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Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo
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Regional CA project proposal in degraded annual cropping systems areas in South East Asia. Panyasiri Khamkéo

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A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

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  • 1. Conservation Agriculture Network in South East Asia (CANSEA) Regional Conservation Agriculture Project Proposalin Degraded annual Cropping Systems areas in South East Asia “USING CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE TO IMPROVE FARMERS INCOMES IN DEGRADED AREAS PROJECT PROPOSAL FOR LAO PDR, VIETNAM, CHINA (YUNAN)” 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 2. Outline• Overview• Experience and knowledge on CA in China, Laos and Vietnam.• CA context, Contribution to Generate Income of Farmer• Perspective of CA in Member`s Countries.• Conclusion 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 3. OverviewIn recent years, South East Asiaagriculture has experienced profound andrapid changes. The joint process ofdeforestation, new land extension andagricultural intensification has often ledto vast soil erosion and gradual soilexhaustion. CA has considerably improvedsituation. 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 4. “USING CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE TO IMPROVE FARMERS INCOMES IN DEGRADED AREAS PROJECT PROPOSAL IN LAO PDR, VIETNAM, CHINA (YUNAN)” 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 5.  Characteristics of specific degraded areas chosen Degraded Degradation Major annual Country Domain area (km2) type crop Upland 10,000 Human Maize Laos Lowland 15,000 Natural Rice Upland 20,000 Human Maize Vietnam Lowland 4,000 Natural Maize Upland 10,000 Human Soyabean China (Yunnan) Lowland Rice 6,000 Human These 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29 for others pilot areas would be references
  • 6. 65th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 7. Deep tillage on steeply land in Laos Erosion in Northern Vietnam Erosion Erosion in China - Yunnan 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 8. Degraded soils by erosion and acidity in China, Laos and Vietnam Northern Laos Uplands + China-Yunnan Savannakhet and Northern Vietnam Pakse plains + Xieng Khuang Cultivated areas 1,115,000 ha 4,600,000 ha 3,000,000 ha Areas In cereal Degraded land By 1.800.000 ha 1,000,000 ha Important erosion 40% Degraded land by 2.800,000 ha 2,000,000 ha Important acidity 60% Slash and burn practice Mono cropping : Rain fed Rice, Maize, Tea, cassava, perennial crops Farming systems (Rubber…) Emergence of commercial mono cropping Very low yields Present yield Rice = 1.0 – 3.0 T/ha; Maize = 2 – 5 T/ha; Poverty rate 15% 40% 31.6% 8 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 9. Experience and knowledge on CA in China, Laos and Vietnam 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 10. Conservation Agriculture is an agro ecological approach associating rural development with environmental preservation. It is a generic concept integrating the wholeagricultural practices & aiming both at viability and sustainability of agriculture and environment protection. 10
  • 11. 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 12. CA in Northern Vietnam 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 13. Acidic Soils Xieng Khuang Objectives Increase pH Correct FertilityImproved forages Improve Production & Brach + Styo incomes Rice Direct Seeding DiversificationBeef production Correcting fertilizers Soyabeans Direct Seeding 2T/ha CaCO3 + legume Micro éléments Pig fattening Intensify Meat production Crops Rotation 500 Kg/ha/year Rice +Soyabeans + Maize 13 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 14. Crop residues management “Maize Monoculture”J F M A M J J A S O N D Maize cycle duration 4 monthsMaize residues Maize direct seeded(DM 5 t.ha-1) on maize residues 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 15. Crop residues management: 2 years rotation sequence “Maize – Vigna umbellata (rice-bean)”YEAR 1J F M A M J J A S O N D Rice-bean direct seeded on maize residues Maize residues (DM 5 t.ha-1)J F M A M J J A S O N D maize direct seededYEAR 2 on rice-bean residuesRice-bean residues (DM < 5 t.ha-1)
  • 16. Introducing cover crops 2 years rotation sequence “Maize+B. ruziziensis – Vigna umbellata”YEAR 1 J F M A M J J A S O N D maize direct seeded on rice bean residues Rice-bean residues (DM < 5 t.ha-1) J F M A M J J A S O N DYEAR 2 rice bean direct seeded on maize & maize & ruzi mulch ruzi mulch Before sowing (DM 7-8 t.ha-1)
  • 17. EXPERIENCES AND KNOWLEDGES Creation of innovative systems for the Plain of Jars, enhancing biodiversityRice direct seeded on mulch of B. ruziziensis (Plain of Jars)
  • 18. Rice direct seeded on mulch of S. guianensis (Plain of Jars)
  • 19. Rice direct seeded on mulch of finger millet + Pigeon pea (Plain of Jars) Aromatic rice direct seeded on mulch of B. ruziziensis + pigeon pea
