Scotland occupies the northern third of the islands of Great Britain. The river Tweed and the Cheviot Hills form Scotland’s southern border with England. The Northwest Channel separates southwestern Scotland from Northern Ireland. The northwest coast faces the Atlantic Ocean. The east coast faces the North Sea, which separates Scotland from the mainland of Europe.
Scotland has three main land regions. They are, from north to south, the Highlands, the Central Lowlands, and the Southern Uplands.
… i s a rugged, barren region that covers the northern two thirds of Scotland. There are two major mountain ranges, the Northwest Highlands and the Grampian Mountains. The ranges have parallel ridges that run through the Highlands from northeast to southwest. A deep valley called Glen Mor or the Great Glen separates the two mountain ranges. The highest peak in the British Isle is 1343 meters - Ben Nevis.
The Highlands have two kinds of valleys - s teep, narrow glens and broad, rolling straths. Much of the land in the Highlands is a treeless area called a moor or a heath. The most rugged land lies along the west coast. Most Highlanders live on the narrow coastal plains.
The Central Lowlands
This region has Scotland’s best farmland. Wide, fertile fields and low hills with patches of trees cover the entire region. About three-fourths of Scottish people live in the lowlands.
The Southern Uplands
They consist of rolling moors broken in places by rocky cliffs. The top of the hills are largely barren, but rich pasture land covers most of the lower slopes. Many sheep and cattle are raised in the southern uplands. In the south, the uplands rise to the Cheviot Hills.
Scotland has hundreds of islands. A large group of islands called the Hebrides lie off the west coast of Scotland’s mainland.
The Orkney and Shetland groups lie north of the mainland and form the boundary between the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Wales is just over 20,000 square kms in size. At its widest it's 200 kms east to west, and 250 k ms north to south.
The landscape of Wales
Wales has a varied geography with strong contrasts. In the south, flat coastal plains give way to valleys, then to ranges of hills and mountains in mid and north Wales.
The national parks
There are three national parks and five areas of outstanding natural beauty, which cover a quarter of the land mass of Wales. 80% of the land is dedicated to agriculture, ranging from crops to livestock.
Mountains and coastline
The largest mountains in the north are part of the Snowdonia range, with the largest mountain being Snowdon at 1,085 metres. There are over 1300 kilometres of coastline ranging from long flat sandy beaches to towering cliffs.
which in English means 'St Mary's Church in a hollow of the white hazel near to the rapid whirlpool and St Tysil's Church of the red cave.'
The southern part of Northern Ireland is made up of lowlands. The attractive Mourne Mountains are in the south-east. A characteristic feature of Northern Ireland is the greenness of the countryside and the cloudy skies above.
At the centre of Northern Ireland is Lough Neagh, the largest lake in the whole of the United Kingdom. Legend has it that Finn MacCool (a celebrated hero of Irish mythology) created this lake as well as the Giant's Causeway.