A presentation meant for lecturers in engineering colleges to help them appreciate the need for learning and teaching good spoken English. The presentation includes many example sentences for each
A presentation meant for lecturers in engineering colleges to help them appreciate the need for learning and teaching good spoken English. The presentation includes many example sentences for each basic situation.
7% WORDS Words are only labels and the listeners put their own interpretation on speakers’ words 38% PARALINGUISTIC The way in which something is said - the accent, tone and voice modulation is important to the listener. 55% BODY LANGUAGE What a speaker looks like while delivering a message affects the listener’s understanding most.
When you want to get to know someone, ask about their hobbies and interests. Questions: What do you like doing? What sort of hobbies do you have? What do you do in your free time? Replies: In my free time, I… When I have some spare time I… When I get the time, I… I relax by (watching TV) I'm interested in (+ noun / gerund) I enjoy (+ noun / gerund) Like doing vs like to do We use like + gerund to talk about general likes: I like fishing. We use like + infinitive to talk about more specific likes: I like to go fishing at the weekend.
There are four main ways in English to form a question. Raise your voice at the end of a sentence. Begin the sentence with a question word. Place the linking very or auxiliary verb at the beginning of the sentence. Begin the sentence with a form of Do.
&quot;Excuse me/Pardon me&quot; is used before a question to make it polite. Another way of making direct questions more polite is to add 'please' at the end of the question, NOT at the beginning.
To know the spelling or pronunciation of a word, ask: How do you spell/pronounce the word? To find out the Telugu meaning of an English word, ask: What is the meaning of the word? Or What does the word mean? To find the meaning of a word, ask: What is the English word for?
To ask someone to do something for you without sounding rude: Use the imperative form to give orders, warnings and advice: Be quiet! Listen to me carefully! We can soften the imperative with &quot;let's&quot; or &quot;please&quot;: Let's go now. Please listen to what I'm saying. 2. Use a modal verb to change the mood, to turn an order into a request: &quot;You should help her&quot; is more polite than &quot;Help her!“ Could you make me some tea? Can you come here please? Will you shut the door please? Would you wait here until the doctor is ready for you? 3. Use an introductory phrase: Here are some common ways of phrasing an order, in order of the least direct to the most direct: Would you mind moving your car? It's obstructing the passage. Do you think you could park your car somewhere else? I'd like you to move your car. I want you to move your car.
Here are some of the ways you can express your happiness in English. I’m (absolutely) delighted I’m really pleased I’m so happy I couldn't be happier. That is fantastic / wonderful / great / marvelous! When you hear good news you can say: What great / wonderful / fantastic news! We've been waiting so long for this (moment). Stress the adverbs and adjectives for greater emphasis: I'm so happy. What fantastic news!
Say “Congratulations” when something good happens to a person: Getting engaged or married Having a baby Having a wedding anniversary Being accepted into college, or graduating from college Getting a job or promotion Receiving an award or recognition (for example, “Employee of the Month”) Having some success – opening a new business, buying a house, etc. Don’t say “congratulations” on birthdays – say “Happy birthday!” instead! You can also make a sentence using “on”: Congratulations on your promotion! Congratulations on getting into University! Say “Good job!” when a person did something good: The person did good work on a project The person played well in a game or sang/danced well in a performance The person got the answer to a question right in school Some variations are “Great job!” and “Nice job!” You can also make sentences with “on”: Good job on the sales report – it was accurate and well-organized. We say “lucky you!” when something good happened to the person by luck, when they received something nice or a good opportunity. Winning the lottery Receiving free tickets to a show Going on three months of vacation We don’t make sentences with “Lucky you!” – you say it alone. But you can make sentences with “You’re so lucky that…” You’re so lucky that you get the day off from work tomorrow! You’re so lucky that the teacher didn’t notice you were late to class! Say “That’s great news!” (or one of the variations below) to respond to some information or a piece of news, for example: “ My son passed all his exams.” “That’s great news!” “ Our company grew 20% this year.” “That’s wonderful news!” “ A new cultural center is opening in the neighborhood.” “That’s fantastic news!” Say “I’m so happy for you!” when there is (or will be) a very positive change in someone’s life, especially when their life will be very different as a result. Getting engaged or married Having a baby Getting into college Getting a job or promotion You can also use it together with “Congratulations”: “ We’re going to have a baby!” “Congratulations! I’m so happy for you! You’ll be great parents.” Good for you! Say this when a person has done (or is going to do) something to make their life better: “ I quit smoking last year.” “Good for you!” “ I’m going to study abroad.” “Good for you! I’m sure it’ll be a great cultural experience.” “ I signed up for a cooking class.” “Good for you! I bet you’ll really enjoy it.”
