Geographical Position


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British Isles

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Geographical Position

  1. 1. Click me to startGeographical position andcomposition of the country back
  2. 2. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles.What is the British Isles?The British Isles is ageographical term whichincludes Great Britain,the whole of Ireland andall the offshore islands,lying off the north-western coastline ofEurope. back next
  3. 3. A diagram clarifying the terminology: geographic-only locations; political entities (may also be geographic terms). back next
  4. 4. The Islands in the British IslesThe British Isles consists of the following islands:• Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales);• Ireland (the Republic of Ireland) - a country west of England across the Irish Sea (not part of the United Kingdom);• Northern Ireland ( part of the United Kingdom);• The Orkney and Shetland Islands - islands off the northeast coast of Scotland;• The Isle of Man - an island in the Irish Sea;• Hebrides (including the Inner Hebrides, Outer Hebrides and Small Isles) All are islands off the northwest coast of Scotland;• The Isle of Wight - an island off the southern coast of England;• Isles of Scilly - an island off the southwest coast of England;• Lundy Island - an island off the southwest coast of England;• The Channel Islands - a group of small islands in the English Channel, off the coast of Normandy, France. The principal islands of the group include Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and Sark;• Plus many other offshore islands. Click on the name of the island to get more information. back next
  5. 5. The United KingdomThe UK is situated north-west of theEuropean continent between theAtlantic Ocean and the North Sea.It has a total land area of 244,100square kilometres, of which nearly99% is land and the remainderinland water. From north to south itis about 1,000 kilometres long.The official name of the UK is the"United Kingdom of Great Britainand Northern Ireland".The United Kingdom is made up ofEngland, Scotland, Wales andNorthern Ireland.The UK is part of Europe and amember of the European Union (EU). back next
  6. 6. The UK is bordered by four seas:• to the south by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover, which separate it from continental Europe;• to the east by the North Sea;• to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. back home
  7. 7. The English Channel , also known asLa Manche (French ‘the sleeve’ fromits shape) is a narrow arm of theAtlantic Ocean separating thesouthern coast of England from thenorthern coast of France andtapering eastward to its junctionwith the North Sea at the Strait ofDover. With an area of some 75,000square kilometres, it is the smallestof the shallow seas covering thecontinental shelf of Europe. The English Channel back
  8. 8. The Strait of Dover (French: Pas de Calais)The Strait of Dover is a narrow waterpassage separating England (northwest)from France (southeast) and connecting theEnglish Channel (southwest) with the NorthSea (northeast).It is just 33 kilometers wide between Doverand Calais, and is considered to be thebusiest shipping lane in the world.The Channel Tunnel passes under it. back
  9. 9. The North Sea back
  10. 10. The Irish Sea back
  11. 11. What is Great Britain? Great Britain is the official name given to the two kingdoms of England and Scotland, and the principality of Wales. It is an island lying off the western coast of Europe, comprising the main territory of the United Kingdom. Great Britain is made up of:• England - The capital is London;• Scotland - The capital is Edinburgh;• Wales - The capital is Cardiff. back
  12. 12. England comprises the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain.It is bordered to the north byScotland and to the west byWales.It is closer to continentalEurope than any other part ofBritain, divided from Franceonly by a 52 km sea gap.The Channel Tunnel directlylinks England to the Europeanmainland. The English/Frenchborder is halfway along thetunnel. back
  13. 13. Scotland is a nation in northwest Europe and one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom.It occupies the northern thirdof the island of Great Britainand shares a land border tothe south with England.It is bounded by the NorthSea to the east, the AtlanticOcean to the north and west,and the North Channel andIrish Sea to the southwest.Apart from the mainland,Scotland consists of over 790islands. back
  14. 14. Wales is located on a peninsula in central-west Great Britain. It is about 274 km (170 miles) north-south and 97 km (60 miles) east-west. Wales is bordered by England to the east and by sea in the other three directions: the Bristol Channel to the south, St. Georges Channel to the west, and the Irish Sea to the north. Altogether, Wales has over 1,200 km (750 miles) of coastline. There are several islands off the Welsh mainland, the largest being Anglesey in the northwest. back
  15. 15. The Isle of ManThe Isle of Man is part of the British Isles, an archipelago off the northwestern coast of mainland Europe. The island is located geographically inthe middle of the Irish Sea, approximately between England, Scotland andIreland. How big is the Isle of Man?Approximately 32 miles (48 km) long and between 8 and 15 miles (13 and24 km) wide.More than 40% of the Island is uninhabited. What makes the Isle of Man different from anywhere else in the British Isles?The Island is a unique self-governing kingdom - a Crown dependency whichbelongs to neither the UK nor the European Union. It has its own parliament, laws, traditions, culture, cuisine and postage stamps. back
  16. 16. Ireland (Irish: Éire) is the third largest island in Europe; the twentieth-largest island in the world; It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. It is bound to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the northeast by the North Channel. To the east of Ireland, separated by the Irish Sea, is the island of Great Britain; Politically, the Republic of Ireland (also known officially as Ireland) covers five-sixths of the island, with Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, covering the remainder in the north-east; The capital is Dublin. back
