20 118-132
  17. 17. “Silicon.” The Encyclopedia Britannica . 2007. 20, 118132.
  18. 18. Reliable internet source: Silicon www.science/ university of UCLA.edu March 6 2010
  19. 19. “Silicon.” www.science/ university of UCLA.edu. March 6, 2010.
  20. 20. Book with one author: Setterberg John The Many Uses of Silicon Chicago Braxton Publishers , Inc. 2004
  21. 21. Setterberg, John. The Many Uses of Silicon .Chicago: Braxton Publishers , Inc., 2004.

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