Here's a list of some common expressions to help you express shock and disbelief, in unexpected situations such as natural calamities. Shock I was shocked to hear… The news came as a complete shock. We're all in complete shock. It happened out of the blue. Who could have predicted it? I (just) can't get over …. We were completely taken aback by… I was just stunned by… Disbelief I just can't believe… It's unbelievable. I / You just can't imagine… Words can't describe… (how I feel about / the terrible devastation etc) Saying how bad something is It's so awful. It's terrible / What terrible news. It's a tragedy.
&quot;I'm hoping for a new cell phone.&quot; &quot;I'm hoping to get a new phone.&quot; I would like to have a new phone. I really want… (Using &quot;want&quot; can be impolite unless you are talking to a close friend or family member.) &quot;I'd be delighted if you gave me a new phone.“
Preferences &quot;I'd rather have tickets to the movie.“ &quot;I'd prefer some money for the new house.“ &quot;I'd prefer it if you gave some money to charity.&quot; … .. would be more suitable / would be better If it's all the same to you, …. (&quot;If it's all the same to you, I'd like some book tokens.&quot;)
When giving a present I thought you might like this for your birthday. It's only something small, but I hope you like it. I thought this might go well with your new dress. When receiving a present Thank you so much! It's lovely / fantastic / wonderful. It's something I've always wanted! Wow! What a thoughtful present! If you don't like a present Thank you so much! What to write on present tags Wishing you a happy anniversary, love (name) On a present to a non-family member: With best wishes for a happy ………, (name)
Show interest in the other speaker You don't need to say much. Often just one word is needed to show you are interested and listening. Try &quot;Really?&quot; (with a rising intonation), &quot;Right&quot; or &quot;Sure&quot;. You could even show you are listening with a non-word such as &quot;Mmm&quot;. &quot;I hate listening to those boring lectures.&quot; &quot;Right.“ Use a short phrase to show your feelings For example, &quot;How awful&quot;, &quot;Oh no!&quot;, &quot;You're joking&quot;, &quot;What a pity&quot; etc. &quot;My neighbor had a car accident yesterday.&quot; &quot;Oh no!“ Ask a short question You can use an auxiliary verb to make a short question which will encourage the other speaker to keep talking: &quot;We tried out the new South Indian restaurant last night.&quot; &quot;Did you?&quot; “ We are going to Goa next week on holiday.&quot; &quot;Are you?” &quot;It's raining again.&quot; &quot;Is it?“ Repeat what the other person said Do this especially if the other person has said something surprising. &quot;He won the bumper prize on the lottery.&quot; “The bumper prize!&quot; &quot;I'm going to Goa for a holiday.&quot; “Goa!&quot;
Sequencing words These words show the chronological sequence of events. First of all, I packed my suitcase. Secondly, I made sure I had all my documents. Previously (before that) I had bought some foreign exchange. Then… I called a taxi for the airport. Later (on) when we were stuck in traffic, I realized that I might be late. But before all that I had double checked my reservation. Finally I arrived at the wrong check-in desk at the wrong airport for a flight that didn't go until the next day. Linking words can be used to show reason, result, contrasting information, additional information, and to summarize. I booked a flight because…. As a result, I was late… Although I had a reservation, I hadn't checked the airport name. I made sure I had an up-to-date passport and I also took along my driving licence. In short, I had made a complete mess of the holiday.
