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Robotics –The Future of Mankind


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Presented a paper in a National conference in SNS College of Engineering, Coimbatore.

Published in: Technology
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Robotics –The Future of Mankind

  2. 2. WHAT IS ROBOT? A Robot is Machine that gathers information about it’s environment • A robot is an intelligent system that interacts with the physical environment through sensors and effectors.
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY Robotics can be regarded as a typical and representative part of Mechatronics, as a cutting edge technology in this rapidly expanding research field A very promising area is nano-techniques. Results from physics research are already available, but exploiting and using them on an industrial scale needs highly automated processes, it needs the transfer of technology known from robotics.
  4. 4. • The spread-over to smart machine technology, provides self-calibration, self- diagnostics, and self-tuning control loops • Another important area that is profiting from the advances in robotics is the control of complex dynamical systems. Examples are humanoid robots, as well as vehicles, construction machinery, machine tools
  5. 5. TYPES OF ROBOTS • Mobile Robots • Rolling Robots • Walking Robots • Remote-control Robots • Virtual Robots
  6. 6. Mobile Robots • Mobile robots are able to move, usually they perform task such as search areas. A prime example is the Mars Explorer, specifically designed to roam the mars surface.
  7. 7. Rolling Robots • Rolling robots have wheels to move around. These are the type of robots that can quickly and easily search move around. However they are only useful in flat areas, rocky terrains give them a hard time. Flat terrains are their territory.
  8. 8. Walking Robots Robots on legs are usually brought in when the terrain is rocky and difficult to enter with wheels. Robots have a hard time shifting balance and keep them from tumbling.
  9. 9. Remote-control Robots • An autonomous robot is despite its autonomous not a very clever or intelligent unit. • The memory and brain capacity is usually limited, an autonomous robot can be compared to an insect in that respect. • In case a robot needs to perform more complicated yet undetermined tasks an autonomous robot is not the right choice.
  10. 10. Virtual Robots • Virtual robots don’t exits in real life. • Virtual robots are just programs, building blocks of software inside a computer. • A virtual robot can simulate a real robot or just perform a repeating task.
  11. 11. Advantages • Going to far away planets • Spying on people in ways people can't move and from views humans can't reach • Going far down into the unknown waters where humans would be crushed • Giving us information that humans can't get Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored
  12. 12. • They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and accurately • They can capture moments just too fast • Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without any human interference • They can entertain us and help us in certain tasks
  13. 13. Disadvantages • People can lose jobs in factories • • It needs a supply of power • • It needs maintenance to keep it running • • It costs money to make or buy a robot
  14. 14. Applications and examples • Intelligent robots will offer novel chances in various ways and for different areas. • Robots for the extension of the human work range are being used in areas such as space underwater, and the micro and nano world. An example will be given below.
  15. 15. • Robots for the alleviation of humans from hard or dangerous work will be used as intelligent tools in complex environments. • Examples are machinery for construction work, in tunneling sewage channelling and cleaning, waste disposal, de-mining, de- construction of nuclear power-plants.
  16. 16. •   • Embedded robotics is an extension           of       machine-oriented  robotics to  systems. Applications range from  ‚cartronics’,‚domotronics’, to medical  systems,  and to advanced  man-machine- interfaces  making use of wearable   computing equipment.