Scotland presentation


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Scotland presentation

  1. 1. SCOTLAND SCOTLAND SCOTLAND <ul><li>A LITTLE ABOUT..... </li></ul>
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY AND POPULATION <ul><li>Located to the north of England, Scotland is a small country with a population of around 6 Million people </li></ul><ul><li>Capital city - Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>National Flower - The Thistle </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A Scottish Thistle </li></ul><ul><li>The thorny flower that has been our national emblem since the reign of Alexander III (1249 - 1286) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scotland as a separate nation <ul><li>In early history, Scotland was a sovereign nation known as the Kingdom of Scotland, with its own monarch </li></ul><ul><li>However in 1603, after centuries of invasions by the English, the King of Scotland (James VI) inherited the throne in England from his distant relative Queen Elizabeth I </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, one monarch shared two crowns! </li></ul><ul><li>Only in 1707 did the Kingdom of Scotland merge with England to become ‘Great Britain’ through the Treaty and Acts of the Union </li></ul><ul><li>Since then, parliamentary sovereignty essentially remained with the English </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland also has it’s own, separate, legal system however some cases are still referred to the English Supreme Court (Highest court in England) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Devolution in Scotland <ul><li>The political system in Scotland took a massive step towards re-establishing Scotland as an independent nation in the late 1990’s, through what is called ‘Devolution’ </li></ul><ul><li>Previously, ALL political matters were decided upon by the UK Parliament, which sits in Westminster, London </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Devolution’ afforded a newly formed Scottish Parliament the right to vote and legislate upon certain ‘non-reserved’ matters that solely affected rise to the phrase ‘devolved powers’ </li></ul><ul><li>Donald Dewar MSP was influential in the creation of a devolved Parliament in Scotland, and served as the inaugural First Minister of Scotland </li></ul>
  6. 6. Scottish Politics today <ul><li>Today, the ruling party in Scotland are known as the SNP, or, Scottish National Party - since 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Their main aim nowadays is to gain full independence from Parliament in Westminster, London, believing that our small nation can survive without the help of the rest of the United Kingdom..... </li></ul>
  7. 7. Representation in Scotland <ul><li>Scottish Member of Parliament (MSP) </li></ul><ul><li>The conservative party in the United Kingdom have only a small representation in Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>The SNP and advocates for Scottish Independence therefore question why the Conservative party (in London) can legislate and decide over matters in Scotland, where they have very little support from the Scottish People. </li></ul><ul><li>The legal voting age in Scotland is 18 </li></ul><ul><li>There are 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow - SNP Red - Labour Party Blue - Conservative Party </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chances of Independence <ul><li>The chances of Scotland gaining real independence from the rest of the United Kingdom are very slim </li></ul><ul><li>A Scottish national ‘referendum’ would have to won by a majority vote within Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>....and even then, it is very unlikely that the UK Parliament, sitting in Westminster, would agree to Scottish Independence as it is still a ‘reserved’ matter </li></ul>
  9. 9. Classic Scottish Stereotypes
  10. 10. William Wallace was a Scottish Knight and landowner, famed for his involvement in the Scottish Wars of Independence <ul><li>Most famous victory over the English recorded in the battle of Stirling Bridge (1297) where the Scots were severely outnumbered yet still won </li></ul><ul><li>Met his demise though in 1305, when John De Mentieth handed him over to the English authorities </li></ul><ul><li>He was hung, drawn and quartered as seen in the highly fictionalised Mel Gibson adaptation, ‘Braveheart’! </li></ul>Scottish Whiskey (Scotch) 18.5 million barrels maturing in Scotland at any one point Matured for a minimum of 3 years Export value is around £2Billion - 2.29703682 EUROS 90% of Whisky sales are to the export market - accounting for 25% of all food and drink exports However...77% of the cost of a bottle of whisky sold in the UK is tax - making the UK Government by far the biggest beneficiary
  11. 11. The fabled ‘Loch Ness Monster’, an apparent prehistoric dinosaur that lives in Loch Ness, Invernesshire <ul><li>The Monster has become a national celebrity over time for tourists coming to Scotland in search for the famous creature </li></ul><ul><li>The picture included is the most famous ‘sighting’ of the monster to date, however it has since been proven to be a fake... </li></ul><ul><li>...of course. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the tourist board are happy to keep the myth alive as it brings a large amount of tourism to the small area in the Highlands where Loch Ness is situated, an otherwise boring and very uneventful place! </li></ul>A ‘loch’ is the Scottish word for a ‘lake’ ***
  12. 12. other stereotypes <ul><li>‘ Haggis’ - our national dish A combination of a sheep’s heart, liver and lungs cooked in the stomach of the animal for 3 hours </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Bagpipes’ - traditional musical instrument, using the supply of air that is pressed and squeezed in a bag to a rhythm determined by the player </li></ul>
  13. 13. popular culture <ul><li>The 1996 film following a group of Edinburgh drug addicts, adapted from the Irvine Welsh novel </li></ul><ul><li>Considered the greatest British film of all time in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Director - Danny Boyle, famous for ‘SlumDog Millionaire’ </li></ul>The West of Scotland, in particular Glasgow, is infamous for the age old problem of Catholic and Protestant sectarianism This problem can be categorised as, essentially, the fight between Catholics and Protestants, arising from an inherent hatred of each religion, giving rise to violence in the West of Scotland for years The violence is epitomised in the rivalry between Celtic Football Club and Glasgow Rangers Examples of Sectarianism and bigotry can be found in most areas of life in Glasgow, and has recently come to the attention of the SNP, who have introduced extreme prison sentences for those found guilty of Sectarian behaviour Often linked to the IRA and Protestant Political Terrorist Groups in Ireland The Celtic manager Neill Lennon (A catholic) was sent a series of bombs and death threats throughout season 2010/11
  14. 14. <ul><li>Scotland is also known as the ‘Home of Golf’ - Mainly referring to St. Andrews, a small university town where golf was supposedly invented </li></ul><ul><li>Seve Ballesteros won the British Open Championship at St Andrews in 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>The Edinburgh ‘Fringe’ Festival - World Famous arts festival for comedians, writers, actors, street performers lasting for around one month </li></ul><ul><li>The Military ‘Tattoo’ presentation is one of the highlights of the festival </li></ul>
  15. 15. Famous Scots <ul><li>Inventors: John Logie Baird - Television Alexander Graham Bell - Telephone Alexander Fleming - Penicilin </li></ul><ul><li>Sean Connery - The original James Bond Sir Alex Ferguson - Manchester United Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - Creator of Detective Sherlock Holmes </li></ul>Dolly the Sheep - the first cloned mammal, created at Edinburgh University
  16. 16. Questions.... Questions......