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Dec. 1 Notes (Causes of WWI)
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Dec. 1 Notes (Causes of WWI)

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  • 1. Causes of World War I
  • 2.
    • WWI: July 1914 ~ 11/11/1918
    Some Basic Facts
    • 32 Nations involved in “The Great War”
    • WWI started in Europe and most battles occurred there
    • U.S. was NEUTRAL until 1917.
  • 3. Why did it happen?
    • Four MAIN long-term causes
    M ilitarism A lliance System I mperialism N ationalism
    • Trigger event: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  • 4.
    • DEF: Belief that your nation is superior to other nations
    • National interests are more important than global cooperation
    1. Nationalism
  • 5. 1. Nationalism
    • Grew in Europe during the 1800s, causing hostilities between countries
  • 6. 1. Nationalism
    • France & Germany fought over territory
  • 7. 1. Nationalism
    • Serbia was independent, but many ethnic Serbs lived in Austria-Hungary
    • Russia saw itself as the protector of East European peoples & competed with Austria-Hungary for influence over Serbs
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • DEF: One nation extends political, economic, or military control over other nations
    2. Imperialism
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • DEF: One nation extends political, economic, or military control over other nations
    2. Imperialism
    • Industrializing nations needed colonies for resources & markets
  • 12. Leading U.S. Exports, 1875 - 1915 X AXIS Y AXIS (millions of dollars) A B
  • 13. 2. Imperialism
    • Germany, France and Great Britain competed for colonies
  • 14.
    • DEF: Extensive development of armed forces
    3. Militarism
    • Creation of empires required militaries for defense
    • Each nation wanted its military to be superior to its enemies
  • 15.
    • Formal agreement between nations
    • a.k.a Mutual Defense Pact
    • Countries promise to defend one another if they face attack
    4. Alliances
  • 16. 4. Alliances
    • Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914
    • Triple Entente ( Allied Powers ) = France, Russia, Great Britain
  • 17. A A A
  • 18.
    • Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914
    4. Alliances 2. Triple Alliance ( Central Powers ) = Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
  • 19. A A A C C C
  • 20. 4. Alliances
    • 1915 ~ Italy joined Allies
    • Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers
    • Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914
    2. Triple Alliance
  • 21. A A A C A C C
  • 22. 4. Alliances
    • Plus, Russia had an alliance with Serbia
    • Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914
  • 23. A A A C A C C  
  • 24.
    • Balkan Peninsula = “powder keg of Europe”
    Spark that Lit the Powder Keg
  • 25. Spark that Lit the Powder Keg
    • June 28, 1914 ~ Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist
    • Serbia provided resources for the assassins
  • 26.  
  • 27. Spark that Lit the Powder Keg
    • June 28, 1914 ~ Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
    • July 1914 ~ Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
  • 28. Spark that Lit the Powder Keg
    • June 28, 1914 ~ Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated
    • Alliance system was put in motion & nations were quickly drawn into war
  • 29. The End