Causes of World War II

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Causes of World War II

  1. 1. Causes of World War II
  2. 2. The Versailles Treaty
  3. 3. The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.German soldiers are dissatisfied.
  4. 4. Decadence of the Weimar Republic
  5. 5. Countries were in economic crisis and had no tradition of self-government before WWI New democratic self-government was forced upon nations not ready for it. Hyperinflation
  6. 6. The Great Depression
  7. 7. ACTS OF AGGRESSION 1931 - Japan Invades Manchuria The Japanese army ignored the Japanese government and launched a full-scale invasion of Manchuria. Soon, it had occupied the whole province. 1. Need for natural resources. 2. Nationalism 3. Militarism 1. Need for natural resources. 2. Nationalism 3. Militarism Sabotaged Railroad in ManchuriaImperialismImperialism
  8. 8. The Manchurian Crisis, 1931
  9. 9. Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931
  10. 10. Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations  No control of major conflicts.No control of major conflicts.  The League could not enforce its authorityThe League could not enforce its authority  No progress in disarmament.No progress in disarmament.  No effective military force.No effective military force. A major power could get away with using force!A major power could get away with using force! League of Nations condemned the action but did nothing. Japan ended membership in League of Nations! League of Nations condemned the action but did nothing. Japan ended membership in League of Nations!
  11. 11. Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935 EmperorEmperor HaileHaile SelassieSelassie
  12. 12. Benito Mussolini “I refuse to believe that the real people of Great Britain and France, who have never had discords with Italy, are prepared to run the risk of hurling Europe along the road to catastrophe for the sake of defending an African country universally branded as a country without the slightest shadow of civilization.” “I refuse to believe that the real people of Great Britain and France, who have never had discords with Italy, are prepared to run the risk of hurling Europe along the road to catastrophe for the sake of defending an African country universally branded as a country without the slightest shadow of civilization.” How does Mussolini justify the attack of Ethiopia? League of Nations did nothing. Other nations concerned with their own problems. League of Nations did nothing. Other nations concerned with their own problems. NationalismNationalism
  13. 13. Germany Invades the Rhineland March 7, 1936 Although Germany had been steadily building up her army since 1933 it was not strong enough to hold the Rhineland if France or Britain counter-attacked. Although Germany had been steadily building up her army since 1933 it was not strong enough to hold the Rhineland if France or Britain counter-attacked. "The forty-eight hours after the march into the Rhineland were the most nerve-racking in my life. If the French had then marched into the Rhineland we would have had to withdraw.." - Adolf Hitler
  14. 14. The Austrian Anschluss, 1938 1. German territory occupied by France 2. Unite the German people and reclaim their empire: A Third Reich! 1. German territory occupied by France 2. Unite the German people and reclaim their empire: A Third Reich!
  15. 15. The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937
  16. 16. The “Problem” of the Sudetenland 1. None even though it was a direct violation of the treaty 2. Hitler promised he was finished. Britain & France appease Hitler at Munich Conference 1938 1. None even though it was a direct violation of the treaty 2. Hitler promised he was finished. Britain & France appease Hitler at Munich Conference 1938
  17. 17. Acts of Aggression Lead to WWII Country Area Attacked Reason Allies Reaction Japan 1931 - Manchuria 1937 - China 1. Need for natural resources. League of Nations condemned the action but did nothing. Italy Ethiopia - Africa 1. Distract Italians from depression. 2. Promised to build the new Roman Empire League of Nations did nothing. Other nations concerned with their own problems.   1. Austria (1938) 1. German people lived there. 1. None even though it was a direct violation of the treaty of Versailles Germany 2.Czechoslovakia/Su deten-land (1938) 2. German people lived there. 2. Hitler promised he was finished. Britain & France appeased and didn't fight.   3. Poland (1939) 3. Desire for land. 3. Britain and France declare war. 1. What do these incidents tell us about the effectiveness of the League of Nations?1. What do these incidents tell us about the effectiveness of the League of Nations?