  • 20. Experience and knowledge Nutritional function for livestock by rational use of fodder 5thImproved pastureland, Pek district, Xieng Khouang (LAOS) WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 21. Experience and knowledgeCut & carry Fattening out of field Integrate forages in crops rotations & Animal production in farming systems 500 to 1,000 Kg/ha gain of weight according to the length of the rainy season Control grazing onto the field 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 22. EXPERIENCES AND KNOWLEDGES Creation, characterization and technologies Technologies A large range of equipments adapted to the local conditions
  • 23. CA Context/Technology,Contribution to Generate Farmer`s Income 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 24. 1 ha CA-DMC in Upland 1 ha in Upland traditional system 50% Maize in association with Soybean 50% Stylosanthes + Bracharia 1ha Maize in association with Soybean + Animal production (cattle fattening) Conventional agriculture No Tillage + Direct seeding Including soil tillage Inputs 1,750 Inputs 700 Investments/year 150 Investments/year 0 Gross Incomes 3,750 Gross incomes 1,650 Net Incomes US$ Net Incomes US$ 1,900 950 Nb of working days 135 Nb of working days 131 Net incomes per US$ Net incomes per US$27/09/2011 day working 14.1 working day CANSEA - WCCA Side Event 7.3
  • 25. After a 4 years program (Upland Cropping) For Uplands CA is a solution to both Research 1 1,600,000 improve agricultural production &Small Research Centre 10ha $ productivity, increase poorest (20%) farmers’ incomes and preserve the Research natural resources 7 Demonstration Sites Development 1500$ + 950 $ Per 6 400 000 Per/CA ha/year 350 Ha-CA Validation Sites $ Farmers’ Groups (80%) 5 250 + 5 000 000 $/year Families (1ha CA) + 950 $/ha/year 35 000 Persons 27/09/2011 CANSEA - WCCA Side5250 ha in CA Event 25
  • 26. Comparison of conventional (CV) maize monocropping and CA-DMC Maize/Vigna biannual rotationData from demonstration & validation sites (LAOS) Maize Yields kg/ha CV CA-DMC % CV/CA- DMC 2006 3003 3067 102% 2007 3680 4701 128% 2008 3675 5237 143% Net Profit USD/ha CV CA-DMC % CV/CA- DMC 2006 150 299 200% 2007 377 735 195% 2008 190 426 224%
  • 27. Perspective of CA inChina(Yunan),Laos and Vietnam 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 28. • Conservation Agriculture LAOS`s case1- Government Decree on adoption ofSCV-CA as promising technic for Agri- production and need for IntegrationSCV- CA into the cursus of Agri-Facult No554 dated (21/4/2005) 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 29. • Conservation Agriculture LAOS`s case2-Official Ministry Circular Message on the use of SCV/CA in application No 0372Maf dated 11/may/20055th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 30. • Case of LAOS 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 31. Perspective of CA • Conservation Agriculture LAOS`s case Establishment of National Conservation Agriculture Centre (NCAC) in 16/03/2009 Promotion the use of CA in application through different RDP within MAF (Decree No: 0565/MAF, dated 11/02/2011 ). 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 32. Perspective of CA • Case of LAOS Establishment of Provincial Conservation Agriculture Development Fund in 2009 (Sayaboury). 5060 ha.(7000ha CA Laos) Farmer adoption of CA for Maize production in South Sayaboury Province. A lot of CA technologies being used in among Rural Development Project within the Country 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 33. Conclusion 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, Septe
  • 34.  Conservation Agriculture has to compete with the“Traders’ systems” offering the same level ofmechanization performance and then attract privateservice providers who presently prefer make money withthe plowing business. Research will accompany the development by creatinginnovation to be tested with and for farmers. Extension Services will perform a real support Farmers’ groups will get official status authorizingaccess to credit facilities at normal rate… 27/09/2011 CANSEA - WCCA Side Event 34
  • 35. We need supports to develop and disseminate CA according to the three regional priorities we have defined: - Intensify and diversify uplands farming systems; - Restoration of the fertility of degraded soils; - Improve Capacity Building of our Engineers and Technicians. We need to develop new scientific / development partnerships and new technical exchanges with organizations, institutions , private sectors We need support from Donors to fund regional rural development programs based on CA to produce more while protecting our natural resources on this proposed theme27/09/2011 CANSEA - WCCA Side Event 35 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 36. Using CA to improve farmer`s incomes in Degraded areas (Project proposal)ROJECT PROPOSAL PROJECT PROPOSAL IN LAO PDR, VIETNAM, CHINA (YUNAN) Panyasiri K, NAFRI, Lao PDR Sen PT, NOMAFSI, Vietnam Baokun L, YAAS, China (Yunnan) Autfray P, CIRAD-NAFRI, France Lao PDR27/09/2011 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29
  • 37. Thank You for your attention 5th WCCA, Brisbane, Australia, September 26-29

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