Bibliography

16,170 views

Published on

Bibliography

  1. 1. •A bibliography is an orderly list of resources on a particularsubject•A bibliography provides the full reference information for allthe sources which you may have consulted in preparing aparticular project•The purpose of a bibliography is to allow the reader to tracethe sources used
  2. 2. 1. The author’s name is listed in reverse order-surname first-for the purpose of alphabetizing.2. The entry is generally presented in hanging-indention form. That is the second and subsequent lines of an entry begin at a uniform distance to the right of the beginning point of the first line.3. The entry gives the inclusive pages of articles, but not for books, and does not refer to any one page or passage4. Second and subsequent references to publications of the same author are indicated by a uniform line.
  3. 3. • There are various formats used in the creation of a bibliography such as the American Psychological Association (APA), Modern Language Association of America (MLA) and Chicago Manual of Style and Council of Biology Editors (CBE)• The APA style of referencing is common in the papers written on topics of social sciences; MLA style is used in field of humanities; and CBE is a popular citation style in the natural sciences• Examples MLA For bookso Author. Title of book: Subtitle. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.o Arnold, Francis. Greece. Texas: Steck-Vaughn, 1992. APAo Authors last name, first initial. (Publication date). Book title. Additional information. City of publication: Publishing company.o Allen, T. (1974). Vanishing wildlife of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.
  4. 4. •For a BookAuthor(last name first).Title of the book, City: Publisher, Date of publicationExampleGodin, Seth. Purple cow: Transform your business by being Remarkable. New York: UpperSaddle River, 2002.•For an EncyclopediaEncyclopedia Title, Edition Date. Volume Number, "Article Title," page numbersExampleThe Encyclopedia Britannica 1997, Volume 7, “Gorillas,” pp 51-55.
  5. 5. •For a magazineAuthor (last name first), "Article Title." Name of magazine. Volume number, (Date): pagenumbers.ExampleJordan, Jennifer, “Filming on top of the world.” Museum of Science Magazine. Volume 7 (winter1998) pp-11•For a NewspaperAuthor (last name first), "Article Title." Name of newspaper, city, state of publication. (date):edition if available, section, page number(s).ExamplePowers, Ann, “New Trends” The New York Times ,New York, NY(3/1/98), Atlantic Region,Section 2 , p-3.
  6. 6. •World Wide WebURL (Uniform Resource Locator or WWW address). author (or items name, if mentioned),date.Examplehttp://www.TheHindu.com.Today’s news, August 1, 2012•Government PublicationsU.S.Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation. Healthy Buildings,Healthy People: A vision for the 21st Century. October 2001.http://www.epa.gov/iaq/images/indoor_air_pollution.pdf.•MiscellaneousCentral Intelligence Agency. Commonwealth Of Independent States-Central European States.Washington DC : Central Intelligence Agency, 2003. Map.

×