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Anglo saxons


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Anglo saxons

  1. 1. Anglo-Saxons Timeline detailed with links to specific dates Timelineon this day (events) West Stow re-enactment (great information & pictures about Anglo- Saxon life) Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (Teacher resource all words!) Biographies (loads of links) Brief Introduction to Anglo-Saxons (BBC) Sutton Sutton Hoo Room Timeline (extremely detailed)
  2. 2. Who were the Anglo-Saxons "The Anglo-Saxons" is the general name given to the Germanic peoples who inhabited Britain between the fifth and the eleventh centuries, between the Romans and the Normans. More… Anglo-Saxons (W oodlands Primary School) Who were the Saxons? (child friendly page) Life in Anglo-Saxon England The Anglo-Saxon period lasted for some six centuries, from the arrival of Germanic invaders from the continent during the early fifth century AD to the Norman Conquest of 1066. This was a time of immense political and social upheaval which saw major changes in almost all aspects of everyday life. More… Early Anglo-Saxon Period Settlement. We know very little of the first several hundred years of the Anglo- Saxon, or "English", era, primarily because the invaders were an illiterate people. Our earliest records of them are little more than highly inventive lists of rulers. More… The Saxons ( Saxon Photographs Sutton Hoo ( lots of information (rather wordy) Anglo-Saxon Kings and Anglo-Saxons (bbc)
  3. 3. Where did they come from? The simple answer is probably all up and down the North Sea coast, from Denmark and from the northern coasts (in modern terms) of Germany, the Netherlands, and France. More…. Did they really arrive in AD449 In fact they arrived much earlier. The late Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus records the Saxones among the barbarians (along with Picts and Scots) who were harrassing the Britons in about AD 365, and the mid-fifth-century Gallic Chronicle mentions another severe raid in 410, and the fall of Britain to the Saxons "after many troubles" in 441. The date "449" comes at the end of a long history of confusion. More… The Saxons Arrive! When did the Anglo-Saxons arrive? Maps (super source of maps throughout the timeframe)
  4. 4. The People People (list format places etc) Anglo-Saxon Literature Did you know… The ancient Anglo-Saxons celebrated the return of spring with a carnival commemorating their goddess of offspring and of springtime, Eostre. The word carnival possibly originated from the Latin ‘carne vale' meaning "flesh, farewell" or "meat, farewell." The offerings were rabbits and coloured eggs, bidding an end to winter. Being a Child in Saxon Times Sutton Hoo Treasures What Saxons looked like Hermits Women and Children… Anglo-Saxon women appear to have enjoyed considerable independence, whether as abbesses of the great ‘double monasteries’ of monks and nuns founded during the seventh and eighth centuries, as major land-holders recorded in Domesday Book (1086), or as ordinary members of society. More… Social class The main division in Anglo-Saxon society was between slave and free. Both groups were hierarchically structured, with several classes of freemen and many types of slaves. More… Life expectancy
  5. 5. Work and Leisure Leisure When they weren't fighting (one wonders when that was) the favourite pastimes of the Dark Ages were dice and board games such as chess. More.. Anglo-Saxon Past-times Anglo-Saxon Games British & Saxon Minstrels Because of the importance of farming in the Anglo-Saxon economy, a high proportion of occupations were to do with agriculture and animal husbandry. Male slaves in particular often worked as farm labourers. Skilled artisans were also needed, and the high quality of surviving metalwork, art and sculpture testifies to the level of craftsmanship that could be attained. Fine embroidery was carried out by ladies, the most famous example being the Bayeux Tapestry depicting the events leading up to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. More… 9 Men Morris (play online) Hnefatafl Saxon Board Game (online) What we know about Anglo-Saxon Games Virtual Gallery showing various skills making jewellery etc. Anglo-Saxon Technology a Metalwork images Anglo-Saxon Glass The vast majority of complete vessels come from early Anglo- Saxon. More recent excavations of contemporary settlements have revealed fragments of similar vessels types, indicating there are few, if any, differences between domestic glass and those ritually deposited in graves. More…
