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Oct. 23 Notes (Spanish American War)

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Oct. 23 Notes (Spanish American War)

  1. 1. Spanish American War
  2. 3. <ul><li>1825 ~ Spain had colonies in the Philippines, Guam, Cuba & Puerto Rico </li></ul>War over Cuba?
  3. 4. <ul><li>1886 ~ U.S. invested in Cuban plantations </li></ul>War over Cuba? <ul><li>U.S. became Cuba’s main trade partner!!! </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>1895 ~ Cuban war for independence from Spain </li></ul>War over Cuba? <ul><li>Cuban rebels destroyed American property to get help from the U.S. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>1895 ~ Cuban war for independence from Spain </li></ul>War over Cuba? <ul><li>U.S. public opinion split </li></ul>Other Americans U.S. Businessmen
  6. 7. <ul><li>Spain created camps to keep people from helping the Cuban rebels. </li></ul><ul><li>People in the camps were starving. </li></ul>War over Cuba?
  7. 8. <ul><li>Yellow Journalism </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>NYC newspapers competed for readers </li></ul>VS. William Randolph Hearst’s NY Journal
  8. 9. <ul><li>Yellow Journalism </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>NYC newspapers competed for readers </li></ul>VS. Joseph Pulitzer’s NY World
  9. 10. <ul><li>Yellow Journalism </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>Papers exaggerated about the treatment of Cubans in camps </li></ul><ul><li>Sensational/Exaggerated reporting used to lure readers </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>1897 ~ Pres. McKinley took office & tried to negotiate with Spain for Cuban independence </li></ul>Causes of the War
  11. 13. <ul><li>Feb. 1898 ~ De Lome Letter </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>NY Journal published letter written by Spanish minister de Lome that criticized McKinley </li></ul><ul><li>Americans resented the public criticism from Spain </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Feb. 1898 ~ De Lome Letter </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>Newspapers exaggerated the letter </li></ul>“ The Worst Insult to the United States in its History”???
  13. 15. <ul><li>Feb. 1898 ~ U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana harbor </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>Cause of explosion is still unknown, but studies show it was an internal explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Papers in 1898 blamed… </li></ul>SPAIN!!!
  14. 18. <ul><li>U.S.S. Maine explosion and yellow journalism brought increased demands for action against Spain </li></ul>Causes of the War
  15. 20. <ul><li>Increased demands for action against Spain </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>McKinley still tried negotiating, & Spain agreed to almost all U.S. demands </li></ul><ul><li>BUT… </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>Increased demands for action against Spain </li></ul>Causes of the War <ul><li>Apr. 1898 ~ McKinley was pressured to send troops & Congress declared war vs. Spain to “protect U.S. interests” in Cuba </li></ul>
  17. 22. The End

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