Here are some common expressions that you can use to describe general aches and pains and some useful sympathetic responses. General aches and pains: &quot;I'm not feeling very well.&quot; “ I've got a sore throat.&quot; &quot;I've got a slight backache.&quot; (Or toothache / stomach ache / headache) &quot;I feel a little faint.&quot; &quot;I've got a nagging pain in my shoulder.&quot; (nagging = a pain that won't go away) &quot;I've got a splitting headache&quot;
If you love something &quot;I love eating ice-cream.&quot; &quot;I adore sun-bathing.&quot; If you like something a lot &quot;She's fond of chocolate.&quot; &quot;I like swimming very much.&quot; If you like something &quot;He quite likes going to the cinema.&quot; &quot;I like cooking.&quot; If you neither like nor dislike something &quot;I don't mind doing the housework.&quot; If you don't like something &quot;She doesn't like cooking very much.“ &quot;I dislike wasting time.&quot; If you really dislike something &quot;I don't like sport at all.“ &quot;I hate crowded classes.&quot; &quot;He detests being late.&quot; &quot;She loathes onion.“ Things to remember… Dislike is quite formal. Fond of is normally used to talk about food or people. Common mistake Put very much or a lot after the thing that you like. For example, &quot;I like swimming very much.&quot; NOT &quot;I like very much swimming.&quot;
Agreeing in English &quot;I think you're right.&quot; &quot;I agree with you.&quot; Strong agreement &quot;I couldn't agree with you more.&quot; &quot;You're absolutely right.&quot; &quot;I agree entirely.&quot; &quot;I totally agree.&quot; Partly agreeing &quot;I agree with you up to a point, but…&quot; &quot;That's quite true, but…&quot; &quot;I agree with you in principle, but…”
Note When you disagree with someone, you can often sound more polite by using a phrase such as &quot;I'm afraid…&quot; Disagreeing strongly &quot;I don't agree at all.&quot; &quot;I totally disagree.&quot;
In spoken English, just saying “I disagree” is often too direct. Most English speakers use phrases that are modified to be more polite, or indirect methods to express disagreement. See how to disagree without offending anyone! Expressions for Polite Disagreement I’m afraid I disagree. “ We’ll need to buy at least 10 new machines this year in order to keep up with the increased production.” “ I’m afraid I disagree. If we focus on improving the efficiency of the equipment we already have, we could avoid making new purchases.” I beg to differ. “ Books are a thing of the past. The future is in online publications.” “ I beg to differ – a lot of people still prefer to have a book in their hands rather than read on a screen.” I’m not so sure about that. “ China will definitely be the dominant world power over the next century.” “ I’m not so sure about that. I just don’t think their current level of growth is sustainable.” Not necessarily. “ If everyone took shorter showers, the world’s water shortage problems would be solved.” “ Not necessarily. Far more water is used in the production of food, for example, than for taking showers.” I don’t see it that way. “ Globalization is just another way for rich countries to exploit poor countries.” “ I don’t see it that way. I think it’s a mutually beneficial relationship, and in fact a lot of developing countries have benefitted quite a bit.” I’m sorry, but I don’t agree. “ I think we should completely change the packaging of our product – it really needs a more modern look.” “ I’m sorry, but I don’t agree. If we change our product’s appearance, our current customers won’t recognize it anymore.” Yes, but… “ This backpack is only $9 – what a bargain!” “ Yes, but it doesn’t look like it’s made of very strong material.” Indirect Disagreement One way to disagree indirectly is simply to say your own opinion. It’s common to use the words well and actually, which signal that you are going to express a contrasting opinion. Well, in my opinion… “ Studying English grammar is the key to speaking correctly.” “ Well, in my opinion, it’s more important to practice listening.” Actually, I think… “ Maradona was the best soccer player of the past century.” “ Actually, I think Pele was better.” Informal Expressions for Disagreeing Note: Use these only among close friends, because they could be offensive in a professional context. No way! “ Titanic was Leonardo DiCaprio’s best film.” “ No way! Inception was so much better.” You can’t be serious. “ I think we should buy a new car.” “ You can’t be serious. We can’t afford that right now.”
These expressions are informal - you can use them with friends. In a professional situation, it is better to use “Yes” or other more formal expressions
&quot;If I were you, I would…&quot; &quot;Have you thought about…&quot; &quot;You really ought to…&quot; ('ought' is pronounced 'ort') &quot;Why don't you…&quot; &quot;In your position, I would…&quot; &quot;You should perhaps…&quot; &quot;You could always…&quot; Examples If someone says &quot;I'm having problems learning English&quot;, you could say: &quot;If I were you, I'd sign up for an English course.&quot; &quot;Have you thought about going to the UK for a couple of weeks?&quot; &quot;You really ought to watch English television.&quot; &quot;Why don't you read more English books?&quot; &quot;In your position, I would try and practise speaking English.&quot; &quot;You should perhaps look at the english-at-home.com website.&quot; &quot;You could always get a webpal.“ Speaking tip Many people don't like getting unsolicited advice! In such cases, you can try: &quot;You could always…&quot; &quot;Have you considered…&quot; &quot;Perhaps we could…&quot; &quot;Do you think it's a good idea to…&quot;
Asking someone's opinion &quot;What do you think?&quot; &quot;What's your view?” Giving your opinion neutrally &quot;I think…&quot; &quot;I feel that…&quot; &quot;In my opinion…&quot; &quot;As far as I'm concerned…&quot; &quot;In my view…&quot; Giving a strong opinion &quot;I'm absolutely convinced that…&quot; &quot;I'm sure that…&quot; &quot;I strongly believe that…&quot; &quot;I have no doubt that…&quot;
&quot;We're having some people over for dinner next Sunday. Would you like to come?&quot;
Sure, what time? Sounds good. I can’t. I’ve to study. Sorry, I’ve other plans.
