Introduction Online social networking sites such asFacebook, Twitter and MySpace have become abig part of people’s lives in the 21st century.These sites serve as tools for people to get intouch and reconnect with families and friends. Social networking sites are particularlypopular with the teens (and some adults as well)who have seemingly unending need, want andurge to share every detail of their livesonline, even the most trivial ones.
Introduction According to Dr. Kimberly Young, InternetAddiction can be likened to addictive syndromessimilar to impulse-control disorders on the AxisI Scale of the DSM. It is also known as computeraddiction, online addiction, or internetaddiction disorder, which will be included in theupcoming revision of the DSM-V. And a possible addition to the variety ofimpulse-control problems is the abusive use ofonline networking sites.
Introduction Therefore, this instrument aims tomeasure the susceptibility to addictionor abusive use of late adolescents toonline social networking sitesspecifically Facebook.
Significance of Study The emergence of different social networkingsites which started in the early nineties, hasaffected the lives of people. These websites offerservices wherein one can make an online identitythat can be shared with other people. Also, through these websites, one canstrengthen existing relationships or create newrelationships with people of the sameactivities, interests and background.
Significance of Study Because these sites are internet or webbased, it is much easier for the users to interactor socialize with their fellow users. And since it’s first launch in the earlynineties, these sites have now evolved and havebecome popular worldwide. With this, the rapidgrowth of users imply that more people aregetting “addicted” to it, most especiallyadolescents or teens.
Significance of Study Because past researches focused on thegeneral definition of Internet Addiction, theresearchers wanted to develop a test orassessment that specifically measured thesusceptibility or the tendency of adolescents tobe addicted to social networking sites especiallyFacebook. With this, the researchers came up theFacebook Addiction Susceptibility Test (FAST), apaper and pencil self-administered projective test.
Significance of Study The researchers believe that suchassessment tool is not only timely but alsoimportant for the present and futuregenerations of Facebook users because itwill help them assess their own internetuse behavior.
Methodology Using a self-administered questionnaire toassess the susceptibility to addiction of lateadolescent users to such online networking sites, asurvey was conducted in selected areas in Manila.The study population were late adolescents, ages 18-25 years old. A self-developed projective test and avalidated Internet addiction scale consisting of 12self-assessment items measured on a 4-point Likertscale; 12- item projective test and 12 true or falsequestions, was administered.
Methodology The first section of the survey instrumentconsisted of socio-demographic questionsregarding the subject (e.g.name, address, school, age and year level). The second section consisted of K-scale, which included items measuring InternetAddiction of adolescents.
Methodology The third section consisted of aprojective test, measuring the respondents’familiarity with the Facebook website. Thesection included 12 edited and croppedillustrations/icons from the said socialnetworking site. The 12-item true or falsequestions, conversely, was administered tosubjects who had high scores in the FAST toknow whether they are susceptible to addictedspecifically to Facebook
Methodology Test of Validity and Reliability The K-scale was culturally validated (Cronbach’sAlpha= .738). The scores were categorized as highlyaddicted if the total score in the given scale is over20 points. The projective test, Facebook AddictionSusceptibility Test (FAST) was supported by anotherself-developed test which consisted of the 12-itemtrue or false questions about the respondent’s use ofFacebook. The scores in the FAST were categorized ashighly susceptible to addiction if the total score inthe test is over 10.
Methodology Reliability StatisticsCronbachs Cronbachs N of Items Alpha Alpha Based on Standardized Items .738 .728 12
Methodology To isolate what the researchers intended tomeasure, the researches made use of various iconsspecifically found in the Facebook website. If the subject identified at 10 correcticons, then the subject is familiar with the socialnetworking site because of one’s frequent use ofit, which can be an indicator of one’s tendency tobe addicted to it. To also ensure itsreliability, FAST was correlated to K-Scale whichis a validated scale for Internet Addiction, and tothe self-developed 12-item true or false FacebookTest.
Methodology Using Pearson Correlation, the K-scale andFAST is moderately correlated (0.30). This meansthat scores of a person in the FAST is not thatdependent on the scores in the K-scale. Withthis, we can conclude that if one is addicted to theinternet, it does not necessarily mean that one is alsohighly susceptible to be addicted to Facebook.
Methodology Correlations K-scale FAST Pearson 1 .300 CorrelationK-scale Sig. (2-tailed) .117 N 30 30 Pearson .300 1 CorrelationFAST Sig. (2-tailed) .117 N 30 30
Methodology To determine the construct validity, Paired t-test was used. The mean scores in K-scale and FAST are significantly different (pvalue or sig = 0.000 <0.05). This means that the two tests do not measure the same construct. The K-scale measures Internet Addiction, while the FAST only measures a person’s susceptibility to addiction to specifically Facebook, and not internet as a whole. Samples Test Paired t df Sig. (2-tailed) - K-scalePair 1 5.17 29 .000 - FAST 5
Methodology To support the data gathered from therespondents who scored high in the FAST andto know whether they are really susceptible tobe addicted to Facebook, they were givenanother test, the 12-item true or false test abouttheir use of Facebook. Out of 30 respondents, 10respondents scored high (10 correct answers outof 12 items) and were given the test.
Methodology The scores in the FAST and the 12-itemtrue or false test were correlated with acorrelation coefficient of 0.794, which meansthat the scores on both tests are highlycorrelated. Thus, if the respondent scores high onthe FAST, he or she will also score high on the 12-item true or false test.
Methodology Correlations Key 10 up Pearson Correlation 1 .794*True or False Sig. (2-tailed) .033 N 10 10 Pearson Correlation .794* 1FAST Sig. (2-tailed) .033 N 10 10*. Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).
Methodology To get rid of the contaminants, the FAST optedto only measure the adolescents’ susceptibility of therespondents to addiction, and not addiction per se. The FAST does not generalize or label the personas being already addicted. The researchers haverecognized the fact that the FAST may only measure ordescribe only one indicator of internet addiction, whichis the familiarity of the respondent to the websitebecause of one’s frequent use of it or one’s timeallotted in using it.
Methodology This indicator may not be enough inconcluding that a person is addicted toFacebook, because addiction as a whole is acomplex matter which considers a lot of factors. Also, to ensure that the respondents cannotcheat or peak in the Facebook website, the FAST isin the form of paper and pencil instead of anonline one.
Feasibility The Facebook Addiction Susceptibility Test (FAST) asan assessment tool that measures the respondent’ssusceptibility to Facebook addiction with little or minimumeffort. They can assess and at the same time know whetherthey should regulate their own internet use and Facebookuse behavior through the use of this self-administeredpaper and pencil test. Basic knowledge on Facebook and its features and ofone’s behavior is enough to help them answer thisassessment tool.
Observation When the respondents were given thequestionnaires, they were amazed with the generaldesign of it. One of the factors that contributed to this isthat the icons and tables attached to thequestionnaire were colored, for the respondents toeasily name the icons needed to be identified.Moreover, there were instances during theassessment period when some respondents wanted acopy of it, while some even volunteered to answer.
Observation While the researchers were assessing therespondents, many of them showed similar behaviorsuch as imagining the features of Facebook andwhere the icons are located, and filling the letters inthe words in the icons to be identified. There were also some respondents who evendrew the said website to easily locate and identify theicons.