Britain in the 16th and 17th century


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Britain in the 16th and 17th century

  1. 1. Britain in the XVI and XVII century The Tudors and the Stuarts
  2. 2. The reign of the Tudors <ul><li>The War of the Roses </li></ul><ul><li>The Bubonic plague (the Black Death) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing importance of trade </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing power of barons </li></ul><ul><li>The Anglican church was established </li></ul><ul><li>English naval power increased </li></ul>
  3. 3. Henry VIII <ul><li>1509 - 1547 </li></ul>Catherine of Aragon m. 1509 - 1533 Divorced Anne Boleyn m. 1533 - 1536 Executed Jane Seymour m. 1536 - 1537 Died Anne of Cleves m. 1540 Jan. - July Divorced Kathryn Howard m. 1540 - 1542 Executed Katherine Parr m. 1543 - 1547 Widowed If a lion knew his strength, it were hard for any man to hold him. - Sir Thomas More of Henry VIII
  4. 4. Mary I (1553-1558) <ul><li>Brought back the Roman Catholic church and the heresy legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Several unsuccessful plots – the rebels were hung; Elizabeth imprisoned in the Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Executions continue: supporters of Protestantism burnt at the stake </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elizabeth I (1558-1603) <ul><li>The “Golden Age” </li></ul><ul><li>1557 - Mary Queen of Scots executed </li></ul><ul><li>1558 - The Spanish Armada attacks England but is finally defeated by Sir Francis Drake </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tudor buildings <ul><li>Cotswold limestone houses </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hampton Court Palace
  8. 8. Globe Theatre <ul><li>The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613. A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642 . </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Stuarts <ul><li>1603 - James I becomes a king </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland and England are united under one crown </li></ul><ul><li>5 th Nov 1695 – The Gunpowder plot – Guy Fawkes is burnt alive – Bonfire night </li></ul>
  10. 10. Charles I (1625-1649) <ul><li>Raises taxes without the consent of the House of Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Puritan movement becomes stronger – the “Pilgrim Fathers” leave for America (1620) </li></ul><ul><li>1642 - The Civil War breaks out - the Royalists (the Cavaliers) vs the Parliamentarians (the Roundheads) </li></ul><ul><li>1649 – Charles I is executed </li></ul>
  11. 11. Commonwealth of England (1649-1660) <ul><li>Oliver Cromwell becomes a Lord Protector </li></ul><ul><li>Military government </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance in Ireland is crushed – the British Isles are united under a single crown </li></ul><ul><li>Puritanism prevails – theatres and other forms of amusement are abolished </li></ul>
  12. 12. Charles II – the Restoration (1660-1685) <ul><li>The rigid laws of the Protectorate are relaxed; greater religious freedom granted </li></ul><ul><li>1665 – The Great Plague in London and the south of England </li></ul><ul><li>1666 – The Great Fire of London </li></ul><ul><li>First moves towards a cabinet style of government – the Tories and the Whigs </li></ul>
  13. 13. St. Paul’s Cathedral <ul><li>Architect: Christopher Wren </li></ul>
  14. 14. James II (1685-1688) <ul><li>Tries to re-establish Catholicism; </li></ul><ul><li>Believes in absolute monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Tories and Whigs ally against him </li></ul><ul><li>1688 – the Glorious Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>James II exiles in France </li></ul>
  15. 15. William and Mary of Orange (1689-1602) <ul><li>The Bill of Rights was passed, which limited the rights of the monarch and prohibited Catholics from ruling </li></ul><ul><li>The Bank of England was established </li></ul>
  16. 16. Queen Anne (1702-1714) <ul><li>1707 – the Act of Union brought together Scotland and England to form Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Union Jack was adopted as the new national flag, incorporating the crosses of St.George (England) and St.Andrew (Scotland). </li></ul><ul><li>England gained new territories : Newfoundland, Acadia, St.Kitts, Minorca, and Gibraltar. </li></ul><ul><li>Anne outlived all her 17 children, which marked the end of the Stuart dynasty. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Thanks for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>