Asking to meet &quot;Can we meet on the 27 th ?&quot; &quot;How does the 28 th sound to you?&quot; &quot;Are you free next week?&quot; &quot;Would Friday suit you?&quot; &quot;Is next Tuesday convenient for you?&quot; &quot;What about sometime next week?&quot; Agreeing on a date &quot;Yes, Thursday is fine.&quot; &quot;Thursday suits me.&quot; &quot;Thursday would be perfect.&quot; Suggesting a different date &quot;I'm afraid I can't on the 3rd. What about the 6th?&quot; &quot;I'm sorry, I won't be able to make it on Monday. Could we meet on Tuesday instead?&quot; &quot;Ah, Wednesday is going to be a little difficult. I'd much prefer Friday, if that's alright with you.&quot; &quot;I really don't think I can on the 17th. Can we meet up on the 19th?&quot; Setting a time &quot;What sort of time would suit you?&quot; &quot;Is 3 pm a good time for you?&quot; &quot;If possible, I'd like to meet in the morning.&quot; &quot;How does 2pm sound to you?&quot; Changing the arrangement &quot;You know we were going to meet next Friday? Well, I'm very sorry, but something urgent has come up.&quot; &quot;I'm afraid that I'm not going to be able to meet you after all. Can we fix another time?&quot; &quot;Something has just cropped up and I won't be able to meet you this afternoon. Can we make another time?&quot;
When you ask someone to do something for you, it's important to sound polite. Asking someone to do something for you &quot;Could you open the door for me, please?&quot; &quot;Would you mind opening the door for me, please?&quot; &quot;Can you open the door for me, please?‘ &quot;Can I use your computer, please?&quot; &quot;Could I borrow some money from you, please?&quot; &quot;Do you mind if I turn up the heating?&quot; &quot;Would you mind if I turned up the heating?&quot; Speaking tip : Could is more polite that can . Do you mind if…&quot; is followed by the verb in the present tense , but would you mind if… is followed by the verb in the past tense . When you're using these two sentences, don't use please . It's already polite enough!
English speakers make offers all the time in conversation and sound polite and helpful. &quot;Can I help you?&quot; &quot;Shall I open the window for you?&quot; &quot;Would you like another coffee?&quot; &quot;Would you like me to answer the phone?&quot; &quot;I'll do the photocopying, if you like.“ Shall is more formal than can . Would you like… is followed either by a noun, or by the verb with to . Responding to offers &quot;Can I help you?&quot; &quot; Yes please. I'd like to know what time the train leaves.&quot; &quot;Can I help you?&quot; &quot; No thanks , I'm just looking.&quot; (In a shop.) &quot;Shall I open the window for you?&quot; &quot;Yes please. That would be very kind of you.&quot; &quot;Would you like another coffee?&quot; &quot; No thanks .&quot; Or, &quot; No thank you .&quot; &quot;Would you like another coffee?&quot; &quot; Yes please, that would be lovely .&quot; Or, &quot; Yes please, I'd love one .&quot; &quot;Would you like me to answer the phone?&quot; &quot; If you wouldn't mind .&quot; Or, &quot; If you could .&quot; (Don't answer &quot;Yes, I would&quot;, as this sounds like you expect someone to do it for you.) &quot;I'll do the photocopying, if you like.&quot; &quot; It's OK, I can do it .&quot; Or, &quot; Don't worry, I'll do it. &quot;Or, &quot; Thank you, that would be great .“
This is an example conversation where one person says something that the other person thinks is strange. LUIZ: &quot;English is a very easy language to learn.&quot; IRENE: &quot;What do you mean?&quot; LUIZ: &quot;Well, what I meant to say was that it is easy if you practise every day.&quot; IRENE: &quot;Oh, right.&quot; Rephrasing expressions &quot;What I meant to say was…&quot; &quot;Let me rephrase that…&quot; &quot;Let me put this another way…&quot; &quot;Perhaps I'm not making myself clear…&quot; Back to the beginning If you're explaining something, and you realize that the other person doesn't understand, you can use the following phrases: &quot;If we go back to the beginning…&quot; &quot;The basic idea is…&quot; &quot;One way of looking at it is…&quot; &quot;Another way of looking at it is…&quot; If you forget the English word If you forget the word you want to use, you can say: &quot;I can't find the word I'm looking for…&quot; &quot;I'm not sure that this is the right word, but…&quot; &quot;What I want to say is…&quot; Speaking Tip Don't be afraid to repeat what you're saying, especially if you can do it in a slightly different way.