  6. 6. Anglo-Saxon homes, how and where they lived The Anglo-Saxons generally lived and worked in small, but complex and sturdy, thatch roofed buildings which clustered around a larger, social hall. Each family group might have 5 or 6 smaller buildings around a larger hall. How they lived (bbc) Explore an Anglo-Saxon Village (interactive site) Saxon Burghs(child friendly page) Saxon Villages(child friendly page) Saxon Palaces (child friendly page) Inside a Great Hall (child friendly page) Household items found at Sutton Hoo Anglo-Saxon Burghs (Towns)… Alfred began a policy encouraging the formation of fortified towns, or burghs, throughout his lands, such that no place in Wessex was more than 20 miles from a town. More … What did the Saxons eat and drink? Where did the Anglo-Saxons live? Virtual Gallery House More Photos More Images Anglo-Saxon Homes KS1 Resource Anglo-Saxon Food KS1 Resource Saxon Architecture Saxon Food Farming Anglo-Saxon demonstration fa
  7. 7. Religion, Gods & Burial Saxon Churches(child friendly page) The Saxon ChurchWhat was it all about? Pagan Saxons Saxons become Christia Monasteries Books & Manuscripts The Lindisfarne Gospel Items found in Saxon Graves The Sutton Hoo Burial Ship Who was buried there? Missionaries Saxon Gods Famous Saxon Churches Tappa Tump burial treasures Images of Items The Prittelwell Prince A Saxon Cathedral discovered in Canterbury Anglo-Saxon Death Virtual Gallery Finds from BurialsCremation Urns images Anglo-Saxon Soldier buried with his horse The Anglo-Saxon gods have the same origins as the those in Germanic mythology and those that became the gods of the Scandinavian mythology. We can get an idea of the Anglo-Saxon mythology from the Scandinavians. The Anglo-Saxons were a largely illiterate society and tales were orally transmitted between groups and tribes by the travelling minstrels, the scops, in the form of verse. Anglo-Saxon Myths Nordic Gods Religion
  8. 8. Anglo-Saxon Clothing, Jewellery & Art Saxon Ladieswear Saxon Men Jewellery Saxon Carving Saxon Dress Silverfound atSutton Hoo Anglo-Saxon costumes Anglo-Saxon Women Anglo-Saxon Men Anglo-Saxon Costume How did the Anglo-Saxons make their clothers? Dress Cyneburg to go to the Feast (interactive activity) Virtual Gallery Jewellery etc. VirtualGallerycircularBrooches Buckles, bracelets & Pins More Brooches
  9. 9. Law & Order Execution burials Slavery – Slave owners were responsible for the actions of their slaves. Read the laws governing slavery in Anglo-Saxon times. (all words) More… Anglo-Saxon kings were prolific legislators, and a number of law-codes survive from the seventh to eleventh centuries. The earliest have much in common with continental Germanic law, including a ‘personal injury tariff’ or schedule of compensation for various kinds of bodily injuries. More… Crim e & Punishm ent The long arm of the law The roots of Law
  10. 10. Runes & Education Saxon writing Saxon Schools Beowulf Room W riting & Runes Schooling -Education in the Anglo-Saxon period was the exclusive responsibility of the church. Schools could be linked to the monasteries or located in the priest or bishop’s home. More..
  11. 11. Trade & Money From the middle of the eighth century, Anglo-Saxon coinage standardized on the silver penny, which was about the size of (though much thinner than) a modern quarter or 10p piece. More…Saxon Coin Game Anglo-Saxon Odessy take a journey and raise (interactive activity) Anglo-Saxon Trade and Taxes Anglo-Saxon Coins Activity Follow the fortunes of an Anglo-Saxon Trade Ship
  12. 12. Battles & Weaponry Battle of Hastings 1066 Anglo Saxon Britain Viking raids the Norman invasion Sutton Hoo Sword Sutton Hoo Helmet Sutton Hoo Helmet Patterns Sutton Hoo Weapons Sutton Hoo Shield More Sutton Hoo Pictures Dress Osric to fight the Vikings (interactive activity) Clothing & Weapons Anglo-Saxon Weapons & Warfare KS1 Resource Bayeux Tapestry Bayeux Tapestry
  13. 13. Teacher Resources Hidden Animals on the Ang (interactive activity) Doomsday Game (interactive activity) Anglo-Saxon Stew (download the recipe) Stories of King Arthur (read and see) Friendship Bracelet Activity (instructions) History Hunt (Interactive activity) Beowulf’sDragon (Storylinkpluspaint& sendina dragonBritishMuseum) Treasures of a Saxon King (site showing archaeological discoveries) Make an Anglo-Saxon Manuscript Solve the Anglo-Saxon Riddle Anglo-Saxon Rune Activity Sheet Make your own Timeline Spot the objects that do not fit into Anglo-Saxon Times Activity Sheet Help Hild find the objects she needs for the feast (interactive activity) Arrival & Settlement KS2 (interactive research unit – an ideal ICT Lesson) Bede King Alfred Everyday Life Evidence Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon Clothing KS1 Resource Anglo-Saxon History KS1 Resource Anglo-Saxon Weapons & Warfare KS1 Resource Anglo-Saxon Food KS1 Resource Printable worksheets from BBC education