The Ottoman Empire

11,103 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
3 Comments
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
11,103
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
27
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,733
Comments
3
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Ottoman Empire

  1. 1. Ottoman Empire 1453-1918
  2. 2. Something to think about <ul><li>How did the Ottoman Empire become so powerful? </li></ul><ul><li>How can religion be used to help strengthen an empire? Explain. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The people think of wealth and power as the greatest fate.” – Do you agree or disagree?. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were a Nomadic group of Turkish people that originally came from central Asia. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Ottoman Empire <ul><li>It rose to become a world empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire was dynastic </li></ul><ul><li>Its territories and character owed little to national, ethnic or religious boundaries, and were determined by the military and administrative power of the dynasty at any particular time. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Ottoman Empire <ul><li>The Ottomans attempted to bring as much territory as possible into the Islamic fold. The non-Muslims living in these areas were then absorbed into the Empire as protected subjects. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Fall of the Byzantine Empire <ul><ul><li>Roman Empire or Romania. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oriented towards the Greek culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian State Church rather than roman paganism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greak-speaking rather than latin-speaking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Center:   &quot;City of Constantine&quot; (alternatively &quot;New Rome&quot;). </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Fall of Constantinople The blockade lasted from Friday, 6 April 1453 until Tuesday, 29 May 1453 ,when the city was conquered by the Ottomans.
  8. 9. Fall of Constantinople <ul><li>End of the final of the Roman Empire, an empire which had lasted for nearly 1,500 years. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a massive blow to Christendom. </li></ul><ul><li>Constantinople the Ottoma Empire's new capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Several Greek and non-Greek intellectuals fled the city before and after the siege, migrating particularly to Italy. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Expansion of the Ottomans
  10. 11. <ul><ul><ul><li>Ottomans capture Constantinople (1453) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut trade with Europe & Asia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made it difficult for Europeans to pass. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquered Egypt & North Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Muslims under one rule. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Suleiman the Magnificent </li></ul><ul><li>The Rule of Suleiman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim ruler from 1520-1566. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named the “Lawgiver”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established & enforced strict laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the Koran. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstructed the Ottoman system of rule. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Suleiman’s Social Class System <ul><ul><li>Citizens were organized into fo ur social groupings: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The men of the pen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judges, imams (prayer leaders), other intellectuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Under Suleyman, became the empire’s bureaucrats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Later split into men of the pen and men of religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men of the sword: military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men of negotiations, such as merchants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men of husbandry: farmers, livestock raisers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher citizens  special privileges. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><ul><li>Educated men held the highest rank. Important advancements made in science, architecture & literature. </li></ul></ul>

×