When complaining, it helps to be polite. In a shop You're in a shop and the assistant gives you the wrong change. &quot;Excuse me, I think you've given me the wrong change&quot;, or &quot;Sorry, I think this change is wrong. I gave you $20, not $10.&quot; In a hotel &quot;Excuse me, but there's a problem with the heating in my room.&quot; &quot;Sorry to bother you, but I think there's something wrong with the air-conditioning.&quot; &quot;I'm afraid I have to make a complaint. Some money has gone missing from my hotel room.&quot; &quot;I'm afraid there's a slight problem with my room – the bed hasn't been made.&quot; When people apologize, they normally say &quot;sorry&quot; and offer to put the situation right. &quot;Excuse me, but there's a problem with the heating.&quot; &quot;I'm sorry – I'll get someone to check it for you.&quot; or &quot;Sorry to hear that – I'll send someone up.&quot; Speaking tip Although you may find it strange to use the word sorry when you complain, English speakers consider it polite. It will help you get what you want!
Beginning a relationship Have a crush on someone To “have a crush on someone” means you feel romantically attracted to that person. Often people keep their “crushes” a secret because they are afraid that the feelings aren’t mutual (that the other person doesn’t have the same feelings). Example: I have a crush on a girl in my English class. She’s beautiful, smart, and funny – but I’m too shy to talk to her! Flirt with someone When you “flirt with someone,” you do things and say things that show you are interested in that person romantically. Another informal phrase is “hit on someone” – it doesn’t mean to hit the person violently; it means to flirt! Example: Did you see the guy who was flirting with Jenny? He bought her a drink, talked to her all night, and asked for her phone number. Ask someone out When you “ask someone out,” you invite them to do something with you in a romantic context – for example, seeing a movie or having dinner in a restaurant. Example: Peter finally asked me out! We’re going to the theater together on Friday night. Fall in love When you “fall in love,” you start having romantic feelings about another person. Example: I think I’m falling in love with Melissa. I can’t stop thinking about her! Love at first sight Some people believe in “love at first sight” – when you fall in love with a person in the first moment you see or meet him or her. Example: I knew Mary would become my wife from the moment I first saw her at the party. It was love at first sight! In a relationship Date “ Date” is both a noun and a verb. As a noun, it means a romantic activity that two people do together. Example: My date with Peter last Friday was wonderful. I really enjoyed his company at the theater. As a verb, it means “in a relationship with” Example: I heard that your brother is dating a model. Is it true? Going out with “ Going out with” is another informal way to say “in a relationship” Example: Did you know that Mark is going out with Andrea? Stand someone up When you “stand someone up,” you agree to go on a date with the person, but then you don’t go (and you don’t call or give any explanation). It’s considered rude to do this. Example: I was planning to have dinner with Barbara, but she stood me up. I waited for her at the restaurant for three hours, but she never came. Hug When you “hug” someone, you put your arms around them: Kiss You use your lips to “kiss” someone: Propose When you propose to someone, you ask the person to marry you. In English, most people propose with the words, “Will you marry me?” Example: John proposed to Sarah on the beach at sunset.
Engaged When a person is “engaged,” it means they have agreed to marry someone. Example: Did you hear? John and Sarah are engaged! They’re planning a June wedding. It’s common for women who are engaged to wear an engagement ring: Engagement rings often have a diamond. Fiancé / Fiancée A man who is engaged is called a fiancé, and a woman is called a fiancée. Example: My fiancée has already sent out the wedding invitations. Note: Fiancé and fiancée are always used with a possessive such as “my” “his” and “her.” So we don’t say “She’s a fiancée.” We say “She’s engaged.” Get married When two people make the commitment to stay together as husband and wife. Example: We got married in 1972, so we’ve been together for more than 30 years! Note: Click here to learn about the difference between commonly confused words “marriage,” “wedding,” and “married” Note: On the day of the wedding ceremony, the woman is called the bride and the man is called the groom Honeymoon When a recently-married husband and wife travel or take some vacation time to be together. Example: They went to Costa Rica for their honeymoon. Anniversary The date on which the husband and wife got married. Many couples celebrate this date every year by going out to dinner or exchanging gifts or flowers. Example: My parents’ wedding anniversary is May 22nd. Note: Anniversary is different from “birthday.” Birthday is the celebration of the day you were born; anniversary is the celebration of the day you were married. Ending a relationship Break up / Split up These words mean “end a relationship” – it can be a boyfriend/girlfriend relationship or a husband/wife relationship. Example 1: Jerry and Amanda split up because he wanted to have children and she didn’t. Example 2: I think I’m going to break up with my boyfriend. We just don’t have much in common. Separated To be “separated” means that a husband and wife are not living together, but are not officially divorced. Example: I heard that Sandra and her husband are separated at the moment. I hope they can work out their problems. Divorce To “divorce” means that a man and woman formally and legally end their marriage. Example: “I divorced my husband after he became an alcoholic.” Ex- Add ex- to describe people you had relationships with in the past: ex-husband, ex-wife, ex-girlfriend, ex-boyfriend. Example: I’m not friends with my ex-boyfriend because our relationship ended pretty badly. Note: Some people say only “ex” without saying husband, wife, etc. For example, “My ex won’t stop calling me! I wish she would stop!”
