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Middle Age: Feudalism and Bourgeoisie

Middle Age: Feudalism and Bourgeoisie

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    Middle age Middle age Presentation Transcript

    • MiddleAge
      FEUDALISM
    • The Middle Ages is the long period between the V and XV: A thousand years of history where the world changes.It is divided into two periods.
    • After the fall of the Roman Empire and the arrival of the barbarians, Europe will become an insecure area with constant invasions of the Hungarian people, Normans, Vikings and Muslims. 
    • The growing insecurity along with the crisis that Europe had suffered with the fall of the Roman Empire, it produces two very closely related phenomena:RURALIZATIONSELF-SUFFICIENCYAfter the year 1000, ending the era of invasions and economic and demographics recovery begins.
    • XI Century
      Kings were losing power and the landowners were building castles and gathering armies to defend themselves.
      XIII Century
      The farmers looked for the protection of the landowners and, in turn, gave them a piece of land. This led to the development of the feudal and feudal lords, and the origin of feudalism. 
      XV Century
    • FEUDAL PYRAMID
      KING
      Privileged
      NotPrivileged
      Nobles, Knights and Monks
      Serfs
    • AGREEMENT BETWEEN LORD AND SERVANT
      Those who sought their protection to the feudal lords, land and in return received a number of duties that made ​​them vassals of these people.
      Military and economicalprotection
      Ceremony of agreement
      Fidelity
      Paytaxes
      Work
      Help
    • THE FEUDAL LAND SYSTEM
      The farmer had to work the Lord’s lands a few days a week and pay taxes on the use of their piece of land as well as the use of the resources of the feuds (mills, wood,etc.)
    • THE ROL OF THE CLERY
      Feudalism
    • The medieval world was essentially Christian. In which the clergy was one of the privileged groups. The church had tremendous power in all aspects of society: economic, political and cultural.
    • ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE
      The medieval Church consolidated its economic power through:Donations of money or land (in exchange for the salvation of the soul of the donor).The collection of tithes for which they received 10% of production.
    • PoliticalImportance
      The papacy strengthens its power over the nobles and kings (they try to impose the authority of Christianity).Struggles between kings and the clergy for power (Investiture Controversy).
    • Cultural Importance
      The church led the medieval world culture through:
      Translation of books in the monasteries.
      Regulatory and civilizing influence.
      Importance of pilgrimages.
    • In the Middle Ages distinguished between two types of priests:  
      SECULAR priests who ran the parish and lived among the laity.
      REGULAR
      Monks and nuns in monasteries.
      The monastery was the cultural center of the Middle Ages. It worked as a great fiefdom, with lands and vassals under him. 
    • The Crusades wars were promoted by the papacy to conquer the Holy Land from the Muslims.These military expeditions joined many knights, nobles and kings of Europe who came with their armies.From 1095 to 1270 seven crusades took place and eventually failed.However, in the commercial and contact between people, the Crusades helped develop trade between East and West.
      TheCrusades
      Video
    • LOW MIDDLE AGE
    • The years went by and some small towns were growing, the population grew and cities began to emerge. 
      These cities were gradually becoming:
      Economic centers based on trade and crafts.
      Cultural centers thanks to the birth of universities.
      With these changes, a new class, the bourgeoisie, which became more powerful and came to confront the power of the nobility.These are the characteristics of the late Middle Ages that begins in the thirteenth century.
    • THE ROUTE OF SPICES AND SILK
    • BOURGEOISIE
      The bourgeoisie were urban middle class residents who did not depend on any feudal relation. The bourgeoisie gradually gains economic and social power.
    • BOURGEOISIE: THE END OF FEUDALISM
      New institutions such as municipalities, which were the organs of city government, defense and taxation. They were elected by all citizens.
    • COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
      Cities are the commercial center on a larger scale. 
      Trade is done with other areas, with products made in the city.
      Banking companies develop and the use of money becomes popular.
      Merchants are organized in unions, associations of the same offices to regulate production, prices and sales.
      Fairs (markets) were organized.
      Trade routes are established.
      The crafts industry emerges.
    • END OF FEUDALISM
      As the feudal economy was an obstacle to commercial trade Bourgeois became allies of the kings who supported them with money to buy weapons and pay an army to overpower feudal lords and this way they were able to unite the territory under the rule of the king. That king in exchange would make laws in favor of the bourgeoisie. And this is how large European nations emerged and were ruled by Kings.