Robotics

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Robotics

  1. 1. YEAR ROBOT NAME INVENTOR 1939 ELECTRO WASHINGTON HOUSE ELECTRIC CORP. 1948 ILSI/ILMER WILLIAM GREAY WALTER 1956 UNIMATE GEORGE DEWOL 1961 UNIMATE GEORGE DEWOL 1963 PALATIZER FUJI YUSOKI KOGYO 1973 FAMULOUS KUKA ROBOT GROUP 1975 PUMA VICTOR SPANEMAN Robotics : History
  2. 2. Robotics : Terminology
  3. 3. Human v/s Robots Human Robots Brain System Neural Technology Skeleton Kinematics Muscles Actuators Energy Source: 1) Food 2) Water Energy Source : 1) Batteries (lead-acid) 2) Pneumatic (compressed gases) 3) Hydraulics (compressed liquids) Untested Sources: Nuclear Power
  4. 4. Components: Structure The structure of a robot is usually mostly mechanical and can be called a kinematic chain. Kinematic means to provide functionality to Robots being similar to the skeleton of the human body Mostly we will see the robots similar to Human Skeleton. Others like animals ,birds … are rarely seen.
  5. 5. Components: Power Source Robots get energy from…………… Pneumatic (compressed gases) Hydraulics (compressed liquids) (lead-acid) Batteries Still Untested Energy Source Nuclear Fusion reactors
  6. 6. Components: Actuation Actuators are like the "muscles" of a robot, the parts which convert stored energy into movement The most popular actuators are electric motors that spin a wheel or gear, and linear actuators that control industrial robots in factors A robot leg powered by Air Muscles
  7. 7. Components: Actuation Another Actuators are……………………. Series Elastic Actuators Air muscles Muscle wire Electroactive Polymers Piezo motor Elastic nanotubes
  8. 8. Components: Sensing The Robotics Technology is right now using prosthetic hands for Robots. Touch Sensing Recent research has developed a tactile sensor array that mimics the mechanical properties and touch receptors of human fingertips.
  9. 9. Components: Sensing Vision Sensing As a scientific discipline, computer vision is concerned with the theory behind artificial systems that extract information from images. Computer vision systems rely on image sensors which detect electromagnetic radiation which is typically in the form of either visible light or infra-red light.
  10. 10. Components: Locomotion Locomotion is the walking system for robots. Two-wheeled balancing One-wheeled balancing most mobile robots have four wheels. However, some researchers have tried to create more complex wheeled robots, with only one or two wheels. e.g.
  11. 11. Spherical orb robots Six-wheeled robots Tracked robots Components: Locomotion
  12. 12. Components: Locomotion Other methods of locomotion Flying Snaking
  13. 13. Components:Human Robot Interaction To work as Human want robots must be capable to interact with human being. Following are the technologies to make interaction between Human and Robots. Speech recognition Facial expression Artificial emotions Personality
  14. 14. Film based on Robotics
  15. 15. Prepared By : Jignesh N. Khunt Site : khuntjignesh.webnode.com

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