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Robotics

BASICS ABOUT ROBOTICS EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ROBOTICS

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Robotics
Robotics
A re-programmable, multifunctional, automatic
industrial machine designed to replace human in
hazardous work is known as a robot .It can be
used as:-
 An automatic machine sweeper
 An automatic car for a child to play with
 A machine removing mines in a war field
 In space
 In military , and many more.
 The branch of technology that deals with
the design, construction, operation, and
application of robots, as well as
computer systems for their control,
sensory feedback, and information
processing is robotics.
 Robotics may be easily defined as ”The
study of robots”.
 The aim of robotics is to design an
efficient robot.
Robotics is needed because of:-
 To save labor and reduce cost.
 Speed
 Can work in hazardous/dangerous
temperature
 Can do repetitive task
 Can do work with accuracy.
 Can do work with efficiency
 Adaptability
 The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer
Karel Capek(1890-1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's
Universal Robots), published in 1920. The play begins in a
factory that makes artificial people called robots . Capek was
reportedly several times a candidate for the Nobel prize for
his works .
 The word "robotics", used to describe this field of study, was
coined accidentally by the Russian –born , American
scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov(1920-1992)
in 1940s.

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Robotics

  • 3. A re-programmable, multifunctional, automatic industrial machine designed to replace human in hazardous work is known as a robot .It can be used as:-  An automatic machine sweeper  An automatic car for a child to play with  A machine removing mines in a war field  In space  In military , and many more.
  • 4.  The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics.  Robotics may be easily defined as ”The study of robots”.  The aim of robotics is to design an efficient robot.
  • 5. Robotics is needed because of:-  To save labor and reduce cost.  Speed  Can work in hazardous/dangerous temperature  Can do repetitive task  Can do work with accuracy.  Can do work with efficiency  Adaptability
  • 6.  The word robot was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Capek(1890-1938) in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots . Capek was reportedly several times a candidate for the Nobel prize for his works .  The word "robotics", used to describe this field of study, was coined accidentally by the Russian –born , American scientist and science fiction writer, Isaac Asimov(1920-1992) in 1940s.
  • 7. Asimov also proposed his three "Laws of Robotics", and he later added a “Zeroth law”.  Zeroth Law : A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm  First Law : A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law  Second Law: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law  Third Law : A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.
  • 8. Industrial robots: Industrial robots are electronically controlled, both programmable and reprogrammable to carry out certain tasks with high precision and accuracy. Aerospace robots: Robots can be used in aerospace for outer space exploration . Healthcare : A highly possible advancement in healthcare is using robots in robotic surgery.
  • 9. Military robots: The worst part of robotics is that it may used in military use which may curtail human life instead of upholding it. Robots in music: Robots now can play various musical instruments .there are many bands consisting of programmed robots who play music. Robots in sports: Robots are used to examine players biomedical data, physical fitness and also help trainers and coaches determine the likelihood of a player . Robots are also used to play sports as well.
  • 10.  Most industrial robots have at least the following five parts  Sensors  Effectors  Actuators  Controllers  Arms
  • 11. Sensors: A sensor is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (today mostly electronic) instrument. Actuator: An actuator is a type of motor for moving or controlling a mechanism or system. It is operated by a source of energy, typically electric current, hydraulic fluid pressure, or pneumatic pressure, and converts that energy into motion.
  • 12. Effector: An effector is the device at the end of a robotic arm, designed to interact with the environment. The exact nature of this device depends on the application of the robot. Controller: Controller is used in robotics to control the input and output of the robot.
  • 13. Arm: Robotic arm is a type of mechanical arm usually programmable with a similar functions to a human arm.
  • 14. Mobile robots: Mobile robots are of two types:- Rolling robots- Rolling robots have wheels to move around. They can quickly and easily reach a desired place. However they are only useful in flat areas. Walking robots:- Robots on legs are usually brought in when the terrain is rocky. Most robots have at least 4 legs: usually they have 6 or more.
  • 15. Stationary robots:- Robots are not used to explore areas or imitate a human being. Most robots perform repeating tasks without ever moving an inch. Most robots are ‘working’ in industry settings and are stationary. Autonomous robots: Autonomous robots are self-supporting or in other words self-contained. In a way they rely on their own ‘brains’.
  • 16. Virtual robots:- Virtual robots don’t exist in real life. Virtual robots are just programs, building blocks of software inside a computer. Remote-control robots:- A person can guide a robot by remote control. A person can perform difficult tasks without being at the spot where the tasks are performed
  • 17.  Giving us information that humans can't get  Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored  They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and accurately
  • 18.  There is also the problem of evil people using robots for evil purposes.  People can lose jobs in factories  It needs a supply of power  It needs maintenance to keep it running.
  • 19. In future the population of robots will grow rapidly.  This growth is lead by Japan that has almost twice as many robots as the USA.  All estimates suggest that robots will play an ever-increasing role in modern society.  They will continue to be used in tasks where danger, repetition, cost, and precision prevents humans from performing.  Our only hope is that man, along with the advancement in technology, always promotes for the well being of mankind.
  • 20.  Some people are concerned that robots will reduce the number of jobs and kick people out of their jobs  This is almost never the case. The net affect of advanced technology such as robots is that humans become more productive.  Robotics uses AI techniques to build intelligent robots for the purpose of efficiency.  The research of Robotics and AI would lead to a manufacturing of Robots that will be used in every industry.  In future, it is better to use robotics in a appropriate and useful way, with this we can get peaceful & effective world .