  17. 17. Northern Ireland Northern Ireland (Irish: Ulster) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering about a sixth of the islands total area. It is separated from the island of Great Britain by the North Channel. Northern Ireland consists of six of the nine counties of the province of Ulster. back
  18. 18. The Orkney and Shetland Islands Orkney (also known as the Orkney Islands) is an island group in northern Scotland. Orkney comprises over 70 islands; around 20 are inhabited. The largest island, known as “the Mainland” is the sixth-largest Scottish island and the ninth-largest island surrounding the island of Great Britain. Shetland is an archipelago off the northeast coast of mainland Scotland. back
  19. 19. The Isle of WightThe Isle of Wight is an English island andcounty in the English Channel three milesfrom the south coast of Great Britain.Isle of Wight is approximately diamond inshape and covers an area of 380 km². andhas 92 km of coastline. The landscape of theIsland is remarkably diverse, leading to itsoft-quoted description of"England in Miniature".The West Wight is predominantly rural, withdramatic coastlines dominated by the famouschalk ridges, running across the whole Islandand ending in The Needles. back
  20. 20. The Needlesa row of three distinctive stacks of chalk that rise out of the sea off the westerncoast. A lighthouse designed by Scottish civil engineer James Walker has stood at the western end of the formation since 1859. back
  21. 21. The Channel Tunnel Location: Beneath the English Channel (Strait of Dover); Status: Active; Start: Folkestone, Kent, England; End: Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, France; Opened: 6 May 1994; Description: The tunnel consists of three parallel tunnels. There are two rail tunnels, which carry trains north-west and south-east. Between the rail tunnels there is a service tunnel served by narrow rubber-tyred vehicles. It gives maintenance workers access to the rail tunnels and provides a route for escape during emergencies; Statistics: The Channel Tunnel is 50.450 km long, of which 37.9 km are undersea. The average depth is 45.7 m underneath the seabed, and the deepest is 60 m. The undersea section, at 37.9 km, is the longest undersea tunnel in the world. back
  22. 22. The MainlandThe Mainland is the main island of Orkney, Scotland back
  23. 23. AngleseyAnglesey is a predominantlyWelsh-speaking island off thenorthwest coast of Wales. It isconnected to the mainland by twobridges spanning the fifteen milelong Menai Strait: the originalMenai Suspension Bridge,designed by Thomas Telford in1826; and the newerreconstructed Britannia Bridgeoriginally designed by RobertStephenson.Anglesey is also a county whichincludes Holy Island and othernearby small islands.With an area of 276 square miles(715 km²), Anglesey is the largestWelsh island, and the fifth largestsurrounding Britain. back
  24. 24. Aerial view of the Menai Strait and the bridges. back
  25. 25. Menai Suspension BridgeThe Menai Suspension Bridge is a suspension bridge between the islandof Anglesey and the mainland of Wales.Designed by Thomas Telford and completed in 1826, it is one of the firstmodern suspension bridges in the world. back
  26. 26. Britannia BridgeBritannia Bridge is a bridge across the Menai Strait between theisland of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales, originally a tubularbridge, and now a two level steel truss arch bridge carrying bothtrains and road traffic.The present day bridge has a much different appearance than theoriginal. This is because it has been reconstructed after adisastrous fire in 1970. A group of teenagers looking for bats in thedark tubes accidentally dropped the burning paper they were usingas a torch. This eventually started a fire through the whole tubularstructure that caused much damage to the tubes. back
  27. 27. HebridesThe Hebrides comprise anarchipelago off the west coast ofScotland, and in geological termsare composed of the oldest rocksin the British Isles.They can be divided into twomain groups: Inner Hebrides andOuter Hebrides.The Hebrides as a whole aresometimes referred to as theWestern Isles, but this term ismore accurately applied just tothe Outer Hebrides, which wereonce known as The Long Island. back
  28. 28. The Inner HebridesThe Inner Hebrides is anarchipelago off the west coast ofScotland, to the south east of theOuter Hebrides. Traditionally, theInner Hebrides have beensubdivided into two groups:northern and southern.The Isle of Skye, commonly knownas Skye, is the largest and mostnortherly island in the InnerHebrides of Scotland. Skye is linkedto the mainland by the Skye Bridge. back
  29. 29. The Outer HebridesThey form part of theHebrides, separated from theScottish mainland and fromthe Inner Hebrides by thestormy stretch of waterknown as the Minch and theLittle Minch.The Outer Hebrides aresituated approximately 30miles off the West Coast ofScotland. There are 11inhabited Islands in thearchipelago which is over200km long. The island ofBarra is at the southern endand Lewis at the northernend. back
  30. 30. Lewis and HarrisLewis and Harris in theOuter Hebrides make up thelargest island in Scotland. Ithas an area of 841 squaremiles (2,180 km²) - slightlyunder one per cent of thearea of Great Britain.The northern part of theisland is called Lewis, thesouthern is Harris and bothare frequently referred to as Callanish stone circleif they were separateislands.Lewis was first settled inthe Iron Age - people wholeft their mark in thecountless Neolithic siteswhich scatter the island. back
  31. 31. The Isle of Skye back
  32. 32. The Skye Bridge back
  33. 33. London London /lʌndən/ is the capital and largest urban area of England and the United Kingdom. back
  34. 34. Edinburgh Edinburgh /ɛdɪnb(ə)rə/ is the capital of Scotland, the seventh-largest city in the United Kingdom. back
  35. 35. Cardiff Cardiff is the capital and largest city of Wales.location of the city of Cardiff (light green)within the Principality of Wales (darkgreen) back
  36. 36. BelfastBelfast (from the Irish: meaning "Sandy ford atriver mouth") is the capital of Northern Ireland. Itis the largest urban area in Northern Ireland andthe province of Ulster and the second-largestcity on the island of Ireland. back
  37. 37. Dublin Dublin /dʌblɨn/ (meaning Town of the Hurdled Ford) is both the largest city and the capital of Ireland. It is located near the midpoint of Irelands east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey and at the centre of the Dublin Region. It is an economic, administrative and cultural centre for the island of Ireland. back