Northern Ireland


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Northern Ireland

  1. 1. T HE E ME R A L D I S L E m313
  3. 3. 17 century :English and Scottish planters settled in Ireland th Oliver CROMWELL 1800 : Act of Union the United Kingdom 1801: The Union Jack of was adopted Great Britain & Ireland was created
  4. 4. The Great Famine 1800 >> 1922 : 8 million 1845 Irish people emigrated to England, Australia and the United States
  5. 5. memorial of the potato famine
  6. 6. a more political memorial
  7. 7. Dublin
  8. 8. In 1916 a group of Irish Republican rebelled against English rule - at the time English Dublin Po s t Offic e whe re the rio t to o k plac e forces occupied Ireland. The rebels took over the Dublin Post Office
  9. 9. Their leader : Eammon De Valera became a hero for Irish nationalists. The rebellion was put down by the English. The leaders were executed. De Valera escaped the death penalty because he had a double nationality: Irish & American This event is remembered as EASTER RISING
  10. 10. a mural re pe s e nting Eas te r Ris ing
  11. 11. The post office today + commemoration of Easter Rising Flag of the Irish Republic Following Easter Rising Collins trained the Irish Republican Army
  12. 12. finally in 1921: after years of resistance and terrorist attacks by the IRA the British signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty with Irish Representatives Prime Minister Lloyd George Prime Minister Anglo-Irish Treaty Lloyd George
  13. 13. Anglo- Irish Treaty 1921: or Act of Partition divided Ireland into 2 parts : - Northern Ireland (Ulster = 6 counties) - Southern Ireland 1948 : became the Republic of Ireland (EIRE) Following the Treaty a Civil War broke out between those who wanted a united Ireland and an Irish Republic and those who considered that the Treaty was a stepping stone towards a free Ireland...
  14. 14. THE TROUBLES After the partition Northern Ireland (Ulster) remains part of the UK Belfast, its capital, is divided into protestant areas and catholic ones Religious, social and economic division between the protestant majority and the catholic minority led to riots.
  15. 15. Terrorist attempts on both sides kept northern Ireland in a state of virtual civil war > 2 terrorist groups: the IRA (catholic) and the UDA (protestant) British "peace keeping" troops were stationed in Northern Ireland This period of terrorist violence which started in the 60s is known as the Troubles
  16. 16. In Belfast and other cities murals illustrate landmarks in the bloody history of Northern Ireland Here are some examples...
  17. 17. After a long peace process : April 10th 1998 The Good Friday agreement is signed The result: A parliament with shared powers. Bertie Ahern and Tony Blair
  18. 18. The End