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Rise of rome


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Rise of rome

  1. 1.  Legend: Aeneas settles in Rome afterTrojan War His descendants, Romulus & Remusfound Rome History: 600s BC: Etruscans conquerRome 509 BC: Etruscan king overthrown &republic established
  2. 2. Hills & Rivers Built on 7 steep hills What advantages did the land near Rome offer?Farm Life Live in simple huts of mud or timber What values did Roman farmers share?
  3. 3.  Republic lasted 500 years Conflict between patricians & plebeians 450 BC: Constitution written (12 Tables) Three Branches of Government
  4. 4. Executive 2 consuls Commanded army & directed gov’t forone year Power of vetoLegislative Senate: Assemblies:Judicial 8 judges served for one year
  5. 5.  Leader with absolute power In times of crisis, could beappointed for a limited time 458 BC: Cincinnatus madedictator Defeated the enemy & returnedpower in one day
  6. 6.  By 275 BC: dominate central Italy & Greece How did the Romans treat these conqueredpeople?
  7. 7.  Three wars with North African city-state Carthage Starts 264 BC Rome wins all three warsHighlights 2nd: Hannibal invades Rome with elephants 3rd: Rome destroys Carthage and enslaves its people
  8. 8.  Positive Effects Negative Effects
  9. 9.  General, politician, dictator Captures the entire regionof Gaul Advocated reforms to helpthe poor His popularity made othersnervous 44 BC: Senate names himdictator for life Expanded the Senate Created jobs for the poor
  10. 10.  Senators fear Caesars growing power March 15, 44 BC: assassinated on the Senate floor What happens after Caesar is killed?
  11. 11.  Adopted son of Julius Caesar 27 BC: Becomes first emperor How did Augustus rule?
  12. 12.  “Peace of Rome” Lasted 200 years 2 million square miles 300,000 men in army Public works projects By 100s AD: Empire stretches from Spain toMesopotamia; N. Africa to Britain
  13. 13. Agriculture Most Romans farmersIndustry Manufactured:Trade Land and sea trade routesthroughout Mediterranean What’s not grown is traded for
  14. 14.  What is currency? What are the advantage of currency?
  15. 15.  Father was the head of the household Women ran household and raised children Could not vote Wealthy boys educated at private schools Girls married at age 14
  16. 16.  Who was in the new middle class? 1/3 of population slaves Most did physical labor Slave revolts common, but usually unsuccessful
  17. 17.  Believed in hundreds of nature spirits Borrowed the idea of gods in human form from Etruscans Borrowed many specific gods form the Greeks Priests were government officials Emperors worshiped as gods
  18. 18.  1 million people ( What problems existed in the city of Rome?
  19. 19.  Large homes in countryside Attended theater and threw dinner parties What foods were served at Roman dinner parties?
  20. 20.  Problem: free-flowing human waste Solution: Problem: lack of fresh water Solution: Problem: many Romans dirty Solution:
  21. 21.  “Bread and Games” Rome gave free grain to the poor Entertainment at public areas Chariot races at the Circus Maximus Gladiator fights in the Coliseum What did Romans like about these contests?
  22. 22.  63 BC: Rome conquersJewish kingdoms inJudea Jewish sacred writingspromise a Messiah What did the Jewsbelieve about thepromised Messiah?
  23. 23.  Jewish Born in Bethlehem, grew up in Nazareth Traveling preacher with many followers whobelieved him to be the promised Messiah.
  24. 24.  What was Jesus’ message? How did Jesus teach his lessons?
  25. 25.  Jesus’ claim of being theMessiah made him athreat to the RomanEmpire. Pontius Pilate, the Romangovernor of Judea,condemned Jesus todeath. Jesus rose from death,proving his divinity.
  26. 26.  Church encouraged charity, helping thepoor, equality Gentiles (non-Jews) also convert to Christianity Debate over whether Christians should followJewish law At first, Rome ignores Christianity
  27. 27.  Saul converted to Christianity onthe road to Damascus Expert in Jewish law Roman citizen. Why did this help? Took advantage of the PaxRomana to spread Christianity
  28. 28.  Gentiles need not follow Jewish law to be Christians Wrote epistles (letters) to churches he foundedthroughout the Mediterranean Paul explained Christian beliefs and encouragedconversion
  29. 29.  Arrested by the Romans inJerusalem 60 AD: House arrest inRome for two years Dies in Rome Most influential Christianmissionary