When you don't understand &quot;Sorry, I don't understand.&quot; &quot;Sorry, could you repeat that?&quot; &quot;Sorry? I didn't get that.&quot; Looking for words to express yourself You don't want to be completely silent, but you need time to find the words. &quot;Well…&quot; &quot;OK…&quot; &quot;So…“ To change the subject You've all given your opinion, and now you want to talk about something else. &quot;Anyway,…&quot; &quot;Well, as I was saying…&quot; &quot;So, back to …&quot;
To agree with the other person You want to show that you agree, but you don't have anything else to say. &quot;Yeah.&quot; &quot;Right.” You can use &quot;Yes, please&quot; or &quot;No, thank you&quot; in response to a question: &quot;Would you like your curry spicy?&quot; &quot;Yes, please&quot; or &quot;No, thank you.&quot;
Bye / Bye-bye / See ya soon / See ya later / Catch ya later / Take care / Take it easy / Have a good one!
HelloHi, good morning.How are you all?My name is Raju. I am a retired English teacher.Its a pleasure to be talking to you all this morning. mnRAJU
Make a New Friend • Rise from your seats and look around. • Find someone you do not know well. • Introduce yourself to him/her. • Know each other. • Form a pair. • Sit together. mnRAJU
Indians Are Everywhere!• Over 50 lakh Indians in America.• 35,000 Doctors in America are Indians.• 12% Scientists in America are Indians.• 36% NASA employees are Indians.• 34% Microsoft employees are Indians.• 5,000 US University Professors are Indians.• 35% USA hotels are owned by Indians.• 1 lakh Indians are studying in US universities. mnRAJU
India’s Pool of Knowledge Workers • Every Year, we add > 5,00,000 Engineers > 1,00,000 MBAs > 1,00,000 IT Professionals• Still, we have less than 1 crore Indian youth in Universities (with about 10.5% tertiary enrolment, India ranks a poor 94th) mnRAJU
What Ails?Why only 5% to 10% fit to be employed by Top Rated Companies?2. Poor Communication Skills188.8.131.52.7. mnRAJU
What is Effective Communication? sending information from oneperson to others in such a way that the receiver understands it exactly the same way as the sender wants it understood. mnRAJU
Convey information intelligibly Be clear, concise, creative Pitch at the right level Praise liberally & criticize sparingly Let your tone & body speak Meaning & fluency vs. accuracy m n RAJU
7% Language38% Paralinguistics55% Body Language m n RAJU
Pairs discussArrive at possible reasons184.108.40.206.5. mnRAJU
1. Improve your life2. Access knowledge3. Enlarge your opportunity4. Push your career forward5. Communicate with the world mnRAJU
Why Don’t Students Use English? lack of language skills lack of confidence insufficient exposure fear of failure lack of motivation not an examination task mnRAJU 12
Why Don’t Teachers Use English? large classes limited time low entry level skills uninterested students lack of infrastructure mnRAJU 13
Possible Solutions speak as much English as possible teach necessary classroom language demonstrate an example ask a learner to repeat instructions encourage learners to help each other aim at fluency don’t immediately correct mistakes motivate learners mnRAJU 14
Pairs discussDefinie ‘speaking’Speaking is ……… …….. ………. …………. ………… …………………Speaking is communicating vocally. mnRAJU
Groups of 6 (birth month?) discussGroups present views ? mnRAJU
Short Questions Short answers Tag Questions Interruptions Incomplete sentences ........ mnRAJU
Interviews in pairs Discover 5 things in common Not obvious things Include one common achievement Include one common like/dislike Include one common goal A few pair presentations mnRAJU
FluencyAbility to express oneself readily and effortlessly mnRAJU
Fluency - Activity Just a Minute Jest a Minute Friendship Marriage PollutionMy Favorite Comedian TrafficJoke Narrate a mnRAJU
How many words Which words What does knowing a word mean? mnRAJU
Lexemic frequency dictionaries o 80% of occurrences by only 20% of words 1,000 words for a basic conversation 2,000 words to survive through the day 8,000 words to converse with a European 15,000 word families for university studies mnRAJU
