APA bibliography ppt

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APA bibliography ppt

  1. 1. How to create a Bibliography:<br />using the APA Referencing Style<br />
  2. 2. What is a Bibliography?<br />?  <br />A Bibliography is a list of all material used in the preparation of your assignment. It is usually in alphabetical order of author's surname. If a resource has no author, list it in alphabetical order by the first 3 letters of the title, ignoring the words A, and The at the beginning of a title.   <br />
  3. 3. Hints<br />:Remember to write down the bibliographic details of a resource as you use it. Don't wait until the end of the assignment, when you have returned some of the resources, and think 'which book did I use? Where is it?'   <br />
  4. 4. What bibliographic details do I need to reference different types of resources?<br />
  5. 5. Book<br />Author's surname, author's initial.<br />Publication date (in brackets).<br />Title – italics.<br />Place of publication: Publisher.<br />Kourik, R. (2010). The lavender garden. San Francisco:Chronicle Books<br /> <br />
  6. 6. Book chapter<br />Author's surname, author's initial – of chapter<br />Publication date (in brackets).<br />Title of chapter<br />Author's surname, author's initial – of book<br />Title of book – italics.<br />Pages of chapter<br />Place of publication: Publisher.<br />Prinze, T.P. (2001). Colours of the rainbow. In F.M. Hood & T.S. Center (Eds.). Colour spectrums.(pp. 74-85). New York, NY: Scott Press.<br /> <br />
  7. 7. Journal article<br />Author surname, Initial<br /> Publication date - in brackets <br /> Title of article', <br /> Title of periodical - italics, <br /> Volume, <br /> Number in brackets <br /> Page number<br />Smith, M., & Brown, L. (2010). A look at gaming in education. Schools and Education, 12(6), 123-134.<br />     <br />
  8. 8. Electronic journal article from online database<br />Author surname, Initial<br /> Publication date - in brackets <br /> Title of article', <br /> Title of periodical - italics, <br /> Volume, <br /> Number in brackets <br /> Page number<br />.Retrieved from – URL of online database<br />Baker, V., Smiths, K., & Dodd, Y. (2010). Changing careers in mid stream. Australian Journal of Careers, 23(4), 19–25. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/    <br />
  9. 9. Newspaper article<br />Author surname, Initial.<br />Publication date - in brackets <br />Title of article', <br />Title of newspaper - italics, <br />Page number. <br />Shaw, P. (2011, May 12). Mining shares drop, The Australian, p.12.  <br />
  10. 10. Encyclopedia article<br />Author's surname, author's initial – of article<br />Publication date (in brackets).<br />Title of article.<br />Volume number and pages of encyclopedia<br />Place of publication: Publisher<br />Barker, D. (2007). Tiger cubs. In International encyclopedia of animals.(Vol. 3, pp. 22-27). New York: N.Y.: Notable Press.<br />
  11. 11. Audio Visual Material<br />Surname and initials of producer<br />. Surname and initials of writer/director<br />Production date (in brackets)<br />Title in italics<br />Media type in square brackets<br />Place of production<br />Studio name<br />Movie: Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.<br />DVD: same as above but [DVD] in square brackets<br />TV program: Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.<br />
  12. 12. Webpage with an author<br /> <br />. Author surname and initials<br /> Date webpage created – in brackets .Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the page<br /> Title of web page in italics <br /> Retrieved and date retrieved<br /> from full URL  <br />Luikkonen ,P. (2008). Roald Dahl (1916-1990).Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm<br />      <br />    <br />
  13. 13. Webpage with no author<br /> <br />. Title of webpage in italics <br /> Date webpage created (in brackets) Hint: you will find this at the bottom of the page<br /> Retrieved and date retrieved<br /> from full URL  <br />Roald Dahl. (2011)  Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://www.roalddahl.com/.<br />      <br />    <br />
  14. 14. Personal communication<br />Forms of personal communication include letters, telephone conversations, personal interviews and e-mail messages. <br />These are not included in your bibliography as they cannot be traced by the reader.<br />You should refer to your source in the text of your assignment (in-text referencing).<br />Examples:  <br />D. Scott reported that 111 mm of rain fell in Turramurra yesterday.(personal communication, October 10, 2010) <br />. …races. (S.Smith, personal communication, May 24, 2011)...    <br />

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