  18. 18. What does this incident tell us about the League of Nations? •The League also lost its most powerful member in the Far East and ultimately Japan was to unite with the two other nations that broke League rules - Germany and Italy. •The League could not enforce its authority. •A major power could get away with using force •An issue so far from Europe was not likely to attract the whole- hearted support of the major European powers in the League. •Other powers would almost certainly see this episode as a sign that they too could get away with the use of force
  19. 19. AXIS POWER Adolf Hitler (right) is considered one of the most brutal dictators in history. After purging possible rivals for leadership, Hitler rearmed Germany into a modern war machine. He and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (left), both __________, became allies in 1936. They are shown here in Munich, Germany, in 1937. fascists AlliancesAlliances
  20. 20. GERMAN AGGRESSION Adolf Hitler preached to the Nazi party faithful that they were a superior race that deserved more than they had, including additional ___________, or living space, and a higher standard of living. Hitler was an emotional speaker who had a mesmerizing effect on those who listened. By 1938 he had amassed the best-equipped, best-trained army in the world. Lebensraum MilitarismMilitarism
  21. 21. GERMAN AGGRESSION
  22. 22. APPEASEMENT After Germany invaded the Sudetenland, the British and French met with Hitler in Munich on September 30, 1938. They agreed to allow the Nazi leader to seize the Sudeten districts of Czechoslovakia in return for an assurance from him that he had no further territorial claims in Europe. Their appeasement policy once again gave in to the _____________________.aggressor
  23. 23. The Policy Of Appeasement 2. Based on what you have learned, and these Dr. Seuss cartoons, what does ‘appeasement’ mean? 2. Based on what you have learned, and these Dr. Seuss cartoons, what does ‘appeasement’ mean?
  24. 24. Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 Now we have “Peace in our Time!” Herr Hitler is a man we can do business with. Neville Chamberlain, EdouardNeville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Adolph Hitler, and Benito Mussolini.Adolph Hitler, and Benito Mussolini. Film Clip Film ClipFilm Clip 3. Describe the tone of Chamberlain’s speech, how do you think he felt after signing the Munich agreement? 3. Describe the tone of Chamberlain’s speech, how do you think he felt after signing the Munich agreement?
  25. 25. PEACE FOR OUR TIME! “An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.” - Winston Churchill “An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.” - Winston Churchill On 15 March 1939, the German army occupied the remainder of Czechoslovakia. “My good friends… I have returned from Germany bringing peace with honor. I believe it is peace for our time… Go home and get a nice quiet sleep.”
  26. 26. Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939 Hitler breaks promises signed at the Munich Conference… still, noting is done to stop him! Hitler breaks promises signed at the Munich Conference… still, noting is done to stop him!
  27. 27. Rome-Berlin Axis, 1939 The “Pact of Steel”
  28. 28. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign MinistersForeign Ministers von Ribbentrop & Molotovvon Ribbentrop & Molotov Plan to invade and split PolandPlan to invade and split Poland Foreign MinistersForeign Ministers von Ribbentrop & Molotovvon Ribbentrop & Molotov 4. Why did Hitler and Stalin decide to work together? Will this friendship last? Why? 4. Why did Hitler and Stalin decide to work together? Will this friendship last? Why?
  29. 29. Nazi-Soviet Pact On August 23, 1939, the world was shocked when, suddenly, Russia and Germany signed a non-aggression pact. In addition, the two countries had a secret agreement to invade and divide ______________ between them.Poland
  30. 30. GERMANY INVADES POLAND On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Hitler introduced a new kind of war called a _______________, which means “lightning war.” Blitzkrieg
  31. 31. GERMANY INVADES POLAND German bombers targeted railroads, shown here, which crippled Polish military mobilization. Hundreds of tanks smashed through Polish defenses and rolled deep into the country. The Poles fought hard, but on September 17, the _________________invaded their country from the east. By the end of the month, Poland had fallen. Soviet Union
  32. 32. German Troops March into Warsaw
  33. 33. Video Clip: Blitzkrieg
  34. 34. Chamberlain Declares War Listen to the speech by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. 1. What is the tone of the speech? 2. Is there anything Chamberlain could have done to prevent war? Speech
  35. 35. Recap of Major Causes of WWII 1. Which do you think is the greatest reason for WWII? Why?

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