Talk to fluent speakers/friends/family Listen to English channels Think in English Read short stories/plays/fiction/ anything that interests you Visit internet forums/blogs/comments mnRAJU
First MeetingRekha: Hi, my name is Rekha. Glad tomeet you.Sapna: Hello, Rekha, Im Sapna. Its apleasure to meet you.Rekha: What do you do Sapna?Sapna: I am in B Com second year. mnRAJU
First MeetingRaju: Let me introduce myself. I’m Raju from Government College, Gajwel.Madhavi: Pleased to meet you. I’m Madhavi from GDC, Kurnool.Vasu: How do you do? I’m Vasu fromMedak Degree College. mnRAJU
Use Generouslya. Pleaseb. Thank youc. Excuse med. I’m sorrye. Do you mind, . . . ? mnRAJU
Once more, pleasePardon me?Excuse me?Say that again, please.What was that again?Will you please say that again? mnRAJU
GreetingsHi, how are you?Hi, how are things?Hello, hows life? Fine thanks, and you? I’m good, what about you? Not bad, and how are you? mnRAJU
GreetingsHello Bhaskar, how are you?Hey Padma, how have you been?Hi Venkat, what have you been up to?Malik, how are you dear?Guru, I haven’t seen you in a long time. mnRAJU
Responses to GreetingsNot too bad.The same as usual.Im doing very well. How about you?I am relieved. I’ve just finished my exams.Im pretty busy preparing for exams.Everything is great. mnRAJU
ProfessionWhat do you do?What are you doing?What do you do for a living? I work at a bakery. I am studying. I work in a software company. Im a college teacher. mnRAJU
Hobbies & InterestsWhat do you like doing?What sort of hobbies do you have?What do you do in your free time? When I’ve spare time, I like to … I am interested in … I enjoy … mnRAJU
Asking Questions1. You are coming?2. Are you sure you are coming?3. Can you come again tomorrow?4. Did you come here yesterday?5. When will you come again? mnRAJU
Polite QuestionsExcuse me, what time is the train?Pardon me, when is the next class?Could you get me a ticket?Why are you here, please? mnRAJU
Classroom QuestionsHow do you spell the word _____ ?How do you pronounce the word ___ ?Whats the meaning of ____ in Telugu?What does the word _____ mean?What is the English word for ______?How do you say ____ in English? mnRAJU
Giving InstructionsBe quiet.Please be quiet.Let’s be quiet.Could you close the door?Would you mind closing the door?If you don’t mind, please close the door. mnRAJU
Expressing Happiness I’m so happy. I’m delighted. I’m really pleased. I couldn’t be happier. That’s fantastic news! I’ve been waiting for this so long. mnRAJU
Saying SorryI’m so sorry to hear that.That must have been awful.“Oh no, what did you do?”“If there’s anything I can do, just let me know. OK?” mnRAJU
CongratulationsCongratulations on your promotion!Happy birthday!Good job!/Great job!/Nice job!Lucky you!That’s great news!I’m so happy for you! mnRAJU
Expressing ShockI was shocked to hear…The news came as a complete shock.We were completely taken aback by …I just cant believe/imagine …Its so terrible/awful./Its a tragedy.What terrible news!This is the worst that could have happened. mnRAJU
Expressing HopeIm hoping for/to get …I would like …Something Ive always wanted is …Id be delighted if …What Id like more than anything else ..On my wish list is … mnRAJU
Expressing Preference Id prefer (noun) Id rather have (noun) I’d prefer it if you (simple past) It would be better if If I had a choice, I would go for… mnRAJU
Giving/Receiving Gifts I thought you might like this. Its something small, but I hope you like it. Its something Ive always wanted! Wow! What a thoughtful present! Thank you so much! I wish you a happy _____. With best wishes for a happy ____ (name) mnRAJU
Keep a Conversation Going Show interest: Really?/ Right/Sure Use a short phrase/Ask a short question Oh no!/What a pity!/Youre joking Did you?/Are you? /Is it? Repeat what the other person said: “He has won the gold medal.” “The gold medal!” mnRAJU
Linking WordsFirst of all,/Secondly,/Finally, .......Previously/Later (on)Then/AgainBefore that/Immediately after thatBecause…./As a result, …Although,/In short, mnRAJU
