Laik R, Saharawat Y, Singh SS, Ladha JKICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region          Patna (Bihar), India             ...
Carbon Footprint The total amount of greenhouse gases produced to  directly and indirectly support human activities,  usu...
Equivalent CO2 emission                                 CO2 emitted per                      Unit  Fuel type              ...
Approach in Experiment for CA practices Saving conventional source of energy in crop  production Curtailing     energy  ...
Experimental detail Location –   ICAR Research Farm               Patna (Bihar), India Soil     –   Alluvial, Clay loam...
Experimental detail… Four scenarios of crop production in 3 replications with   large plot size each of 1900 m2Scenario - ...
Scenario 1 – Farmer practice  Rice – WheatTillage       CT-CTResidue       RemovalmanagementCrop health   As usualNutrient...
Scenario 2 : Best Available PracticeRice – Wheat - Mungbean  Tillage         CT-ZT-CT Residue          Anchored- managemen...
Scenario 3 : Conservation AgricultureRice – Wheat - CowpeaTillage       ZT-ZT-ZTResidue       Retention -management    Anc...
Scenario 4:Best Practices & DiversificationRice – Maize + Potato -       Cowpea  Tillage        ZT-CT-ZT  Residue        R...
Wheat grain/equivalent yield (t ha-1) during 2009-10                                         WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
Rice grain yield (t ha-1) during kharif 2010 CD (5%): 0.88                                   WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
Irrigation water (mm) applied - winter 2009-10                                     WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
Net income (US $ per ha) - winter 2009-10                                 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
Distribution of cost of production (US $ /ha)                                   WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
Net income (US $ per ha) in rice cultivation (2010)                                       WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
Distribution of cost of production (US $   per ha) for rice cultivation (2010)                                 WCCA 2011, ...
Irrigation water (mm) applied for    rice cultivation(kharif 2010)                             WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Austra...
Estimation of carbon footprint Tillage practice –diesel consumed  ~ CO2 emission (3.15 kg per litre)    Ref : G. Trümper ...
400                                                           378                                                         ...
14001200                                                                     a1000         b800                           ...
450400      a              a350300250200150100                                                        b                   ...
2300             a22002100                       a20001900                                          b               b18001...
Carbon footprint of crop production due to shift from conventional to CA. Ranjan Laik
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Carbon footprint of crop production due to shift from conventional to CA. Ranjan Laik

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A presentation from the WCCA 2011 event held in Brisbane, Australia.

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Carbon footprint of crop production due to shift from conventional to CA. Ranjan Laik

  1. 1. Laik R, Saharawat Y, Singh SS, Ladha JKICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region Patna (Bihar), India WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  2. 2. Carbon Footprint The total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). A carbon foot print is the total amount of CO2 and other green house gases emitted over the full life cycle of a process or product. It is expressed as grams of CO2 equivalent per kilowatt hour of generation Ref.: Postnote October 2006 Number 268 Carbon footprint of electricity generation. www.parliament.uk/post WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  3. 3. Equivalent CO2 emission CO2 emitted per Unit Fuel type unit One gallon (UK) 10.4 kgPetrolPetrol One liter 2.3 kg One gallon (UK) 12.2 kgDiesel One gallon (USA)Diesel 9.95 kgDiesel One liter 2.7 kg WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  4. 4. Approach in Experiment for CA practices Saving conventional source of energy in crop production Curtailing energy consumption by new/improved management practices Intensification and diversification with best management. Estimating energy consumption on the basis of carbon footprint principle. WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  5. 5. Experimental detail Location – ICAR Research Farm Patna (Bihar), India Soil – Alluvial, Clay loam Rainfall – 1000 mm annual Project – Platform Research (CSISA) – BMGF WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  6. 6. Experimental detail… Four scenarios of crop production in 3 replications with large plot size each of 1900 m2Scenario - Drivers of change Crop Mgt (CM)Business as usual Farmers practiceIncreasing food demand Best AvailableIncreasing food demand, Degrading natural Conservationresources, energy and labor crises AgricFood and nutritional security, Intensification Diversificationand Diversification, farm profitability Best practice WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  7. 7. Scenario 1 – Farmer practice Rice – WheatTillage CT-CTResidue RemovalmanagementCrop health As usualNutrient As usualmanagement WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  8. 8. Scenario 2 : Best Available PracticeRice – Wheat - Mungbean Tillage CT-ZT-CT Residue Anchored- management removal - incorporation Crop health Best Available Nutrient Best Available management WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  9. 9. Scenario 3 : Conservation AgricultureRice – Wheat - CowpeaTillage ZT-ZT-ZTResidue Retention -management Anchored- RetentionCrop health Best AvailableNutrient SSNM basedmanagement WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  10. 10. Scenario 4:Best Practices & DiversificationRice – Maize + Potato - Cowpea Tillage ZT-CT-ZT Residue Retention - management Anchored- Retention Crop health Best Available Nutrient SSNM based management WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  11. 11. Wheat grain/equivalent yield (t ha-1) during 2009-10 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  12. 12. Rice grain yield (t ha-1) during kharif 2010 CD (5%): 0.88 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  13. 13. Irrigation water (mm) applied - winter 2009-10 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  14. 14. Net income (US $ per ha) - winter 2009-10 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  15. 15. Distribution of cost of production (US $ /ha) WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  16. 16. Net income (US $ per ha) in rice cultivation (2010) WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  17. 17. Distribution of cost of production (US $ per ha) for rice cultivation (2010) WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  18. 18. Irrigation water (mm) applied for rice cultivation(kharif 2010) WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  19. 19. Estimation of carbon footprint Tillage practice –diesel consumed ~ CO2 emission (3.15 kg per litre) Ref : G. Trümper et.al. 2010 Carbon dioxide emissions of different soil tillage systems ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meetings, Oct. 31-Nov. 3, Long Beach, CA Irrigation – electricity consumed (kwh) ~ CO2 emission (1000 g per kwh) Ref.: Postnote October 2006 No. 268 Carbon footprint of electricity generation. www.parliament.uk/post WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  20. 20. 400 378 a350 b 315300250200150 c c100 63 63 50 0 S1 S2 S3 S4 Equivalent CO2 (kg ha-1) required for tillage by diesel in winter crop production during 2009-10 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  21. 21. 14001200 a1000 b800 c c600400200 0 S1 S2 S3 S4 Equivalent CO2 (kg ha-1) required for irrigation by electricity during winter crop production in different scenarios (2009-10) WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  22. 22. 450400 a a350300250200150100 b b 50 0 S1 S2 S3 S4 Equivalent C02 (kg ha-1) required for tillage by diesel in rice production during 2010 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
  23. 23. 2300 a22002100 a20001900 b b180017001600 S1 S2 S3 S4 Equivalent CO2 (kg ha-1) required for irrigation by electricity in rice production during 2010 WCCA 2011, Brisbane, Australia
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