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World war 1 for grade 7, 8 and 9

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This video is about the causes, effects and the alliances of World War 1. It's really simple. Have fun learning!

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World war 1 for grade 7, 8 and 9

  1. 1. WORLD WAR 1
  2. 2. Introduction  World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
  3. 3.  At the beginning of the 20th century, Europe was sitting on top of a barrel of gunpowder. At any moment it could have exploded into a great war. Not there had been no major European war for a hundred years, but since then the whole Industrial Revolution had taken place.
  4. 4. The last great European war had been fought by horsemen and foot soldiers charging each other; by old-fashioned rifle, swords, spears and simple cannon. At sea, wooden warships battered each other at close range with solidiron cannon balls.
  5. 5. In 1914 many generals had no real idea what war would be like with machine gun, high explosive shells weighing over a ton each, poison gas and motor trucks. At sea they had huge steel warships whose guns were so powerful they could
  6. 6.  As a result, the slaughter was appalling: Russia, for example, lost over 2 million men in two short battles.
  7. 7. Causes M Militarism: Industrialized countries were proud upon their bigger and better weapons and army.
  8. 8. Alliances: The countries were divided into groups (friends). One was called the Central Power (Germany, Austro Hungary and Italy) and the other side was The allied power of France, Russia and A
  9. 9. Nationalism: All the countries thought that they were the greatest and wanted to promote their own culture and interests. N
  10. 10. I Imperialism: France and Britain, had created large worldwide empires and became very rich. Russia and Germany wanted to conquer countries and create their own vast empires too.
  11. 11. A Assassination: On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (crown prince of Austria) and his wife, were assassinated by a Serbian student: Gavrilo Princip. This was an excuse to take out the jealousy stored in for years.
  12. 12. Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  13. 13. Events that led to war  Assassination of Archduke  Germany providing support to Austria-H  Serbia given deadline by Germans to accept their terms.  Serbia fails to comply.  Austria-H declares war on Serbia.  Germany declares war on Russia  Germany invades Belgium to invade France  Great Britain declares war on Germany
  14. 14. The opponents- THE CENTRAL POWERS Germany had been made into one country from many smaller states only in 1870. She was very highly industrialized, but had a very few colonies. Her army was the most powerful in the world, and her navy was strong . Germany was aggressive and wanted to show her strength, and to gain more trade and colonies. Austro-Hungarian empire was a huge empire made up of many different races of people with different religions, languages and customs, and ruled by the emperor alone. The different peoples did not want to belong to the same state, but wanted to have their own countries and governments. The empire was weak, with little industry and seemed ready to break up.
  15. 15. Turkish Empire had once been great and powerful, controlling all of the middle east and north Africa. But now it was very weak and many parts had broken away to to become independent. Russia wanted to conquer Turkey to get a port on the warm Mediterranean sea. Turkey was called ‘The sick old man of Europe’
  16. 16. THE WESTERN ALLIES Britain was the richest and the most powerful country in the world. She had the largest empire, the largest trade and the largest navy. She was however, being challenged by Germany and the USA. France was rich and fairly industrialized, with a large empire in Africa. She was the bitter enemy of Germany who had beaten her in the war of 1870. In that war Germany had taken two provinces from France, and France was determined to get them back.
  17. 17. Russia was huge, backward and only very slowly becoming industrialized. She was ruled by the tsar only. The army wa huge but no good-badly trained, badly equipped and badly led. The Russian people had often rebelled to try to improve conditions, but their efforts had been put down savagely. They were now desperate.
  18. 18. The Balkans The Balkans were a collection of tiny states of different races, people and religions. Some were friendly with Russia, some with Turkey, some with Germany and some with France and Britain. The Balkan states were constantly fighting each other. The great danger was that when these tiny states quarreled, their more powerful friends might join in to help them and so start a major
  19. 19. The breakout of World War 1 After the Assassination In 1914, an Austrian prince was visiting the Balkan state- of Bosnia, which was friendly with Russia. While he was there, he was murdered, and Austria blamed Serbia, a country which was friendly with Russia. Austria went to war with Serbia and within a few weeks was joined by Germany, and Turkey. Britain, Russia, France and Italy came on Serbia’s side and though the war still continued in the Balkans, the main fighting switched to northern France, western Russia and the border of Italy and Austria and the Middle East.
  20. 20. Where the war took place Most of the fighting in World War 1 took place in Europe, along the frontiers Between France and Germany, Germany and Russia, Austria and Italy, as well as the Balkans and the Middle East. The war at sea was mainly fought in the ‘North Atlantic Ocean’.
  21. 21. Reasons for fighting The countries had different reasons for fighting each other. These are some of the main ones.Trade UK vs Germany Colonies Germany vs UK, France Revenge France vs Germany Land Russia vs Turkey, Austria Nationalism Russia vs Austria, Germany Power Everyone
  22. 22. The new technical warfare  Trench warfare: Most of the fighting in northern France was done in trenches.  Tanks were invented to try to break the deadlock of trench warfare.  Aircrafts were used, first for spotting the enemy, then dropping bombs. From 1916, German airships and airplanes dropped bombs on civilians in cities.  Huge steel warships and submarines were used at sea, Note the aerials- this was the first time radio had been used in warfare.  Mass production methods were used in factories for the first time to make weapons and equipments.  Weapons of immense size and power were made. German gun could send one-tonne shell over 50 miles.
  23. 23. Important events during WW1  The sinking of Lusitania Lusitania was a British luxury cruise ship travelling from USA to England. German submarines fired at the Lusitania and it sank in the Atlantic. As many American citizens were on board, it sparked America’s entry in World War 1.
  24. 24.  Russia leaves the war The communist revolution brought about the downfall of the Tsar of Russia; Russia became Soviet Union and exited the war. It became friends with Germany. Further read in the register/ Germans trick Russia
  25. 25. The End of WW1- THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES It was signed between the Allied powers and Germany on June 28, 1919. This officially ended World War 1. The treaty was extremely harsh on Germany. It forced Germany to accept the responsibility for causing “all the loss and damage” of the war. Germany was forced to disarm, give up land to France and to pay reparations of 132 billion Marks (around $442 billion in 2014 money.) Further read in register/handouts/the treaty of Versailles
  26. 26. LEAGUE OF NATIONS It was formed in order to establish World peace. Its member countries hoped to prevent wars by settling disputes between countries. It also aimed to establish fair labor conditions, improve global health, control the global arms trade and protect minorities in Europe. It was founded by the Treaty of Versailles (42 members).
  27. 27. THE MAP OF EUROPE The map of Europe changed significantly after World War 1. Several new independent countries were formed including Poland, Finland, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia. Russia became the Soviet Union and the Ottoman Empire later became the country of Turkey.
  28. 28. Effects of World War 1 1. USA became important and rich due to increased trade. 2. Improved medicine. 3. More independence for women as they had done all kind of jobs during the war. 4. New inventions like buses, lorries, aeroplanes, radios. Further read in register/handouts/the effects of world war I
  29. 29. THE END OF PRESENTATION By: Alifya Fahim Class: VIII-D

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