Health & IllnessIm not feeling well.Ive got a cold/sore throat.Ive got a slight/nagging backache.I feel a little faint. Im sorry to hear that. You dont look very well. You look a little pale. Why don’t you go home and get some rest. mnRAJU
Likes & DislikesShes fond of ice-cream.I like swimming very much.I dont mind waking up early.I dislike wasting time.I hate waiting for anyone.He detests being late.She loathes onion. mnRAJU
Agreeing with SomeoneI think youre right.I agree with you (entirely)I couldnt agree with you more.Youre absolutely right.I agree with you up to a point, but…Thats quite true, but…I agree with you in principle, but… mnRAJU
Disagreeing with Someone Im not sure I agree with you. Im afraid, I dont agree. (Im afraid) I cant agree with you. I dont share your opinion. I dont agree at all. I totally disagree. mnRAJU
Disagreeing with Someone I beg to differ. Not necessarily. I don’t see it that way. Yes, but. . . Well, in my opinion . . . Actually, I think . . . No way! mnRAJU
Saying “Yes”Yes. I’ll e-mail it to you right away.Sure!Yeah, I got only one question wrong!Mm-hmm! I’ll be there around 8. mnRAJU
Saying “No”No. She’s just having a bad day.No way. I gave you two books last week, and you still haven’t returned them.Nope. I spent the whole night studying. mnRAJU
Giving AdviceI suggest that . . .You should perhaps…Why dont you…If I were you, I would…You could always…Have you thought about… mnRAJU
Giving OpinionI think…/I feel that…In my opinion…/In my view ...As far as Im concerned…Im absolutely convinced that…Im sure/I have no doubt that …I strongly believe that… mnRAJU
InvitingWould you like to come?Are you free next weekend?Are you doing anything next Friday?Would you be interested in coming ...?How do you fancy going out . . .? mnRAJU
Accepting & DecliningSure,/ Id love to, thanks.Thats very kind of you, thanks.What a great idea, thanks. Thats very kind of you, but actually… Well, Id love to, but Im already … Im really sorry, Ive got … mnRAJU
AppointmentsCan we meet on the 27th July?Are you free next Saturday?Would Friday suit you?What about sometime next week?Is 3 pm a good time for you?Yes, Thursday is fine/Thursday suits me.Im afraid I cant on the 5th. What about the 6th? mnRAJU
Asking for helpCould you …, please?Would you mind …, please?Can you …, please?Can I use your … , please?Could I borrow … , please?Do you mind if …?Would you mind if I …? mnRAJU
Offering/Accepting help Can I … ? Shall I … ? Would you like … ? If you like, … Yes please. If you wouldnt mind. No thanks./No thank you. mnRAJU
ClarifyingWhat I meant to say was …What I want to say is …Let me put this another way …Let me rephrase that …Perhaps I’ve not made myself clear.Another way of looking at it is … mnRAJU
ComplainingExcuse me, I think ...Sorry, I think ...Excuse me, but theres a problem …Sorry to bother you, but I think …Im afraid I’ve to make a complaint.Sorry to hear that... mnRAJU
Expressing “I Love You” Beginning a Relationship Have a crush on someone Flirt with someone Ask someone out Fall in love Love at first sight In a relationship Date Going out with Propose (“Will you marry me?”) mnRAJU
Marriage & DivorceEngaged (an engagement ring)Fiancé / FiancéeGet marriedBride and GroomHoneymoonAnniversaryEnding a relationship/Break up / Split upSeparatedDivorcedEx (ex-husband, ex-wife, ex-girlfriend, ex-boyfriend) mnRAJU
Helpful PhrasesWhen you dont understand:Sorry, could you repeat that?Sorry? I didnt get that.Taking time to express yourself:Well…/OK…/So…To change the subject:Anyway, . ./However, . ./But . . mnRAJU
Helpful PhrasesTo agree:Right./ OK./Sure./Yes.To accept an offer:Yes, please.To decline an offer:No, thank you. mnRAJU
Some Useful PhrasesEverything will work out just fine!Things do happen.I hope theres nothing serious.Thats how rumors get started.Im tied up for the moment.I’ve got a tight schedule today! mnRAJU
GoodbyeGoodbye, teachers. Let’s call it a day.Bye bye, Mr Raju. Have a good day.Thanks! See you again!Thanks. mnRAJU
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