The Fundamentals of Third Generation Science Park Concept
The Fundamentals of Third Generation Science Park
UNESCO – WTA International Training Workshop, Daejeon, 26.9.2013!
Big shift towards “postnormal” era!
The “Rise of Research Clouds” !
The importance of communities!
Demola – case!
Urban Mill – case!
Big Shift towards ”post-normal era”….
• The “Big Shift” !
The most useful information is ﬂowing!
The most dynamic way to motivate is “movement”!
The driving force is passion!
The most effective way to organize resources is based on CNOs !
The potential for new ventures is measured by social capital!
The competitive edge comes from understanding serendipity!
The ultimate happiness is achieved with Work – Learn – Play integration!
• Pull society!
Attract - pull instead of push!
Platforms (virtual and physical) --- to share, to co-create !
*) Ref: “Postnormal era” was coined by Stowe Boyd, Big Shift is a term by John Hagel et al “The
Power of Pull”!
The Rise of Research Clouds ?*
The Rise of Research Clouds ?*
Vital elements and characteristics of 3GSP
The competitive edge of 3GSP consists of following elements:!
Focus on individuals and dynamic community building !
Pre-incubation – or network incubation as the 3GSP term goes – is strongly supported!
Healthy balance between effectual entrepreneurship, start-ups, SMEs and established companies,
also social entrepreneurship and virtual teams/organizations are supported!
Investments directed into advanced communication technology and community building – not
necessarly into the real estate and new infra!
Geographically dispersed locations – like having a node (coworking space) in downtown location –
and main activities in the university campus area!
Workspace design – both physical space (layout and interior design) and virtual collaboration
platforms – supporting open innovation principles and community building!
Understanding the importance of ”sticky knowledge” in regional development context !
Serendipity management methodologies widely used!
3GSP thinking gaining momentum in Finland
Traditional STPs are loosing edge!
!Technopolis Ltd focusing only on real estate and facility management!
!Innovation activities moved to separate public organizations in eight Finnish cities etc.!
!In Lahti the local STP, regional development organization and new business center mergered
New platforms emerging!
!Coworking -> maker spaces, hacker spaces, Fab-Labs, netWork Oasis, Open Innovation House, Design Factory,!
!Start-up Sauna, Urban Mill!
!Community building -> Aalto ES, Joensuu ES, Hobbyist communities, Lead user communities….!
!Start up scene -> events, Summer School, SLUSH, business idea competitions, Protomo/Demola etc!
!Effectual entrepreneurship -> 3GSP, Urban Mill (more to come…)!
Pressures to cut public funding, !
Community values (Ubuntu)
# Be considerate!
# Be respectful
# Take responsibility for our words and our actions !!
# Be collaborative!
# Value decisiveness, clarity and consensus!
# Ask for help when unsure!
# Step down considerately!
Community governance (Ubuntu)
# Leading by example, in debate and in action – take action!
# Delegation from the top- ”benevolent dictator”
# Support for delegation is measured – leadership as priviedge !!
# Discussion, data and decisiveness valued!
# Open meritocracy!
# Credit is important!
# Courage and considerateness – reasoning early!
The origins of serendipity
Serendipity is a quality of
mind, which through
awareness, sagacity and good
fortune allows one to
frequently discover something
good while looking for
Serendipity is also understood
to describe the whole process!
The Persian fable from 6th
century ”The Adventures of
Three Princes of Serendip”!
Horace Walpole, Robert K.
Merton elaborated further!
Elements of Serendipity
• Unexpected (event,
• Prepared (mind, community,
The challenge :
• To understand it!
• To create environments and
platforms for it!
• To harness it!!
The picture, Stephann Makri / SerenA project!
Examples of serendipity
• XeroxPARC, 3M, Pixar,
Google, MIT Media Lab!
• Ice Hotel (Ice Bars)!
How to design for Serendipity- physical space
Space for insight!
Temple of Challenge!
Temple of Challenge!
Hall of Potential!
Hall of Results!
The code of conduct!
Four zones: privat, semi-privat,
semi-public and public!
netWork Oasis, Joensuu Science Park!
How to design for Serendipity - virtual
• Chance encounters!
Flow of information!
• Engineering (apps)!
Open or closed !
• Embedded system!
”Digital totem pole”!
• Inverse serendipity!
• Weak ties elementary!
• Social capital created!
GLOW; netWork Oasis, Joensuu Science Park!
Vital elements of new innovation philosophy
• “Connecting generations”!
• Combining Arts, Science
• Multidisciplinary approach
• Expect the unexpected!
• Listen to your community!
• Be prepared!
FlexLab opening in Joensuu Science
Park, September 2004!
Demola - case
Open innovation platform!
- Ideas from industry and public organizations!
- Team of students lead by partners (customer)!
Beneﬁts for students:!
!> industrial experience!
!> valuable contacts from business!
!> study credits, multidisciplinary teams, strong foreign interest!
!> encouragement for establishing a start up (10 % rate)!
Beneﬁts for partners:!
!> great, low costing pilot platform!
!> access to motivated and skillful resorces!
!> no bureacracy (IPR agreements standardized)!
!> great recruiting tool!
!> 10-15 % ”very successful” (55 total) – real impact to Nokia’s operations!
Urban Mill - case
Part of Aalto University’s ecosystem in Helsinki metropolitan area!
- Novel solution, started 2013 January!
- Coworking space, innovation community, change orchestration tool!
- Focus on sustainable urban innovations!
Challenge: How to enhance the quality of urban life and services through ICT and built environment
development and how to orhestrate and energize urban ecosystem development!
Urban Mill’s main principles:!
- Joint development work guided by cocreted vision rather than by strictly pre-planned processes!
- Community building in focus, engagement through ”pull” factors!
- Open innovation principles widely used!
- New orchestration methods piloted!
- Connectivity (local and global) supported!
- All types of entrepreneurships are attracted – effectual entrepreneurs especially!
- Sustainability --- walk your talk, old VTT building renovated almost without any investments !
For further information: !
Ilkka Kakko !
+ 358 50 536 2941!
Twitter: @Serendipitor !