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Dec. 1 Notes (Causes of WWI)

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Dec. 1 Notes (Causes of WWI)

  1. 1. Causes of World War I
  2. 2. <ul><li>WWI: July 1914 ~ 11/11/1918 </li></ul>Some Basic Facts <ul><li>32 Nations involved in “The Great War” </li></ul><ul><li>WWI started in Europe and most battles occurred there </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. was NEUTRAL until 1917. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why did it happen? <ul><li>Four MAIN long-term causes </li></ul>M ilitarism A lliance System I mperialism N ationalism <ul><li>Trigger event: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>DEF: Belief that your nation is superior to other nations </li></ul><ul><li>National interests are more important than global cooperation </li></ul>1. Nationalism
  5. 5. 1. Nationalism <ul><li>Grew in Europe during the 1800s, causing hostilities between countries </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1. Nationalism <ul><li>France & Germany fought over territory </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Nationalism <ul><li>Serbia was independent, but many ethnic Serbs lived in Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Russia saw itself as the protector of East European peoples & competed with Austria-Hungary for influence over Serbs </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>DEF: One nation extends political, economic, or military control over other nations </li></ul>2. Imperialism
  9. 11. <ul><li>DEF: One nation extends political, economic, or military control over other nations </li></ul>2. Imperialism <ul><li>Industrializing nations needed colonies for resources & markets </li></ul>
  10. 12. Leading U.S. Exports, 1875 - 1915 X AXIS Y AXIS (millions of dollars) A B
  11. 13. 2. Imperialism <ul><li>Germany, France and Great Britain competed for colonies </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>DEF: Extensive development of armed forces </li></ul>3. Militarism <ul><li>Creation of empires required militaries for defense </li></ul><ul><li>Each nation wanted its military to be superior to its enemies </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Formal agreement between nations </li></ul><ul><li>a.k.a Mutual Defense Pact </li></ul><ul><li>Countries promise to defend one another if they face attack </li></ul>4. Alliances
  14. 16. 4. Alliances <ul><li>Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Entente ( Allied Powers ) = France, Russia, Great Britain </li></ul>
  15. 17. A A A
  16. 18. <ul><li>Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914 </li></ul>4. Alliances 2. Triple Alliance ( Central Powers ) = Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
  17. 19. A A A C C C
  18. 20. 4. Alliances <ul><li>1915 ~ Italy joined Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914 </li></ul>2. Triple Alliance
  19. 21. A A A C A C C
  20. 22. 4. Alliances <ul><li>Plus, Russia had an alliance with Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Hostilities in Europe led to TWO major mutual defense pacts by 1914 </li></ul>
  21. 23. A A A C A C C  
  22. 24. <ul><li>Balkan Peninsula = “powder keg of Europe” </li></ul>Spark that Lit the Powder Keg
  23. 25. Spark that Lit the Powder Keg <ul><li>June 28, 1914 ~ Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist </li></ul><ul><li>Serbia provided resources for the assassins </li></ul>
  24. 27. Spark that Lit the Powder Keg <ul><li>June 28, 1914 ~ Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>July 1914 ~ Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia </li></ul>
  25. 28. Spark that Lit the Powder Keg <ul><li>June 28, 1914 ~ Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance system was put in motion & nations were quickly drawn into war </li></ul>
  26. 29. The End

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